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Solanum lasiocarpum, synonym Solanum ferox L., otherwise known as Indian nightshade[citation needed] or hairy-fruited eggplant,[2] is a plant that produces edible fruit. Its flowers are white and its fruits are pale yellow.

Solanum lasiocarpum
Solanum lasiocarpum.jpg
A drawling of Solanum lasiocarpum.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species:
S. lasiocarpum
Binomial name
Solanum lasiocarpum
Synonyms[1]
  • Solanum ferox L.
  • Solanum hirsutum Roxb.
  • Solanum immane Hance ex Walp.
  • Solanum lasiocarpum var. domesticum Heiser
  • Solanum quadriloculare Spreng.
  • Solanum stramoniifolium Pav. ex Dunal
  • Solanum zeylanicum Blanco

S. lasiocarpum is found wild in parts of temperate and tropical Asia: the Andaman Islands, Sri Lanka, Indochina, south China, Taiwan, much of Malesia, Papuasia and Queensland, Australia.[1] In other countries it is primarily known as a domesticated plant. Domesticated plants bear larger fruits and lack the prickly skin that is found in the wild plants. The color found in the center of fruit is light green, like that of Solanum quitoense. It's cultivated in tropical Asia, used in food additives for flavoring, and given to the sick as a folk medicine.[3] In India, the locals use the fruit as a sour-relish in curries. In Thailand, a special kind of sauce called nam prek is made with the fruit.[4]

Solanum lasiocarpum is of interest to botanists because of its strong resemblance to, and apparent close relation to South American species, the cocona (S. sessiliflorum), the naranjilla (S. quitoense), and the pseudolulo (S. pseudolulo) in particular. When grown outside of their native range, all four of those plants will readily hybridize, producing sterile offspring. This has some potential to enhance the commercial viability of each of those species elsewhere in the world.[5]

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Solanum lasiocarpum Dunal". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2019-01-26.
  2. ^ Porcher, Michel H. "Know Your Eggplants". Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database. University of Melbourne. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Solanum lasiocarpum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  4. ^ William G. D'Arcy, ed. (1986). Solanaceae, biology and systematics. ISBN 0-231-05780-6.
  5. ^ Solanum lasiocarpum