Its name, Atzompa, comes from the nahuatl language and refers to the small river valleys on the mountain looking like a scalp In time it took the other part of its name from the Soledad river which runs through the town. This river is a tributary of the River Blanco.
The municipality of Soledad Atzompa is delimited to the north by Huiloapan de Cuauhtémoc, to the east by Atlahuilco, to the southeast by Xoxocotla, and to the west and northwest by Acultzingo. There had been a number of border disputes in the past settled by a decree in 1982.
The local soil is composed of sandy rock and only 50% can be used for agriculture. The area produces principally maize.
The climate of Soledad Atzompa is temperate-humid, with an average temperature of 12°C; annual average rainfall is 887 mm.
- "Soledad Atzompa". Encyclopedia of the Towns and Delegations of Mexico. Retrieved 9 Jan 2014.
- "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México: Soledad Atzompa" (in Spanish). Gobierno Estatal. Retrieved 2009-06-15. External link in