Słubice

  (Redirected from Slubice, Poland)

Słubice [swuˈbʲit͡sɛ] is a border town in the Lubusz Voivodeship, in western Poland. Located on the Oder river, it lies directly opposite the city of Frankfurt (Oder) in Germany, which it was a part of as Dammvorstadt[2] until 1945. As of 2019, the town had a population of 16,705, with an urban agglomeration of Słubice-Frankfurt counting 85,000 inhabitants. Previously located in the Gorzów Wielkopolski Voivodeship (1975–1998), the town is currently the capital of Słubice County and the administrative seat of the Gmina Słubice. It is part of the historical region of Lubusz Land.

Słubice
Aerial view of the town
Pedestrian zone in the town center
Church of the Holy Virgin Mary The Queen of Poland
Flag of Słubice
Coat of arms of Słubice
Słubice is located in Lubusz Voivodeship
Słubice
Słubice
Location of Słubice in Lubusz Voivodeship
Słubice is located in Poland
Słubice
Słubice
Location of Słubice in Poland
Coordinates: 52°21′N 14°34′E / 52.350°N 14.567°E / 52.350; 14.567Coordinates: 52°21′N 14°34′E / 52.350°N 14.567°E / 52.350; 14.567
Country Poland
Voivodeship Lubusz
CountySłubice
GminaSłubice
Established12th century
Town rights1945 (1253 Frankfurt (Oder))
Government
 • MayorMariusz Olejniczak
Area
 • Total19.2 km2 (7.4 sq mi)
Elevation
160 m (520 ft)
Population
 (2019-06-30[1])
 • Total16,705
 • Density870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
69-100 to 69-102
Area code(s)+48 95
Car platesFSL
Websitehttp://www.slubice.pl

HistoryEdit

 
Frankfurt with eastern bridgehead (above), 1701

The name is a modern Polish restored version of Zliwitz, a West Slavic settlement east of the Brandendamm causeway across the Oder, mentioned in Frankfurt's city charter of 1253.[3] Until 1249 it was part of the Polish Lubusz Land, which since 1138 in different periods formed part of the Greater Polish or Silesian provinces of then fragmented Poland. In 1225 Zliwitz was granted staple rights by Henry the Bearded. The Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg had purchased the Lubusz Land from the Silesian Duke Bolesław II the Bald in 1249. After a war broke out over control of the region in 1319, the area came under the control of the Duchy of Pomerania. In 1319 Wartislaw IV, Duke of Pomerania granted new privileges to the town of Frankfurt (Oder), which today's Słubice was already part of.[4] The area fell again to Brandenburg in 1324. Between 1373 and 1415 it was part of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown (or the Czech Lands), ruled by the Luxembourg dynasty.

 
Pre-Schengen passport stamp

Słubice is closely linked to its German sister city Frankfurt (Oder), of which it was a part until 1945. The two cities have been forced apart by the drawing of the Oder–Neisse line, which drew the Polish-German border through the city. The two cities share many urban amenities and collaborate on various projects, such as a wastewater treatment plant in Słubice that serves both towns, as well as the Collegium Polonicum extension of some of the Viadrina European University's departments on the Polish side of the border. Furthermore, Słubice is part of a special Słubice-Kostrzyn Economic Zone.

ClimateEdit

Słubice has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb).[5][6]

Climate data for Słubice (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1951–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.2
(59.4)
19.4
(66.9)
24.6
(76.3)
31.6
(88.9)
32.6
(90.7)
37.6
(99.7)
39.5
(103.1)
38.7
(101.7)
33.0
(91.4)
28.6
(83.5)
20.6
(69.1)
15.8
(60.4)
39.5
(103.1)
Average high °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
5.1
(41.2)
9.2
(48.6)
15.6
(60.1)
20.1
(68.2)
23.2
(73.8)
25.4
(77.7)
25.2
(77.4)
20.1
(68.2)
14.2
(57.6)
7.8
(46.0)
4.2
(39.6)
14.5
(58.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
1.4
(34.5)
4.4
(39.9)
9.5
(49.1)
14.1
(57.4)
17.4
(63.3)
19.4
(66.9)
18.9
(66.0)
14.2
(57.6)
9.4
(48.9)
4.7
(40.5)
1.6
(34.9)
9.6
(49.3)
Average low °C (°F) −2.3
(27.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
0.3
(32.5)
3.6
(38.5)
7.9
(46.2)
11.4
(52.5)
13.5
(56.3)
13.0
(55.4)
9.3
(48.7)
5.5
(41.9)
1.9
(35.4)
−0.9
(30.4)
5.1
(41.2)
Record low °C (°F) −28.9
(−20.0)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−25.3
(−13.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
−4.8
(23.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
2.6
(36.7)
1.4
(34.5)
−3.8
(25.2)
−9.1
(15.6)
−15.2
(4.6)
−24.3
(−11.7)
−29.4
(−20.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40.7
(1.60)
33.7
(1.33)
39.1
(1.54)
29.8
(1.17)
54.9
(2.16)
50.5
(1.99)
86.5
(3.41)
58.1
(2.29)
48.4
(1.91)
37.0
(1.46)
37.5
(1.48)
40.8
(1.61)
557.0
(21.93)
Average extreme snow depth cm (inches) 3.1
(1.2)
3.5
(1.4)
2.1
(0.8)
0.4
(0.2)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.9
(0.4)
2.9
(1.1)
3.5
(1.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 16.60 14.40 13.93 11.33 12.97 12.80 13.83 11.90 11.63 13.70 13.87 16.13 163.10
Average snowy days (≥ 0 cm) 7.6 7.4 2.9 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 4.6 23.8
Average relative humidity (%) 86.0 81.9 76.5 68.4 69.4 69.7 71.4 72.4 78.4 83.6 87.9 87.4 77.8
Source 1: Institute of Meteorology and Water Management[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]
Source 2: Meteomodel.pl (records, relative humidity 1991–2020)[15][16][17]


