Son of Beast was a wooden roller coaster located at Kings Island in Mason, Ohio, United States. Built and designed by the now-defunct Roller Coaster Corporation of America (RCCA), the ride opened to the public on April 28, 2000, as the tallest and fastest wooden coaster in the world. It became the first wooden hypercoaster – a height class of 200 feet (61 m) or more – with its record-setting height of 218 feet (66 m). The coaster was also the first in the modern era to feature a vertical loop, and it reached a record-breaking maximum speed of 78 mph (126 km/h). Son of Beast was themed as a sequel to one of the park's other signature attractions, The Beast.

Son of Beast
Son of Beast's track layout with the loop
Kings Island
LocationKings Island
Park sectionAction Zone
Coordinates39°20′46″N 84°15′53″W / 39.346101°N 84.264686°W / 39.346101; -84.264686
StatusRemoved
Opening dateApril 28, 2000 (2000-04-28)
Closing dateJune 16, 2009 (2009-06-16)
Cost$20.5 million
Replaced byBanshee
General statistics
TypeWood
ManufacturerRoller Coaster Corporation of America
DesignerWerner Stengel
Track layoutTerrain roller coaster
Lift/launch systemChain lift hill
Height218 ft (66 m)
Drop214 ft (65 m)
Length7,032 ft (2,143 m)
Speed78.4 mph (126.2 km/h)
Inversions1 (2000–2006)
0 (2007–2009)
Duration2:20
Max vertical angle55.7°
Capacity1600 riders per hour
G-force4.5
Trains2 trains with 6 cars. Riders are arranged 2 across in 2 rows for a total of 24 riders per train.
Son of Beast at RCDB

Son of Beast met an early demise following two serious, non-fatal incidents, with the first occurring in 2006 and the second occurring in 2009. It also had issues with its construction. After sitting idle for years, the closure was made permanent in July 2012 when Kings Island announced that the roller coaster would be removed from the park. It was replaced in 2014 by a new steel coaster, Banshee, which features a tombstone prop decoration in its line queue that pays homage to the Son of Beast. The height and speed records once held by the coaster remain unbroken.

History edit

The Roller Coaster Corporation of America (RCCA) discussed the idea of building the world's first wooden hypercoaster with Kings Island in 1997.[1] On May 11, 1999, the park held a public event within the park near a large, covered crate placed along a footpath.[2] Beastly growling and snarling noises came from inside as it shook violently on occasion.[2] Montel Williams, acting as Director of Thrills, announced that a record-breaking wooden coaster named Son of Beast would open for the 2000 season.[2] During the announcement, the tarp covering was removed, revealing a chained crate with holes throughout its framework.[2] A scale model of the roller coaster was displayed to the audience, as well as a list of seven world records that would be set by the new coaster.[2]

Construction edit

The Roller Coaster Company of Ohio was officially recorded as the ride's designer,[3] an affiliate of RCCA.[4] The primary structural engineer was Wooden Structures Inc. of Georgia, while the lumber was manufactured by Universal Forest Products of Hamilton, Ohio.[3] Problems plagued the ride from the beginning and, as a result, Paramount Parks, the park's then-owner, fired RCCA before construction was completed.[5] The park had to make several design corrections during Son of Beast's initial year.[5]

 
The broken crate signage at the ride's entrance

On January 11, 2000, a portion of the ride was damaged due to a strong gust of wind. It was later revealed that the second hill had collapsed by itself. The wooden structure was being held in place by a temporary ribbon support system and had been constructed only a day earlier.[6] The ride was planned to open on April 14, 2000, but construction was halted due to rainy weather. As a result, the coaster's opening had to be delayed.[7] In addition, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration fined Paramount $110,000 in February 2000 after discovering 18 safety violations during two inspections, including 11 that were deemed "serious".[8]

Operation edit

Son of Beast officially opened to the public on April 28, 2000.[9] The sign at the ride's entrance featured a large wooden crate covered with chains, rope, and metal straps, resembling the one on display during the public reveal in 1999. The front was ripped open with the name "Son of Beast" centered on the inside.[10]

