Socorro is a city in El Paso County, Texas, United States. It is located on the north bank of the Rio Grande southeast of El Paso, and on the border of Mexico. El Paso adjoins it on the west and the smaller city of San Elizario on the southeast; small unincorporated areas of El Paso County separate it from the nearby municipalities of Horizon City to the north and Clint to the east. As of the 2020 census, the city population was 34,306. By the 2010 census, the number had grown to 32,013.[6] As of July 1, 2019, the population estimate for the city from the U.S. Census was 34,370.[7] It is part of the El Paso Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is El Paso County's second-largest municipality, after El Paso. It has a council-manager type of government with five city council members. Socorro is the 93rd-largest community in Texas.

Socorro, Texas
City with a Mission
Location of Socorro, Texas
Location of Socorro, Texas
Coordinates: 31°39′33.64″N 106°18′12.55″W / 31.6593444°N 106.3034861°W / 31.6593444; -106.3034861
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
CountyEl Paso
Incorporated1985 (first incorporated 1871)
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorIvy Avalos [1][2]
 • City ManagerAdriana Rodarte [2]
 • Total21.97 sq mi (56.90 km2)
 • Land21.95 sq mi (56.84 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
3,661 ft (1,116 m)
 • Total34,306
 • Density1,566.05/sq mi (604.65/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
Area code915
FIPS code48-68636[4]
GNIS feature ID1388220[5]



Socorro is located at 31°38′29″N 106°16′29″W / 31.64139°N 106.27472°W / 31.64139; -106.27472 (31.641340, −106.274756).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.06 square miles (57.13 km2), of 0.023 square miles (0.06 km2), or 0.10%, is covered by water.[9]



Socorro was established in 1680 by local Manso and Piro Indians fleeing the Pueblo Revolt in northern New Mexico.[10] It took its name from Socorro, the town in central New Mexico from which the Piros had originated, which had been given the name Socorro (Spanish for "aid" or "succor") by the Spaniards due to the helpful attitude of the Piro toward the Spaniards at the time of first contact. The probable date of a Mass celebrated in the mission church of Nuestra Señora de la Limpia Concepción del Socorro, October 13, 1680, is regarded as the founding date of the city in Texas, called Socorro, established by the Spaniards and the Piro they brought south with them from New Mexico during the Pueblo Revolt.[11] Socorro was first incorporated in 1871, and was reincorporated in 1985 in response to an annexation attempt from neighboring El Paso.[10]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2020 census

Socorro racial composition[14]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 741 2.16%
Black or African American (NH) 77 0.22%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 221 0.64%
Asian (NH) 37 0.11%
Pacific Islander (NH) 7 0.02%
Some Other Race (NH) 49 0.14%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 76 0.22%
Hispanic or Latino 33,098 96.48%
Total 34,306

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 34,306 people, 9,964 households, and 8,442 families residing in the city. Socorro's population makes it the 93rd-largest city in Texas, or bigger than 94% of all Texas cities.[7] From 2010 to 2020, the Socorro city population growth percentage was 7.2% (or from 32,013 people to 34,306 people).

2010 census


As of the census of 2010, 8,792 households and 7,703 families were residing in the city. The population density was 1,453.2 people/sq mi (560.9/km2). The 9,313 housing units had an average density of 422.7 per square mile (163.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.3% White, 0.2% African American, 1.6% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 2.9% from some other race, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 96.7% of the population.[17]

Of the 8,792 households, 56.5% had children under 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.4% were not families. About 10.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.5% were someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 3.64, and the average family size was 3.93.[17]

In the city, age distribution was 32.5% under 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 or older. The median age was 29.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.[17]

For the period 2009–2011, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $30,014, and for a family was $30,998. Males had a median income of $26,239 versus $20,189 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,455. About 29.3% of families and 32.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.4% of those under age 18 and 29.2% of those age 65 or over.[18]



Socorro is a city of sales and office employees, construction workers, builders, and service providers.[citation needed]

Points of interest


Bulldog Championship Park includes a splash park, an amphitheater, walking trails, and a pond.

Socorro Mission is a Franciscan mission built around 1840 to serve the Native American population in the area. The white adobe mission is a registered Texas historic landmark and one of three missions on the historic Mission Trail. In the mission stands a $300,000 replica of the Pieta. It is one of only 112 authorized replicas of the Pieta, finished by artist Michelangelo in 1499, which can be found in St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City.

Socorro Entertainment Center is a Native American entertainment and concert venue. Past and upcoming concerts include national acts such as Counting Crows, Gipsy Kings, KC and the Sunshine Band, BB King, Everclear, Soul Asylum, and Toad the Wet Sprocket.