CultureEdit

Słubice was the setting for the 2003 film Distant Lights (Lichter) as well as for scenes in the 2002 film Grill Point.

On October 22, 2014, a monument to Wikipedia editors by Mihran Hakobyan was unveiled in the town, the first such honoring of the worldwide Wikipedian community.[18]

TransportEdit

The National roads 29 and 31, and the Voivodeship road 137 run through the town, and the A2 motorway, part of the European route E30, runs nearby, south of the town.

CuisineEdit

The officially protected traditional food of Słubice and the county is schab tradycyjny słubicki, a local type of smoked schab (pork loin), a popular traditional Christmas dish in the area (as designated by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Poland).[19]

SportsEdit

Polonia Słubice football club is based in Słubice. Polonia's home ground is the OSiR Stadium.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

See twin towns of Gmina Słubice.

GalleryEdit

150°-panorama of Słubice city centre

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Statistics Poland. 2019-10-15. Retrieved 2020-03-26.
  2. ^ M. Kaemmerer (2004). Ortsnamenverzeichnis der Ortschaften jenseits von Oder u. Neiße (in German). ISBN 3-7921-0368-0.
  3. ^ "Einleitung".
  4. ^ Edward Rymar, Rywalizacja o ziemię lubuską i kasztelanię międzyrzecką, "Śląski Kwartalnik Historyczny Sobótka", Nr 4/1979, p. 481 (in Polish)
  5. ^ Kottek, Markus; Grieser, Jürgen; Beck, Christoph; Rudolf, Bruno; Rubel, Franz (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated" (PDF). Meteorologische Zeitschrift. 15 (3): 259–263. Bibcode:2006MetZe..15..259K. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130.
  6. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson B. L. & McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification" (PDF). Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11 (5): 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606.
  7. ^ "Średnia dobowa temperatura powietrza". Normy klimatyczne 1991-2020 (in Polish). Institute of Meteorology and Water Management. Archived from the original on 3 December 2021. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  8. ^ "Średnia minimalna temperatura powietrza". Normy klimatyczne 1991-2020 (in Polish). Institute of Meteorology and Water Management. Archived from the original on 15 January 2022. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  9. ^ "Średnia maksymalna temperatura powietrza". Normy klimatyczne 1991-2020 (in Polish). Institute of Meteorology and Water Management. Archived from the original on 15 January 2022. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  10. ^ "Miesięczna suma opadu". Normy klimatyczne 1991-2020 (in Polish). Institute of Meteorology and Water Management. Archived from the original on 9 January 2022. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  11. ^ "Liczba dni z opadem >= 0,1 mm". Normy klimatyczne 1991-2020 (in Polish). Institute of Meteorology and Water Management. Archived from the original on 15 January 2022. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  12. ^ "Średnia grubość pokrywy śnieżnej". Normy klimatyczne 1991-2020 (in Polish). Institute of Meteorology and Water Management. Archived from the original on 15 January 2022. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  13. ^ "Liczba dni z pokrywą śnieżna > 0 cm". Normy klimatyczne 1991-2020 (in Polish). Institute of Meteorology and Water Management. Archived from the original on 15 January 2022. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  14. ^ "Średnia suma usłonecznienia (h)". Normy klimatyczne 1991-2020 (in Polish). Institute of Meteorology and Water Management. Archived from the original on 15 January 2022. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  15. ^ "Słubice Absolutna temperatura maksymalna" (in Polish). Meteomodel.pl. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  16. ^ "Słubice Absolutna temperatura minimalna" (in Polish). Meteomodel.pl. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  17. ^ "Słubice Średnia wilgotność" (in Polish). Meteomodel.pl. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  18. ^ "World's first Wikipedia monument unveiled in Poland". Thenews.pl. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  19. ^ "Schab tradycyjny słubicki". Ministerstwo Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi - Portal Gov.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 27 June 2021.

External linksEdit