Solar eclipse of April 30, 2060

A total solar eclipse will occur on Friday, April 30, 2060. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide.

Solar eclipse of April 30, 2060
Map
Type of eclipse
NatureTotal
Gamma0.2422
Magnitude1.066
Maximum eclipse
Duration315 s (5 min 15 s)
Coordinates28°00′N 20°54′E / 28°N 20.9°E / 28; 20.9
Max. width of band222 km (138 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse10:10:00
References
Saros139 (32 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000)9642

Related eclipses edit

Solar eclipses 2059–2061 edit

This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.[1]

Solar eclipses 2059 to 2061
119 May 22, 2058
 
Partial
124 November 16, 2058
 
Partial
129 May 11, 2059
 
Total
134 November 5, 2059
 
Annular
139 April 30, 2060
 
Total
144 October 24, 2060
 
Annular
149 April 20, 2061
 
Total
154 October 13, 2061
 
Annular

Saros 139 edit

This eclipse is a member of saros series 139, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, 8 hours, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on May 17, 1501. It contains hybrid eclipses on August 11, 1627, through to December 9, 1825; and total eclipses from December 21, 1843, through to March 26, 2601. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 3, 2763. Its eclipses are tabulated in three columns; every third eclipse in the same column is one exeligmos apart, so they all cast shadows over approximately the same parts of the Earth.

The solar eclipse of June 13, 2132, will be the longest total solar eclipse since July 11, 1991, at 6 minutes, 55.02 seconds.

The longest duration of totality will be produced by member 39 at 7 minutes, 29.22 seconds on July 16, 2186.[2] After that date, the durations of totality will decrease until the series ends. This date is the longest solar eclipse computed between 4000 BC and AD 6000.[3] Saros series eclipses occur during the Moon's ascending node (a term related to our equator and polar-naming conventions).

Series members 24–45 occur between 1901 and 2300
24 25 26
 
February 3, 1916
 
February 14, 1934
 
February 25, 1952
27 28 29
 
March 7, 1970
 
March 18, 1988
 
March 29, 2006
30 31 32
 
April 8, 2024
 
April 20, 2042
 
April 30, 2060
33 34 35
 
May 11, 2078
 
May 22, 2096
 
June 3, 2114
36 37 38
 
June 13, 2132
 
June 25, 2150
 
July 5, 2168
39 40 41
 
July 16, 2186
 
July 27, 2204
 
August 8, 2222
42 43 44
 
August 18, 2240
 
August 29, 2258
 
September 9, 2276
45
 
September 20, 2294

Metonic series edit

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days). All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's ascending node.

Notes edit

  1. ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  2. ^ Saros Series Catalog of Solar Eclipses NASA Eclipse Web Site.
  3. ^ Ten Millennium Catalog of Long Solar Eclipses, −3999 to +6000 (4000 BCE to 6000 CE) Fred Espenak.

References edit