Solberg's Cabinet

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The Solberg Cabinet was the government of the Kingdom of Norway, headed by Conservative Party leader Erna Solberg as Prime Minister from 16 October 2013 to 14 October 2021. The government was appointed by King Harald V on 16 October 2013 following the parliamentary election on 9 September, consisting of the Conservative Party and the Progress Party as a minority government. On 16 December 2015, the cabinet was re-shuffled. The government secured renewed support following the 2017 parliamentary election. It was expanded on 14 January 2018, when an agreement was reached to include the Liberal Party,[1][2] and further expanded on 22 January 2019 when the Christian Democratic Party joined the coalition. On 20 January 2020, the Progress Party announced that it would withdraw from the government, citing the decision to bring home the family of a sick child from Syria, which included the child's mother, a Norwegian citizen who had volunteered for the Islamic State.[3]

Solberg's Cabinet
Flag of Norway.svg
Cabinet of Norway
Erna Solberg - 2013-08-10 at 12-58-32.jpg
Date formed16 October 2013
Date dissolved14 October 2021
People and organisations
Head of stateHarald V of Norway
Head of governmentErna Solberg
No. of ministers20
Member partyConservative Party
Liberal Party (from 2018)
Christian Democratic Party (from 2019)
Progress Party (2013–2020)
Status in legislatureCoalition majority government
(2019–2020)
Coalition minority government
(2013–2019; 2020–2021)
History
Election(s)2013
2017
Legislature term(s)2013–2017
2017–2021
PredecessorStoltenberg's Second Cabinet
SuccessorStøre's Cabinet

On 12 October 2021, Solberg handed the government's resignation as a result of the majority against it following the 2021 election. The cabinet functioned as an interim government until the Støre Cabinet was sworn in.[4]

Parliamentary support from 2013 and majority government from 2019Edit

The Government is a centre-right coalition. At its formation in 2013, it consisted of the Conservative Party and the Progress Party, relying on parliamentary support from the Liberal Party and the Christian Democratic Party through a separate agreement giving them influence on policy.[5] The Liberal Party entered the government in January 2018, and so did the Christian Democratic Party in January 2019. The Progress Party left the coalition, the first Government in which it had participated, in January 2020.[6] From January 2018 to January 2020 the coalition held a majority in the Parliament. The government is the first in Norway since 1986 in which centre-right parties have participated in a majority coalition.

NameEdit

By convention, a Norwegian government is usually named after the Prime Minister, in casu the Solberg Cabinet. The Government, however, has officially referred to itself (until the Liberal Party's entering) as the Høyre Frp Cabinet. Informally, it is called the Blue Cabinet and even the Blue Blue Cabinet, referring to Høyre's light blue and the Progress Party's dark blue party colour, respectively.

MembersEdit

On 16 October 2013, Erna Solberg's cabinet ministers were formally appointed by King Harald V.[7]

The Cabinet had 18 ministers; two fewer than the previous Stoltenberg cabinet. It had eleven ministers from the Conservatives and seven from Progress, reflecting the parties' numerical strength in Parliament.[8]

The cabinet had nine men and nine women. Their average age on taking office was 43. Six ministers had studies in economics, four were jurists and four had studies in the humanities or social sciences.[9]

Seven ministers hailed from Western Norway,[9] including Listhaug who now represented Oslo. Seven ministers (including Listhaug) represented Eastern Norway, three ministers represented Trøndelag, one Northern Norway and one Sørlandet. Siv Jensen was the only minister who was born and grew up in Oslo.[9]

On 16 December 2015, Solberg made a cabinet reshuffle. The reshuffle increased the number of cabinet ministers from 18 to 20.

Three cabinet ministers were replaced on 20 December 2016.

On 22 January 2019, with the Christian Democratic Party entering the coalition, the government consisted of 22 ministers, the greatest number ever in a Norwegian government.

