Socialism is a political philosophy and economic system based on the social ownership and control of the means of production; as well as the political and economic theories, ideologies and movements that aim to establish a socialist system.
Socialism may also refer to:
- Scientific socialism, a method of analysis pioneered by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels used to analyze capitalism where socialism is postulated to emerge from capitalist development; became widely known as Marxism in the late 19th century
- Socialist mode of production, a more specific concept of socialist organization articulated by Marxist theory
- Socialist Party, capital-s "Socialism", the policies and practices of titular Socialist parties irrespective of whether or not they adhere to a socialist ideology or system;
- Socialist Party (disambiguation), variations on the above
- Socialist state, a country governed by a socialist party with the constitutional aim of constructing socialism
- Real socialism, a phrase used to refer to the Soviet-type planned economies in the former Soviet Union and Eastern bloc
- Socialism, a book by John Stuart Mill
- Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis, a book by Ludwig von Mises
- Socialism: Utopian and Scientific, an essay by Friedrich Engels
- Whither Socialism?, a book on economics by Joseph Stiglitz first published in 1994
- Film Socialisme, a 2010 film directed by Jean-Luc Godard
- SOCiALiSM, a 2017 single released by the Japanese idol group BiS
| This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Socialism.
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