Soma, Manisa

Soma is a town and district of Manisa Province in the Aegean region of Turkey. According to the 2009 census, the population of the district is 101,011, of which 74,158 live in the town of Soma.[3] The district covers an area of 839 km2 (324 sq mi),[4] and the town lies at an elevation of 161 m (528 ft).

Location of Soma within Turkey.
Location of Soma within Turkey.
Soma is located in Turkey
Location of Soma
Soma is located in Europe
Soma (Europe)
Coordinates: 39°11′N 27°37′E / 39.183°N 27.617°E / 39.183; 27.617
 • District838.87 km2 (323.89 sq mi)
161 m (528 ft)
 • Urban
 • District
 • District density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code(s)236
Licence plate45


Lignite mining and a lignite-fired thermal power plant are the main economic activities in Soma.[5] During World War I the mines were opened up for production. The lignite extracted during that time was described as being of "very bad" quality. That lignite was burned with German coal for trains in the region. A small portion was exported to İzmir.[6] A just transition from coal could be supported by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.[7]

The Soma Wind Farm, with 119 wind turbines and an installed total capacity of 140.4 MW, is one of Turkey's largest wind farms.[8]

Olive, walnut and almond cultivation is among the important agricultural activities of Soma.[9]

2014 Soma coal mine disasterEdit

On 13 May 2014, as a result of an explosion caused by a mine fire at the Soma coal mine, 301 workers were killed.[10]


  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-20. Retrieved 2016-12-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Statoids. "Statistical information on districts of Turkey". Retrieved 2009-04-04.
  5. ^ The Journal of Turkish Weekly. "Soma Manisa Turkey-Thermal Power Plant". Archived from the original on 2010-12-18. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  6. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 101.
  7. ^ "The EBRD's just transition initiative". European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ "'Rüzgar'da en büyük olacak". Vatan (in Turkish). 2010-11-02. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  9. ^ Gazete, Banka (21 November 2021). "Manisalı üreticilere fidan desteği devam ediyor". Gazete Banka. p. Retrieved 21 November 2021.
  10. ^ "Faciada son bilanço: 298 ölü". ntvmsnbc. 17 May 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2014.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 39°11′18″N 27°36′32″E / 39.18833°N 27.60889°E / 39.18833; 27.60889