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime MinisterErna Solberg16 October 201314 October 2021 Conservative
Minister at the Office of the Prime Minister,
responsible for EEA Affairs and EU Relations,
also Chief of Staff at the Office of the Prime Minister
Vidar Helgesen16 October 201316 December 2015[n 1] Conservative
Minister of FinanceSiv Jensen16 October 201324 January 2020 Progress
Jan Tore Sanner24 January 202014 October 2021 Conservative
Minister of Local Government and ModernisationJan Tore Sanner16 October 201317 January 2018[n 2] Conservative
Monica Mæland17 January 201824 January 2020 Conservative
Nikolai Astrup24 January 202014 October 2021 Conservative
Minister of DefenceIne Marie Eriksen Søreide16 October 201320 October 2017[n 3] Conservative
Frank Bakke-Jensen20 October 201714 October 2021 Conservative
Minister of Foreign AffairsBørge Brende16 October 201320 October 2017 Conservative
Ine Marie Eriksen Søreide20 October 201714 October 2021 Conservative
Minister of Justice, Public Security and Immigration[n 4]Anders Anundsen16 October 201320 December 2016 Progress
Per-Willy Amundsen20 December 201617 January 2018 Progress
Sylvi Listhaug17 January 201820 March 2018 Progress
Tor Mikkel Wara4 April 201815 March 2019 Progress
Jøran Kallmyr29 March 201924 January 2020 Progress
Monica Mæland24 January 202014 October 2021 Conservative
Minister of Trade and IndustryMonica Mæland16 October 201317 January 2018[n 5] Conservative
Torbjørn Røe Isaksen17 January 201824 January 2020 Conservative
Iselin Nybø24 January 202014 October 2021 Liberal
Minister of Transport and CommunicationsKetil Solvik-Olsen16 October 201331 August 2018 Progress
Jon Georg Dale31 August 201824 January 2020 Progress
Knut Arild Hareide24 January 202014 October 2021 Christian Democratic
Minister of AgricultureSylvi Listhaug16 October 201316 December 2015[n 6] Progress
Jon Georg Dale16 December 201531 August 2018 Progress
Bård André Hoksrud31 August 201822 January 2019 Progress
Olaug Bollestad22 January 201914 October 2021 Christian Democratic
Minister of Fisheries and Seafood[n 7]Elisabeth Aspaker16 October 201316 December 2015[n 8] Conservative
Per Sandberg16 December 201513 August 2018 Progress
Harald T. Nesvik13 August 201824 January 2020 Progress
Geir-Inge Sivertsen24 January 20202 March 2020 Conservative
Odd Emil Ingebrigtsen13 March 202014 October 2021 Conservative
Minister of Education and ResearchTorbjørn Røe Isaksen16 October 201317 January 2018[n 9] Conservative
Jan Tore Sanner17 January 201824 January 2020 Conservative
Trine Skei Grande24 January 202013 March 2020 Liberal
Guri Melby13 March 202014 October 2021 Liberal
Minister of Higher Education and ResearchIselin Nybø17 January 201824 January 2020 Liberal
Henrik Asheim24 January 202014 October 2021 Conservative
Minister of Children, Equality and Social InclusionSolveig Horne16 October 201317 January 2018 Progress
Linda Hofstad Helleland17 January 201822 January 2019 Conservative