The day after the ride opened, officials discovered defects in a 15-foot-long (4.6 m) section of track.[11][12] Son of Beast closed soon afterward,[13] undergoing three weeks of repairs.[11][12] It reopened on May 26, 2000,[11][14] although heavy rains delayed the reopening by nearly six hours.[15] Kings Island filed a lawsuit in November 2000 against the three companies involved in the design and manufacture of the roller coaster, claiming defects that delayed the initial opening and resulted in multiple closures.[3][16] In 2005, a federal court ruled that the Roller Coaster Company of Ohio's insurer, Admiral Insurance, had to pay Kings Island $20 million in damages in relation to the lawsuit.[17][18] However, the ruling was overturned by an appeals court in 2008.[18]

The ride experienced its first major incident on July 9, 2006, during which a train passed over a structural track failure that severely jolted riders.[19] Son of Beast closed for the remainder of the 2006 season while repairs were made, and Kings Island decided to replace the original trains with lighter models.[20] The three original trains were designed by Premier Rides, each consisting of six cars for a total capacity of 36.[21] Kings Island purchased two Gerstlauer-designed trains from the demolished Hurricane: Category 5 coaster at the Myrtle Beach Pavilion to serve as lighter replacements.[22] The lighter trains were shorter, each consisting of five cars that held 24 riders, and were used to reduce the overall load on the wooden structure.[21][23][24]

To help the lighter trains complete the circuit, the loop was removed in January 2007 and recycled for scrap.[25][26] The park claimed that the changes helped make the ride more comfortable,[21][23] and Son of Beast eventually reopened on July 4, 2007.[24][27] Despite the loss of the vertical loop, the coaster continued to hold the record as tallest and fastest wooden roller coaster in the world.[28]

Closure and demolition edit

Another major incident occurred in May 2009 involving a non-contact head injury, and Kings Island voluntarily closed the ride two weeks later upon hearing feedback from the injured rider.[29] The coaster did not reopen for the 2009 season.[30][31] Kings Island officials received three proposals to repair Son of Beast, one of which they rejected outright. References to Son of Beast were removed from the park's website and map in early 2010.[32] All signage, including the box at the entrance, was also removed.[32][33] At the time, the ride had accommodated an estimated 7 million guests throughout its history.[34]

 
The tombstone decoration in Banshee's line queue

On March 15, 2010, the General Manager of Kings Island, Greg Scheid, stated that the park had spent nearly $30 million on the ride to date and that it would not reopen for the 2010 season.[32][35] However, at the start of the 2010 Halloween Haunt season, Son of Beast's station was opened for a haunted house called Wolf Pack. The station is still standing and was used yearly to host Wolf Pack during the Halloween Haunt season until 2019.[36] Another Kings Island spokesperson, Don Helbig, announced in 2011 that the ride would again be closed for the 2011 season and that the ride's future had not yet been decided. "No decision has been made concerning the ride's future," spokesman Don Helbig said. "It would be inappropriate to speculate on when a decision might be made. There's nothing else to talk about."[37] Kings Island announced on April 24, 2012, that there were no plans to operate Son of Beast in 2012, and they were still evaluating options.[38]

On July 27, 2012, following a thorough evaluation of the roller coaster, Kings Island announced that Son of Beast would be removed from the park to make room for future expansion.[39][40] Demolition began in mid-September 2012.[41][42] During the demolition of Son of Beast, Kings Island sold plaques with a piece of the ride's track for $99.99. Park officials offered pieces of the wood structure for $49.99 and structural bolts for $24.99.[43] On November 20, one of the last remaining parts of the structure, the lift hill, was demolished.[44] A new roller coaster called Banshee was completed in April 2014 in the same location as Son of Beast.[45] A tombstone with a plaque honoring Son of Beast was placed in the mockup graveyard near the entrance of the new roller coaster.[46]

In 2018, Kings Island released posters that referenced Son of Beast's station, Outpost 5, leading some to speculate that a possible revival might be announced by the park. However, these rumors were unsubstantiated, and no such announcement was made.[47]

Layout edit

After loading the train, riders left the station making a 51-foot (16 m) left-hand drop into a series of short hops before turning into the 218-foot-tall (66 m) lift hill. At the crest of the lift hill, the track made a left-hand turn over to the first drop, where it dropped 214 feet (65 m) to the ground followed by a 70-degree banked turn to the right. Riders then descended 164 feet (50 m) down a second drop into a left-hand double helix. Coming out of the helix, the train passed through a mid-course brake run dropping into a straight section of track (where the vertical loop was prior to 2006), before entering another helix, riding a series of short hills, and ending at the final brake run.[48][49] One cycle of the ride lasted about 2 minutes and 20 seconds.[22]

