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Socialism (disambiguation)

Socialism is a political philosophy and economic system based on the social ownership and control of the means of production; as well as the political and economic theories, ideologies and movements that aim to establish a socialist system.

Socialism may also refer to:

  • Scientific socialism, a method of analysis pioneered by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels used to analyze capitalism where socialism is postulated to emerge from capitalist development; became widely known as Marxism in the late 19th century
  • Socialist mode of production, a more specific concept of socialist organization articulated by Marxist theory
  • Socialist Party, capital-s "Socialism", the policies and practices of titular Socialist parties irrespective of whether or not they adhere to a socialist ideology or system;
  • Socialist state, a country governed by a socialist party with the constitutional aim of constructing socialism
  • Real socialism, a phrase used to refer to the Soviet-type planned economies in the former Soviet Union and Eastern bloc