A total solar eclipse occurred on January 22, 1898. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. It was visible across central Africa, and into India and Asia.
|Solar eclipse of January 22, 1898|
|Type of eclipse|
|Duration||141 sec (2 m 21 s)|
|Max. width of band||96 km (60 mi)|
|Saros||139 (23 of 71)|
|Catalog # (SE5000)||9275|
1.5 second exposure
9 second exposure
Wide view of streamers with the planet Venus
There were two organised expeditions to India to observe this eclipse. One was from the British Astronomical Association and the other was led by K D Naegamvala of the Maharaja Taihtasingji Observatory.
It is part of solar Saros 139.
- British Astronomical Association, London; Maunder, Edward Walter (1899). The Indian eclipse, 1898; report of the expeditions organized by the British Astronomical Association to observe the total solar eclipse of 1898, January 22. Gerstein - University of Toronto. London Hazell, Watson, and Winey.
- Naegamvala, kavasji Dadabhai (1902). Report On The Total Solar Eclipse Of January 21-22,1898 As Observed At Jeur In Western India.
- NASA graphic
- Mabel Loomis Todd (1900). Total Eclipses of the Sun. Little, Brown.
- The Indian eclipse, 1898 : report of the expeditions organized by the British Astronomical Association to observe the total solar eclipse of 1898 January 22 / edited by E. Walter Maunder.
- Edward Walter Maunder, British Astronomical Association (1899). The Indian Eclipse, 1898: Report of the Expeditions Organized by the British Astronomical Association to Observe the Total Solar Eclipse of 1898 January 22. Hazell, Watson, and Viney.
- Photo of Solar Corona January 22, 1898
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