The superstructure of the roller coaster used yellow pine,[50] while the track piles were made of Douglas fir.[51] Son of Beast was supported by 2,414 footers, which extended 11 feet (3.4 m) into the ground. In addition, 225,000 21-inch (530 mm) steel bolts and over 22 short tons (20,000 kg) of nails were used to secure the roller coaster's superstructure.[52] Before the loop was removed in December 2006, it had a steel structure and a wooden track.[50] About 2,500,000 board feet (5,900 m3) of timber were used in Son of Beast's construction,[51] and the ride itself covered 12 acres (4.9 ha).[52]

World records edit

At the time of its introduction in 2000, Son of Beast was the only wooden roller coaster nationally ranked in the top 10 for track height, track length, drop height, and speed. It set several world records becoming the tallest and fastest wooden roller coaster in the world, as well as becoming the second longest following its predecessor, The Beast.[53] In addition, when it opened, Son of Beast was the only wooden roller coaster to feature a vertical loop.[54] The loop was removed prior to the 2007 season.[21][55] Its records for height, speed, and drop length remain unbroken.[a]

 
Son of Beast's track layout after the loop was removed

The seven world records held at its introduction were:

  1. Tallest wooden roller coaster[59]
  2. Longest wooden roller coaster drop[59]
  3. Fastest wooden roller coaster[59]
  4. Only looping wooden roller coaster (2000–2006)[60]
  5. Longest looping roller coaster (2000–2006)[61]
  6. Most wooden coaster track at one park (22,612 feet or 6,892 meters)[62]
  7. First and only wooden hypercoaster in the world (over 200 feet or 61 meters high)[63]

Incidents edit

From 2000 to 2009, the Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) recorded six incidents in which people were injured after riding Son of Beast.[64][65] Son of Beast recorded more incidents than any other ride in Ohio during that period, when ODA recorded 65 such incidents on amusement rides across the state.[64]

Only one of the six incidents recorded on Son of Beast, the derailment in 2006, was caused by structural issues with the ride itself.[64] Of the other five incidents, two riders broke their necks within a four-week period in 2001; both riders had ankylosing spondylitis, a rare condition of arthritis in the spine.[65][66] A third rider suffered fractured vertebrae after riding Son of Beast in 2003, but ODA officials were unable to determine whether the rider had a preexisting medical condition because she refused to be interviewed.[65] In 2007, a fourth rider died one day after riding Son of Beast after complaining of back pain.[65][66] The fifth incident, in 2009, resulted in the ride's permanent closure.[65]

2006 edit

In the evening of July 9, 2006, a structural failure in the 'Rose Bowl' section of the ride formed a "slight dip" in the track that created a "pothole effect".[67] A train running on the track passed over the area severely jolting riders. After the train returned to the station and riders complained of injuries, the next train ascending the lift hill was halted. There were 27 sent to the hospital, many reporting head, and neck injuries, with all but two being released the same day.[19] None of the injuries were life-threatening. After an inspection the following day, the park stated that the accident was caused by a crack or split in the wood.[68] The ride was shut down for an extended period of time, while the park worked with the State of Ohio to complete a full investigation. The park completed repairs of the ride but the state asked for extensive testing to be done to ensure it would not happen again. The park indicated that the ride would not reopen until the 2007 season.[69][67]

 
Son of Beast's Gerstlauer trains (2007–2009)

After the 2006 incident, the trains were replaced with lighter models before the ride reopened the following season. The loop was also removed during this time.[21] The riders injured in the 2006 incident filed five lawsuits, four of which were settled out-of-court.[70] In the fifth lawsuit, a judge ruled that Kings Island had to pay over $76,000 in compensatory damages.[70][31][71] Forensic investigator Rick Schmizze testified that Kings Island had known since 2000 that the ride had major issues with swaying, but that park officials had not done enough to fix the problem.[71] Kings Island settled the last lawsuit in 2011.[70]