Minister of Children and Family AffairsKjell Ingolf Ropstad22 January 201920 September 2021 Christian Democratic
Minister of Petroleum and EnergyTord Lien16 October 201320 December 2016 Progress
Terje Søviknes20 December 201631 August 2018 Progress
Kjell-Børge Freiberg31 August 201818 December 2019 Progress
Sylvi Listhaug18 December 201924 January 2020 Progress
Tina Bru24 January 202014 October 2021 Conservative
Minister of Health and Care ServicesBent Høie16 October 201314 October 2021 Conservative
Minister of Elderly and Public HealthÅse Michaelsen17 January 20183 May 2019 Progress
Sylvi Listhaug3 May 201918 December 2019 Progress
Terje Søviknes18 December 201924 January 2020 Progress
Minister of Labour and Social AffairsRobert Eriksson16 October 201316 December 2015 Progress
Anniken Hauglie16 December 201524 January 2020 Conservative
Torbjørn Røe Isaksen24 January 202014 October 2021 Conservative
Minister of Culture and Church AffairsThorhild Widvey16 October 201316 December 2015 Conservative
Linda Hofstad Helleland16 December 201517 January 2018[n 10] Conservative
Trine Skei Grande17 January 201824 January 2020 Liberal
Abid Raja24 January 202014 October 2021 Liberal
Minister of Climate and the EnvironmentTine Sundtoft16 October 201316 December 2015 Conservative
Vidar Helgesen16 December 201517 January 2018 Conservative
Ola Elvestuen17 January 201824 January 2020 Liberal
Sveinung Rotevatn24 January 202014 October 2021 Liberal
Minister of Migration and IntegrationSylvi Listhaug16 December 201517 January 2018[n 11] Progress
Minister of European Affairs and Nordic CooperationElisabeth Aspaker16 December 201520 December 2016 Conservative
Frank Bakke-Jensen20 December 201620 October 2017[n 12] Conservative
Marit Berger Røsland20 October 201717 January 2018 Conservative
Minister of International DevelopmentNikolai Astrup17 January 201822 January 2019 Conservative
Dag Inge Ulstein22 January 201914 October 2021 Christian Democratic
Minister of Digital AffairsNikolai Astrup22 January 201924 January 2020 Conservative
Minister of Public SecurityIngvil Smines Tybring-Gjedde22 January 201924 January 2020 Progress
Minister of Regional and Digital AffairsLinda Hofstad Helleland24 January 202014 October 2021 Conservative
  1. ^ became Minister of Climate and the Environment
  2. ^ became Minister of Education and Integration
  3. ^ became Minister of Foreign Affairs
  4. ^ Minister of Migration and Integration was separate minister from 2015 to 2018
  5. ^ became Minister of Local Government and Modernisation
  6. ^ became Minister of Migration and Integration
  7. ^ until 2015 also Minister for Nordic Cooperation Affairs
  8. ^ became Minister of European Affairs and Nordic Cooperation
  9. ^ became Minister of Trade and Industry
  10. ^ became Minister of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion
  11. ^ became Minister of Justice, Public Security and Immigration
  12. ^ became Minister of Defence

