Smolensk North Airport

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Smolensk North Airport (IATA: LNX, ICAO: UUBS) (Russian: военный аэродром "Смоленск-Северный", "Smolensk North Military Aerodrome") is a decommissioned military airbase in Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located 4 km north of the city of Smolensk. It is now used as Smolensk's sole airport for civil and military flights.[2] It has a remote revetment area with 8 pads and a Yakovlev factory at the southeast side of the airfield, the Smolensk Aviation Plant.

Smolensk North Airport
Smolensk-Severnyi entrance.JPG
Summary
Airport typeMilitary and civilian
OperatorRussian Air Force
LocationSmolensk
Time zoneUTC+4 (+4)
Elevation AMSL820 ft / 250 m
Coordinates54°49′30″N 032°1′30″E / 54.82500°N 32.02500°E / 54.82500; 32.02500Coordinates: 54°49′30″N 032°1′30″E / 54.82500°N 32.02500°E / 54.82500; 32.02500
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
08/26 8,202 2,500 Concrete

The airport was originally built in the 1920s, and it eventually became a class 1 airfield with a runway 2500 m long and 49 m wide, capable of handling planes over 75 tons in weight.[3]

Prior to 1991, it was home to the 401 IAP (401st Interceptor Aviation Regiment,[3] disbanded around 1990), flying MiG-23P aircraft, and the 871 IAP, flying MiG-23 and Su-27.

From 1946[3] until 2009, the base hosted an airlift unit, the 103 Gv VTAP (103rd Guards Military Air Transport Regiment, full name in Russian: 103-й гвардейский Красносельский Краснознамённый военно-транспортный авиационный полк имени Героя Советского Союза В. С. Гризодубовой),[4] flying Ilyushin Il-76 jets.[5][6] At one point, about 28 Il-76 aircraft were based there.

The regiment was disbanded in late 2009, and since then there have been no active units at the base except for a small airbase command post.[4]

The airfield has been functioning in part as a civilian airport since October 2009.[3]

On August 15, 2014, by order of the Government of the Russian Federation, the airfield was transferred from the state to the experimental one and under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation.[7] (In fact, the transfer of the airfield began in 2019).

Military radar type RSP-6M, similar to the one used at Smolensk North Airport

Accidents and incidentsEdit

A Polish government Tu-154M Lux carrying President Lech Kaczyński, his wife, and an official delegation crashed during the final approach to the airport on 10 April 2010. All 96 aboard perished.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b [1]
  2. ^ Questions loom over disastrous Polish presidential flight.
  3. ^ a b c d "Аэродром Смоленск-Северный". "Kommersant". 2010-04-12. Retrieved 2010-04-12.
  4. ^ a b "Эксперт: На пилотов самолета с польским президентом могло оказываться давление". REGNUM News Agency. 2010-04-10. Retrieved 2010-04-11.
  5. ^ "37 Vozdushnaya Armiya VGK". Brinkster.com.
  6. ^ Butowski, Pyotr (2004). Air Power Analysis: Russian Federation. AIRtime Publishing, Inc.
  7. ^ "Распоряжение Правительства РФ от 15 августа 2014 г. N 1536-р О внесении изменений в распоряжение Правительства РФ от 10 августа 2007 г. N 1034-р". www.garant.ru. Retrieved 2020-07-17.
  8. ^ Golloher, Jessica (10 April 2010) "Polish President, 95 Others Killed in Plane Crash ", VOA News, 10 April 2010, Retrieved April 10, 2010

External linksEdit