2009 edit

On June 16, 2009, a woman claimed to have suffered a head injury from riding Son of Beast during her visit to the park on May 31, 2009. She did not report the incident to Kings Island officials before June 16. She claimed to have suffered from a burst blood vessel in her brain, after riding Son of Beast, that required admission to an intensive care unit at a nearby hospital. "The first we heard of this was on June 16. Her visit was on May 31 and there's no record of going to first aid for anything here at the park," said Don Helbig, public relations manager for Kings Island. Helbig also pointed out that there were no other reports of injuries on the ride that year. Son of Beast was shut down as a precaution, however, during the investigation. "At this point, it would be inappropriate to speculate on an exact date when the ride may reopen. We're going to do a thorough maintenance review. We're going to work with the state of Ohio on that," said Helbig.[72]

An investigation followed, and no irregularities were found with the ride. A summary of that investigation was released later, on July 29.[73][64] Despite the vindicating findings, the roller coaster never reopened.[40][74]

Rankings edit

Golden Ticket Awards: Top wood Roller Coasters
Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Ranking 46[75] 38[76] 37 (tie)[77] 36 (tie)[78] 31[79] 48[80]

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ As of 2022, the current height, drop distance, and speed records are as follows: The corresponding statistics for Son of Beast were:[22]
    • Height: 218 feet (66 m)
    • Drop distance: 214 feet (65 m)
    • Speed: 78 miles per hour (126 km/h)

