Solar eclipse of January 3, 1908

A total solar eclipse occurred on January 3, 1908. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. Totality was visible from Ebon Atoll in German New Guinea (now in Marshall Islands), British Western Pacific Territories (the part now belonging to Kiribati), Line Islands (now in Kiribati), Phoenix Islands (now in Kiribati) on January 4th (Saturday), and Costa Rica on January 3rd (Friday). The green line means eclipse begins or ends at sunrise or sunset. The magenta line means mid eclipse at sunrise or sunset, or northern or southern penumbra limits. The green point means eclipse obscuration of 50%. The blue line means umbral northern and southern limits.

Solar eclipse of January 3, 1908
SE1908Jan03T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
NatureTotal
Gamma0.1934
Magnitude1.0437
Maximum eclipse
Duration254 sec (4 m 14 s)
Coordinates11°48′S 145°06′W / 11.8°S 145.1°W / -11.8; -145.1
Max. width of band149 km (93 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse21:45:22
References
Saros130 (46 of 73)
Catalog # (SE5000)9299

ObservationsEdit

The eclipse was observed by astronomer William Wallace Campbell of Lick Observatory, viewed from Flint Island, Kiribati:[1]

 

Related eclipsesEdit

Solar eclipses 1906–1909Edit

This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.[2]

Solar eclipse series sets from 1906–1909
Ascending node   Descending node
115 July 21, 1906
 
Partial
120 January 14, 1907
 
Total
125 July 10, 1907
 
Annular
130 January 3, 1908
 
Total
135 June 28, 1908
 
Annular
140 December 23, 1908
 
Hybrid
145 June 17, 1909
 
Hybrid
150 December 12, 1909
 
Partial

Saros 130Edit

This eclipse is a part of Saros cycle 130, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 73 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on August 20, 1096. It contains total eclipses from April 5, 1475 through July 18, 2232. There are no annular eclipses in the series. The series ends at member 73 as a partial eclipse on October 25, 2394. The longest duration of totality was 6 minutes, 41 seconds on July 11, 1619. All eclipses in this series occurs at the Moon’s descending node.[3]

Series members 43–56 between 1853 and 2300
43 44 45
 
November 30, 1853
 
December 12, 1871
 
December 22, 1889
46 47 48
 
January 3, 1908
 
January 14, 1926
 
January 25, 1944
49 50 51
 
February 5, 1962
 
February 16, 1980
 
February 26, 1998
52 53 54
 
March 9, 2016
 
March 20, 2034
 
March 30, 2052
55 56 57
 
April 11, 2070
 
April 21, 2088
 
May 3, 2106
58 59 60
 
May 14, 2124
 
May 25, 2142
 
June 4, 2160
61 62 63
 
June 16, 2178
 
June 26, 2196
 
July 8, 2214
64 65 66
 
July 18, 2232
 
July 30, 2250
 
August 9, 2268
67
 
August 20, 2286

Inex seriesEdit

This eclipse is a part of the long period inex cycle, repeating at alternating nodes, every 358 synodic months (≈ 10,571.95 days, or 29 years minus 20 days). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee). However, groupings of 3 inex cycles (≈ 87 years minus 2 months) comes close (≈ 1,151.02 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Powerhouse Museum. "Solar Eclipse, Flint Island, Kiribati, 1908". Powerhouse Museum, Australia. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  2. ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Saros Series catalog of solar eclipses". NASA.

ReferencesEdit