Solomon Museum

The Solomon Museum (Albanian: Muzeu Solomon) is a museum in the Albanian city of Berat devoted to the history of the Jewish community in Albania.

Solomon Museum
Muzeu Solomon
Established2018; 4 years ago (2018)
LocationBerat, Albania
Typehistory of the Jewish community in Albania
FounderProfessor Simon Vrusho
DirectorAngjlina Vrusho

HistoryEdit

Opened in 2018 by Professor Simon Vrusho, who ran it with his own pension and small donations,[1] the museum was on the brink of closure after Vrusho passed away. However, Gazmend Toska, a French-Albanian businessperson, read about the museum and its possible fate, and paid for the relocation of the museum to a larger place in the city,[2] which relocation took place on September 29, 2019.[3] The museum is unique among its peers for telling the stories of how Albanians saved almost 2,000 Jews from the Holocaust, following their centuries-old Besa code of honor.[4][5]

CollectionsEdit

The museum has documents, photos, and items that have belonged to the Jewish community, which arrived in Berat in the 16th century from Spain, fleeing the Inquisition. Albania is the only Nazi-occupied territory whose Jewish population increased during World War II.[6] The museum's current director is Angjlina Vrusho, Simon's Vrusho's wife. [7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Albania’s endangered Jewish museum celebrates ‘rebirth’. The Times of Israel
  2. ^ Albania's endangered Jewish museum reopens. France24
  3. ^ Albania's endangered Jewish museum reopens. Yahoo! News
  4. ^ Last Jewish history museum survives in Albania. The Jerusalem Post
  5. ^ The Promise: Why Albanians Saved So Many Jews During World War II. Radio Free Europe
  6. ^ "Albania's endangered Jewish museum celebrates 'rebirth'". www.timesofisrael.com.
  7. ^ Last Jewish history museum survives in Albania. European Jewish Congress