Soli (zemlja)

(Redirected from Soli (province))

Soli or was a zemlja of the medieval Bosnian state, located in today's northern Bosnia and Herzegovina,[1][2] centered around the town of Tuzla. Initially, a Slavic župa, the County of Soli became an integral part of Kulin's Bosnia and later both of Banate of Bosnia and of the Kingdom of Bosnia.[3]

Territorial development of Bosnia during the Middle Ages; with region of Soli indicated in northeastern parts of the country

Soli was also specially organized in the early feudal period. As such, it entered the title of Bosnian rulers, but somewhere in the first half of the 14th century it completely merged with Usora. Apart from the name and only the approximate territory, we know nothing about the organization of this zemlja.[4][5]

The meaning of the name is "salts". With the arrival of the Ottoman Empire around 1512, the names of the villages "Gornje Soli" and "Donje Soli" were translated to "Memlehai-bala" and "Memlehai-zir", literally meaning Upper and Lower Saltworks, resp.[6] Zemlja Soli will eventually be incorporated into zemlja Usora in 15th century.

See also



  1. ^ The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology, Volume 1, Clifford Rogers, Oxford University Press, 2010, p. 117
  2. ^ Cumans and Tatars: Oriental Military in the Pre-Ottoman Balkans, 1185-1365, István Vásáry, Cambridge University Press, 2005, p. 103
  3. ^ Fine, John Van Antwerp (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. University of Michigan Press. pp. 18, 265, 275, 467. ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  4. ^ Anđelić 1982, p. 10.
  5. ^ Anđelić 1982, §Chapter: Usora i Soli.
  6. ^ Pavo Živković; Marija Brandić (May 2007). "Usora i Soli u prva dva stoljeća turske prevlasti". Povijesni Zbornik: Godišnjak Za Kulturu I Povijesno Nasljeđe (in Croatian). 1 (1–2). Faculty of Philosophy, University of Osijek: 58–59. ISSN 1846-3819. Retrieved 2012-09-02.



44°33′37″N 18°41′50″E / 44.56028°N 18.69722°E / 44.56028; 18.69722