Its name, Atzompa, comes from the nahuatl language and refers to the small river valleys on the mountain looking like a scalp In time it took the other part of its name from the Soledad river which runs through the town. This river is a tributary of the River Blanco.
The municipality of Soledad Atzompa is delimited to the north by Huiloapan de Cuauhtémoc, to the east by Atlahuilco, to the south-east by Xoxocotla, to the west and north-west by Acultzingo. There had been a number of border disputes in the past settled by a decree in 1982.
The local soil is composed of sandy rock and only 50% can be used for agriculture. The area produces principally maize.
The climate of Soledad Atzompa is temperate-humid, with an average temperature of 12°C; annual average rainfall is 887 mm.
- "Soledad Atzompa". Encyclopedia of the Towns and Delegations of Mexico. Retrieved 9 Jan 2014.
- "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México: Soledad Atzompa" (in Spanish). Gobierno Estatal. Retrieved 2009-06-15. External link in