References edit

  1. ^ "Archive of RCCA Site - History". Archived from the original on February 24, 2006. Retrieved March 4, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e Flaharty, Sean (May 11, 1999). "Son Of Beast announcement – (Paramount's Kings Island -May 1999)". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 13, 2021. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "Kings Island sues three firms over coaster". The Akron Beacon Journal. November 24, 2000. p. 18. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  4. ^ Dwyer, Amanda (March 4, 2016). "Inside the Demise of the Record-Breaking Roller Coaster that Went Too Far". Theme Park Tourist. Archived from the original on August 17, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  5. ^ a b Tan, Lot (August 8, 2013). "Kings Island introduces roller coaster for 2014". Middletown Journal. Archived from the original on August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  6. ^ "Wind Gusts Cause Minor Damage To Son Of Beast". Ultimate Rollercoaster. Archived from the original on August 10, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  7. ^ "Son of Beast coaster opening is delayed". The Akron Beacon Journal. April 15, 2000. Archived from the original on December 9, 2021. Retrieved October 8, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  8. ^ "OSHA hits park with big fines". Springfield News-Sun. February 6, 2000. p. 17. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  9. ^ Aldridge, Kevin (April 29, 2000). "Thrill-seekers award Son thumbs-up". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Archived from the original on December 9, 2021. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  10. ^ Fudge, Mike (August 12, 2007). "Son of Beast | Flickr – Photo Sharing!". Flickr. Archived from the original on May 28, 2014. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
  11. ^ a b c "Son of Beast gets set to roll again". Dayton Daily News. May 27, 2000. p. 8. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  12. ^ a b Aldridge, Kevin (May 26, 2000). "Coaster cleared to reopen". The Cincinnati Enquirer. p. 45. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  13. ^ Winston, Earnest (May 2, 2000). "Son of Beast takes a breather". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Archived from the original on January 25, 2022. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  14. ^ "Kings Island reopens coaster". The News-Messenger. May 27, 2000. Archived from the original on January 25, 2022. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  15. ^ Stevenson, John (November 16, 2009). "Will Son of Beast ever reopen?". Coaster101. Archived from the original on June 13, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  16. ^ "Paramount's Kings Island Files Suit Over Roller Coaster". UltimateRollercoaster.com. November 26, 2000. Archived from the original on March 15, 2020. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  17. ^ Horn, Dan; Kelley, Eileen (July 11, 2006). "Son of Beast coaster had early problems". The Cincinnati Enquirer. p. 6. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  18. ^ a b Morse, Janice (March 26, 2008). "Kings Island loses $20M case". The Cincinnati Enquirer. p. 21. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  19. ^ a b Barry, Lance (July 10, 2006). "Official: Cracked Wood May Have Caused Coaster Accident". WCPO-TV. Archived from the original on July 20, 2006. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  20. ^ "Kings Island Removing Loop From Son Of Beast". Ultimate Rollercoaster. Archived from the original on August 8, 2020. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  21. ^ a b c d e Schwartzberg, Eric (July 2, 2009). "Son of Beast's history rough for park riders". The Oxford Press. Archived from the original on July 5, 2009.
  22. ^ a b c Marden, Duane. "Son Of Beast  (Kings Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  23. ^ a b Brown, Jessica (February 6, 2007). "Coaster won't reopen on time". The Cincinnati Enquirer. p. 13. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  24. ^ a b McLaughlin, Sheila (July 5, 2007). "Son of Beast, minus loop, back in service". The Cincinnati Enquirer. p. 1. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  25. ^ "Loop taken off Son of Beast". The Cincinnati Enquirer. January 9, 2007. p. 13. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  26. ^ Wells, Daniel (January 10, 2007). "Loop removed from Kings Island's Son of Beast roller coaster". Dayton Daily News. p. 6. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  27. ^ "Son of Beast Reopens Today". Local12.com. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011.
  28. ^ "Tallest Roller Coaster in the World". Coastergrotto.com. Archived from the original on July 24, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
  29. ^ Schwartzberg, Eric (June 23, 2009). "Son of Beast shut down". The Journal News. p. 11. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 10, 2022.
  30. ^ "'Son Of Beast' To Remain Closed, Possibly For Good – Cincinnati News Story". WLWT Cincinnati. August 10, 2009. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
  31. ^ a b Bradley, Eric (November 26, 2009). "'Son of Beast' May Have Taken Last Ride". The Cincinnati Enquirer. pp. 157, 158. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 10, 2022.
  32. ^ a b c Bradley, Eric (March 19, 2010). "Son of Beast closed for season". The Cincinnati Enquirer. p. 23. Retrieved September 10, 2022.
  33. ^ John (April 26, 2010). "Son of Beast Signage Gone". Coaster101. Archived from the original on January 29, 2011. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
  34. ^ "Banshee most expensive project in KI's history". Dayton Daily News. August 10, 2013. p. 14. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  35. ^ "Son of Beast a no-go for 2010". Business Courier. March 15, 2010. Archived from the original on August 2, 2012. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  36. ^ "Son Of Beast". kicentral.com. Archived from the original on September 7, 2022. Retrieved August 1, 2022.
  37. ^ "What's next for Son of Beast". Cincinnati Enquirer. Archived from the original on April 27, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
  38. ^ "Kings Island looking new at 40". Cincinnati.com. April 24, 2012. Archived from the original on May 27, 2012. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
