Social Democratic Party (Brazil, 2011)

The Social Democratic Party (Portuguese: Partido Social Democrático, PSD) is a political party in Brazil led by Gilberto Kassab and uniting dissidents from various political parties, especially the Democrats, Brazilian Social Democracy Party and Progressive Party.[4] The PSD supported the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff.[5]

Social Democratic Party
Partido Social Democrático
PresidentAlfredo Cotait Neto
FounderGilberto Kassab
FoundedMarch 21, 2011 (2011-03-21)
Split fromDemocrats
IdeologySocial liberalism
Political positionCentre
Radical centrism[2][3]
Colours    Blue, Green, & Yellow
TSE Identification Number55
Chamber of Deputies
35 / 513
Federal Senate
11 / 81
City Councillors
5,694 / 56,810

History and ideologyEdit

The party, founded in 2011 by São Paulo mayor Gilberto Kassab, was criticized by members of the opposition political parties, primarily the Democrats (DEM), as supporting the government. Many Democrats members accused the PSD of being created by Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to destroy the DEM and deliver on a promise made to Workers' Party (PT) supporters to "exterminate the DEM from the Brazilian political scenario".[6] The party was criticized for having a vague program, making references to economic freedom, political reform and welfare, and being hard to differentiate from other political parties except those on the hard left. According to Kassab, "We are neither a right-wing party nor a left-wing nor a centrist party".[7]

In many Brazilian states, the PSD took a liberal stance on economics and had good election results. The party has good relationships with major political parties such as the social democratic Brazilian Socialist Party, the national conservative Progressive Party, the centrist Brazilian Labour Party, the Christian democratic Brazilian Republican Party and the progressive Citizenship. Since its inception, the party has been associated with fusions with other parties, primarily the PP and PSB. It has endured on the Brazilian political scene, and has more representation than any political party other than the major ones. The party chaired the Finance Ministry of Brazil in Michel Temer's government, and is a major force in Brazilian politics.

However, in the state of Bahia, the party is a long-term partner of the major left-wing Workers' Party, having the running mate in the gubernatorial tickets of Rui Costa and each party supporting the other in the senate elections, with Otto Alencar and Angelo Coronel being the senators of Bahia together with the Petista Jaques Wagner

PSD elected several senators and some governors in the Brazilian Centro-Sul region in 2018, with the support of Jair Bolsonaro.


  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "Esquerda perde prefeitos, e centrão cresce em janela partidária antes da eleição". Folha de S.Paulo. July 8, 2020.
  3. ^ "Gilberto Kassab: PSD terá candidatura própria em 2022". 1 June 2020. Retrieved 2020-12-24.
  4. ^ "Kassab funda PSD com promessa de apoio a Dilma". Folha de S. Paulo. April 14, 2011.
  5. ^ "Dois senadores do PR votaram contra impeachment". Correio do Lago (in Portuguese). 12 May 2016.
  6. ^ "'Precisamos extirpar o DEM da política brasileira', afirma Lula". Eleições 2010 (in Portuguese). 2010-09-13. Retrieved 2018-10-11.
  7. ^ "Kassab: PSD não será 'nem esquerda, direita ou centro' - Política". Estadão.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
55 – SDP (PSD)
Succeeded by