The city of Socorro was ranked the 22nd-most exciting city in Texas by Movoto in 2014.[19]

  • Socorro Entertainment Center[20]
  • Fiesta de San Miguel—Socorro Mission La Purisima—annual bazaar held in September with live music, dancing, food, drinks, games and rides



Bulldog Championship Park,[21] the newest park in El Paso County, contains about 6.25 acres, and is located in the City of Socorro. Park amenities include an amphitheater, pavilions, a splash playground, playgrounds, detention pond, walking trails, and over 90 parking spaces.[22]

Other parks include:

  • Amistad Park
  • Cougar Park
  • Mauro Rosas Park
  • Moon City Park
  • Paradize Park
  • Rio Bosque Wetlands Park
  • Rio Vista Park
  • Silvestre Reyes Park
  • Valle Hermoso Park



The city of Socorro operates under a council–manager government. Citizens are represented on the city council by six elected members—the mayor and five city council members. The city council is responsible for setting policy and enacting ordinances for the benefit of the residents and businesses in Socorro. The city manager is responsible for the strategic management of the operating and administrative services and for executing the policies and laws of the council. The city manager oversees the provision of services, including police, public works, human resources, accounting/purchasing, and planning and zoning.

Current City Council members are:

  • Mayor: Ivy Avalos
  • District 1: Cesar Nevarez
  • District 2: Alejandro Garcia
  • District 3: Rudy Cruz JR.
  • District 4: Yvonne Colon-Villalobos
  • At-large: Ruben Reyes
  • City Manager: Adriana Rodarte

Council members are elected to a four-year, staggered term.

The city maintains a police department of about 27 officers and a dozen civilian employees.[23]



Socorro High School won the 5A Texas state baseball championship in 2009.



Most of Socorro lies within the Socorro Independent School District, with northeast Socorro, including recently annexed areas[citation needed] north of Interstate 10 and between Interstate 10 and Clint, lying within the Clint Independent School District.[24] The following schools, all in the Socorro Independent School District, serve the city of Socorro:

Zoned elementary schools:[25]

  • Escontrias Elementary School
  • H.D. Hilley Elementary School
  • Hueco Elementary School
  • Robert R. Rojas Elementary School
  • Ernesto Serna Elementary-Intermediate School
  • Campestre Elementary School

The zoned middle schools are: Socorro Middle School, Salvador H. Sanchez Middle School, and Ernesto Serna Elementary-Intermediate School.[26]

The sole zoned high school is Socorro High School.[27]

Other Socorro ISD schools include: Escontrias Early Childhood and KEYS Elementary Academy.[28]

The part of Socorro within the Clint Independent School District is zoned to Clint High School, Clint Junior High School, and Surratt Elementary School, all in Clint.

See also



  1. ^ "Elected Officials Socorro TX".
  2. ^ a b "City Council and City Manager – City of Socorro Texas". Archived from the original on May 19, 2020. Retrieved August 28, 2017.
  3. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  4. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "SOCORRO – Texas Almanac". November 22, 2010. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
  7. ^ a b c "2020 United States Census Quickfacts". Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  9. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Socorro city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
  10. ^ a b DONELL, KOHOUT, MARTIN (June 15, 2010). "SOCORRO, TX". Retrieved March 5, 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ S.J., BURRUS, ERNEST J. (June 15, 2010). "NUESTRA SENORA DE LA LIMPIA CONCEPCION DEL SOCORRO MISSION". Retrieved March 5, 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved May 19, 2022.
  15. ^ [not specific enough to verify]
  16. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  17. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Socorro city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
  18. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2009–2011 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates (DP03): Socorro city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
  19. ^ "These Are The 10 Most Exciting Places In Texas". Movoto Blog. April 22, 2014. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
  20. ^ Socorro Entertainment Center
  21. ^ Bulldog Championship Park
  22. ^ "Bulldog Championship Park | City of Socorro". Archived from the original on May 13, 2014. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
  23. ^ "4 Socorro officers, dispatcher arrested are identified (updated with mug shots)", by Aileen Flores, El Paso Times, 1 November 2012
  24. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: El Paso County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2022. - See block map
  25. ^ "SISD Elementary School Attendance Boundaries". Socorro Independent School District. Retrieved July 4, 2022. - Zoom on ES zones
  26. ^ "SISD Middle School Attendance Boundaries". Socorro Independent School District. Retrieved July 4, 2022. - Zoom on MS zones
  27. ^ "SISD High School Attendance Boundaries". Socorro Independent School District. Retrieved July 4, 2022. - Zoom on the Socorro HS Zone.
  28. ^ "Elementary Schools". Socorro Independent School District. Retrieved July 4, 2022. Escontrias Early Childhood 10400 Alameda Ave. Socorro, TX 79927 [...] KEYS Elementary Academy 205 Buford Rd., Socorro, TX 79927
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[15][16]