  39. ^ McClelland, Justin (July 27, 2012). "Kings Island to tear down Son of Beast". Dayton Daily News. Archived from the original on July 31, 2012. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  40. ^ a b "Son of Beast roller coaster to be removed to make room for future park expansion". Kings Island. July 27, 2012. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  41. ^ McClelland, Justin (October 4, 2012). "Dismantling begins on Son of Beast". Dayton Daily News. Archived from the original on October 5, 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  42. ^ Richardson, Rachel (October 5, 2012). "Want a piece of Son of Beast? KI answers question". Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
  43. ^ "Kings Island selling parts of Son of Beast". October 9, 2012. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
  44. ^ Richardson, Rachel (November 20, 2012). "Final section of Son of Beast comes down". Archived from the original on January 25, 2022. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
  45. ^ Tan, Lot (August 9, 2013). "Kings Island to offer new coaster for 2014". Dayton Daily News. Archived from the original on May 20, 2019. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  46. ^ "Kings Island's Banshee Ridership Numbers Are In..." Coaster Nation. March 8, 2015. Archived from the original on May 20, 2019. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  47. ^ Matarese, John (August 9, 2018). "Kings Island making 2019 season announcement; teases new coaster may be coming". Archived from the original on January 25, 2022. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
  48. ^ "Son Of Beast POV". YouTube. December 20, 2006. Archived from the original on December 13, 2021. Retrieved March 23, 2012.
  49. ^ "Son of Beast Fact Sheet". Ultimate Rollercoaster. Archived from the original on February 5, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
  50. ^ a b "Son of Beast Layout & Stats". Home.fuse.net. July 15, 1999. Archived from the original on December 6, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
  51. ^ a b Marden, Duane. "Paramount's Kings Island Fact Sheet: Son of Beast". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  52. ^ a b "Son of Beast". 2001. Retrieved March 10, 2012.
  53. ^ Condie, Todd (April 2004). "Records". Cincinnati Magazine. Emmis Communications. 37 (7): 168. ISSN 0746-8210. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved July 29, 2012.
  54. ^ Oehmke, Ted (June 20, 1999). "The Way We Live Now: 6-20-99: The Science of: Roller Coasters; High Rollers". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on September 13, 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2022.
  55. ^ "Son of Beast – Review". Coaster Grotto. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
  56. ^ Marden, Duane. "Wood Record Holders – Height". Roller Coaster DataBase. Archived from the original on February 22, 2012. Retrieved May 2, 2012.
  57. ^ Marden, Duane. "Wood Record Holders – Drop". Roller Coaster DataBase. Archived from the original on July 25, 2014. Retrieved May 2, 2012.
  58. ^ Marden, Duane. "Wood Record Holders – Speed". Roller Coaster DataBase. Archived from the original on July 25, 2014. Retrieved May 2, 2012.
  59. ^ a b c "Roller Coaster History Timeline | Significant Milestones". Ultimate Rollercoaster. 2005. Archived from the original on March 1, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
  60. ^ "Extreme Rides and Wooden Roller Coasters Reviews". Zuko. June 18, 2007. Archived from the original on June 20, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
  61. ^ "Disney Top 10 Disneyland Unique Rides". Disney Top 10. 2011. Archived from the original on March 3, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  62. ^ "Son of Beast Article". COASTER-net. Archived from the original on January 8, 2018. Retrieved January 8, 2018.
  63. ^ "Kings Island: A Leader in New Ideas for Years". COASTER-net.com. December 29, 2010. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved January 8, 2018.
  64. ^ a b c d Schwartzberg, Eric (July 30, 2009). "Son of Beast coaster passes inspection". Springfield News-Sun. p. 18. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 10, 2022.
  65. ^ a b c d e "State inspectors called six times to the Son of Beast". The News-Messenger. July 25, 2009. pp. A8. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 10, 2022.
  66. ^ a b Schwartzberg, Eric (May 7, 2012). "Son of Beast's history rough for park riders". Springfield News-Sun. Archived from the original on August 31, 2022. Retrieved September 10, 2022.
  67. ^ a b Latta, Tiffany Y. (December 13, 2006). "State: Son of Beast accident caused by design flaw". Middletown Journal. Archived from the original on December 16, 2006. Retrieved September 26, 2011.
  68. ^ Niles, Robert (July 9, 2006). "Son of Beast coaster accident sends dozens to hospitals". Theme Park Insider. Archived from the original on August 25, 2011. Retrieved September 26, 2011.
  69. ^ "Ohio roller coaster mishap injures 27 riders". NBC News. July 9, 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2011.
  70. ^ a b c Morse, Janice (March 22, 2011). "Kings Island settles Son of Beast suit". The Cincinnati Enquirer. p. 15. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  71. ^ a b Callahan, Denise G. (November 9, 2009). "Coaster checker deemed it risky". The Cincinnati Enquirer. p. 27. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  72. ^ "'Son Of The Beast' Closed After Injury Complaint". WLWT. June 22, 2009. Archived from the original on August 18, 2011.
  73. ^ Whitaker, Carrie (July 29, 2009). "Report Clears SOB". Cincinnati Enquirer. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2011.
  74. ^ "Kings Island won't reopen Son of Beast this year". Columbus Dispatch. August 10, 2009. Archived from the original on August 11, 2011. Retrieved September 26, 2011.
  75. ^ "Top 25 wood Roller Coasters" (PDF). Amusement Today: 6B. August 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2013.
  76. ^ "Top 25 wood Roller Coasters" (PDF). Amusement Today: 6B. September 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2013.
  77. ^ "Top 50 wood Roller Coasters" (PDF). Amusement Today: 10–11B. September 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2013.
  78. ^ "Top 50 wood Roller Coasters" (PDF). Amusement Today: 14–15B. September 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 3, 2007.
  79. ^ "Top 50 wood Roller Coasters" (PDF). Amusement Today: 22–23B. September 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2013.
  80. ^ "Top 50 wood Roller Coasters" (PDF). Amusement Today: 30–31B. September 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2013.

External links edit