Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hall and Museum
Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hall and Museum (or often simply Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hall) is a National Register of Historic Places landmark in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. It is the largest memorial in the United States dedicated solely to honoring all branches of military veterans and service personnel.
Soldiers and Sailors Military Museum and Memorial
Front view of the memorial and its lawn from Fifth Avenue
|Part of||Schenley Farms Historic District (#83002213)|
|NRHP reference #||74001746 |
|Added to NRHP||December 30, 1974|
|Designated CP||July 22, 1983|
|Designated CPHS||February 11, 1991|
It was conceived by the Grand Army of the Republic in the 1890s as a way for Pittsburgh and Allegheny County to honor the dwindling ranks of its American Civil War veterans; it was built on what had served as the army mustering ground during the Civil War. The Memorial today represents all branches of the service and honors both career and citizen soldiers who have served the United States throughout its history.
Architect Henry Hornbostel designed the memorial in 1907. Dedicated in 1910, the building is in the Beaux-Arts style and is heroic in scale. It is located in the Oakland section of Pittsburgh at 4141 Fifth Avenue (although the walkway leading to its main entrance is signed as "Matthew Ridgway Blvd." in honor of the World War II and Korean War hero who called Pittsburgh home) and adjacent to the University of Pittsburgh campus and its Cathedral of Learning. The building is set back from Fifth Avenue, featuring expansive and well-kept lawns dotted with large cannons and other war implements. Side streets flanking the building are Bigelow Boulevard and University Place; directly behind is O'Hara Street.
The Memorial houses rare and one-of-a-kind exhibits that span the eras from the Civil War to the present day conflicts. Since 1963 it has operated the "Hall of Valor" to honor individual veterans from the region who went above and beyond the call of duty. Today the hall has over 600 honorees among them are Medal of Honor, The Kearny Cross, Distinguished Service Cross, Navy Cross, Air Force Cross, Silver Star and Distinguished Flying Cross winners.
The building houses an auditorium seating 2,500, a banquet hall, and meeting rooms, in addition to its museum. The expansive lawn of the memorial sits on top of an underground parking garage operated under a long-term lease by the University of Pittsburgh.
It has served as host for many city, civic, university, and business events including the April 25, 1978 Gulf Oil Corporation shareholders meeting.
- Ferdinand Foch visited the hall in 1921.
- Garner Ted Armstrong of The World Tomorrow (radio and television) spoke at The Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hall on March 25, 1978.
- Nelson Mandela spoke at the hall on Dec. 6, 1991.
- Barack Obama visited the hall in 2008.
- Donald Trump spoke at the hall on April 13, 2016.
- Kidney, Walter C. (2002). Henry Hornbostel: An Architect's Master Touch. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation & Roberts Rinehart Publishers. ISBN 1-57098-398-4.
- Toker, Franklin (1994) . Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6.
- National Park Service (2006-03-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "nris" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- "Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation: Local Historic Designations". 2002-05-01. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2009-07-11.
- "Internet Archive: Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation: PHLF Plaques & Registries". 2007-01-27. Archived from the original on 2007-01-27. Retrieved 2009-07-11.
- Black, Harry (April 26, 1978). "Cash Short Gulf Cuts People, Oil Search Budget". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
- "The Pittsburgh Press - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com.
- (PDF) http://www.herbert-armstrong.org/Worldwide%20News/WWN%201978%20(Prelim%20No%2007)%20Mar%2027.pdf. Missing or empty
- Ackerman, Jan (August 13, 2001). "Soldiers & Sailors hall winning war on neglect". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on October 6, 2012. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Soldiers and Sailors National Military Museum and Memorial.|
- SoldiersandSailorsHall.org official site
- Carnegie Library's page on the memorial
- NRHP nomination form
- Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, in the war for the suppression of the rebellion, 1861-1865 : roll of honor, defenders of the flag, attack on Fort Sumter, S.C., April 12, 1861, surrender at Appomattox, Va., April 9, 1865 Lists the names of Civil war soldiers from Allegheny County