State SecretariesEdit

Ministry State Secretary Period Party
Office of the Prime Minister Julie Brodtkorb - 21 April 2017 Conservative
Lars Øy Conservative
Sigbjørn Aanes Conservative
Fredrik Färber - 17 October 2014 Progress
Marit Berger Røsland 17 October 2014 - 16 December 2015 Conservative
Tore Vamraak - 19 June 2015 Conservative
Torkild Haukaas 19 June 2015 - Conservative
Ingvild Næss Stub 19 June 2015 - Conservative
Laila Bokhari - 15 August 2016 Conservative
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Bård Glad Pedersen - 18 September 2015 Conservative
Hans Brattskar - 7 August 2015 Conservative
Pål Arne Davidsen - 22 November 2013 Progress
Morten Høglund 22 November 2013 - 16 December 2015 Progress
Ingvild Næss Stub - 19 June 2015 Conservative
Elsbeth Tronstad 19 June 2015 - Conservative
Tone Skogen 7 August 2015 - Conservative
Laila Bokhari 15 August 2016 - Conservative
Tore Hattrem 18 December 2015 - 23 September 2016 Conservative
Marit Berger Røsland 23 September 2016 - 2017 Conservative
Ministry of Finance Paal Bjørnestad - 16 December 2016 Conservative
Jon Gunnar Pedersen - 19 June 2015 Conservative
Tore Vamraak 19 June 2015 - Conservative
Jørgen Næsje Progress
Ole Berget - 17 October 2014 Progress
Himanshu Gulati 17 October 2014 - Progress
Jon Georg Dale 17 October 2014 - 16 December 2015 Progress
Cecilie Brein-Karlsen 20 December 2016 - Progress
Ministry of Defence Øystein Bø Conservative
Ministry of Local Government and Modernization Paul Chaffey Conservative
Kristin Holm Jensen Conservative
Anders Bals - 28 November 2014 Conservative
Anne Karin Olli 28 November 2014 - Conservative
Jardar Jensen - 6 November 2015 Conservative
Grete Ellingsen 6 November 2015 - Conservative
Per Willy Amundsen - 20 December 2016 Progress
Ministry of Health and Care Anne Grethe Erlandsen Conservative
Lisbeth Normann Conservative
Astrid Nøklebye Heiberg - 15 April 2016 Progress
Cecilie Brein-Karlsen - 20 December 2016 Progress
Ministry of Agriculture and Food Hanne Blåfjelldal Progress
Ministry of Transport and Communications Bård Hoksrud - 5 June 2015 Progress
Reynir Johannesson 5 June 2015 - Progress
Jon Georg Dale - 17 October 2014 Progress
Tom Cato Karlsen 17 October 2014 - Progress
John-Ragnar Aarset - 16 December 2015 Conservative
Amund Drønen Ringdal 16 December 2015 – 11 May 2016 Conservative
Ministry of Trade and Fisheries Dilek Ayhan Conservative
Eirik Lae Solberg – 3 April 2014 Conservative
Lars Jacob Hiim 3 April 2014 – Conservative
Amund Drønen Ringdal – 16 December 2015 Conservative
Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs Torkil Åmland – 16 December 2015 Progress
Kristian Dahlberg Hauge – 29 April 2016 Progress
Thor Kleppen Sættem 25 October 2013 – 20 December 2016 Conservative
Christl Kvam 2015 – Conservative
Ministry of Culture Knut Olav Åmås - 6 June 2014 Conservative
Bjørgulv Vinje Borgundvaag 6 June 2014 - 8 January 2016 Conservative
Himanshu Gulati 15 January 2016 - Progress
Ministry of the Environment Lars Andreas Lunde Conservative
Ministry of Petroleum and Energy Kåre Fostervold - 23 October 2015 Progress
Kjell-Børge Freiberg 23 October 2015 - Progress
Ministry of Justice Himanshu Gulati - 17 October 2014 Progress
Jøran Kallmyr 17 October 2014 - 19 February 2016 Progress
Vidar Brein-Karlsen Progress
Hans J. Røsjorde 25 October 2013 - 19 June 2015 Progress
Gjermund Hagesæter 19 June 2015 - 20 December 2016 Progress
Thor Kleppen Sættem 20 December 2016 – Conservative
Marit Berger Røsland 16 December 2015 - 23 September 2016 Conservative
Torkil Åmland 29 September 2017 - Progress
Toril Charlotte Ulleberg Reynolds 1 October 2017 - Progress
Knut Morten Johansen 17 January 2018 - Progress
Sveinung Rotevatn 17 January 2018 - Liberal
Ministry of Children and Social Inclusion Maria Hoff Aanes - 17 October 2014 Progress
Kai-Morten Terning 17 October 2014 - Progress
Ida Krag 26 November 2015 - 6 January 2016
(acting)
Progress
Jøran Kallmyr 16 December 2015 - 19 February 2016 Progress
Marit Berger Røsland 16 December 2015 - 1 April 2016 Conservative
Vidar Brein-Karlsen 19 February 2016 - 1 April 2016 Progress
Ministry of Education Bjørn Haugstad Conservative
Birgitte Jordahl 25 October 2013 – 12 August 2016 Conservative

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Norway's Liberals to join Conservative-led government". Reuters. 14 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Solberg Solidifies Grip on Norway as Liberals Join Government". Bloomberg News. 14 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Fremskrittspartiet trekker seg fra regjeringen". Aftenposten. 20 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Statsminister Erna Solberg om sin avskjed: – Jeg er stolt" (in Norwegian). NRK. 12 October 2021. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  5. ^ Conservative Party and Progress Party to form a coalition government. 2013-09-30 Aftenposten
  6. ^ Norway PM Loses Majority After Populist Partner Quits. 2020-01-20 Bloomberg News
  7. ^ Official news release from the Cabinet 16 October 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  8. ^ NTB (14 October 2013)Frp får landbruksministeren Aftenposten. Retrieved 17 October 2013 (in Norwegian)
  9. ^ a b c John Olav Egeland (16 October 2013) En regjering for markedsstaten Aftenposten. Retrieved 17 October 2013 (in Norwegian)