Richard Martin Lloyd Walters (born January 14, 1965), better known as Slick Rick, is an English-American rapper and record producer.
Richard Martin Lloyd Walters
January 14, 1965
Mitcham, London, England
|Other names||Rick the Ruler, MC Ricky D|
|Origin||New York City|
He rose to prominence with Doug E. Fresh & the Get Fresh Crew in the mid-1980s. Their songs "The Show" and "La Di Da Di" are considered early hip hop classics. "La Di Da Di" is one of the most sampled songs in history.
In 1986, Slick Rick became the third artist signed to Def Jam Records. He has released four albums: The Great Adventures of Slick Rick (1988), The Ruler's Back (1991), Behind Bars (1994) and The Art of Storytelling (1999). His music has been sampled and interpolated over 1,000 times, in dozens of songs by artists, including Eminem, Beyoncé, Mariah Carey, the Beastie Boys, TLC, Nas, Miley Cyrus, Kanye West, Black Star, The Notorious B.I.G., Snoop Dogg, MC Ren, Montell Jordan and Color Me Badd. In the process, Slick Rick has become one of the most-sampled hip-hop artists ever. Many of these songs based on Slick Rick samples went on to become hit singles.
He was one of the very first hip-hop artists to be covered, when Snoop Dogg (then Snoop Doggy Dogg) rapped Rick's lyrics from his record "La Di Da Di" almost in their entirety on the track 'Lodi Dodi' on his debut album Doggystyle in 1993. At the time it was very uncommon for rappers to use complete song lyrics from another artist.
Slick Rick has been a VH-1 Hip Hop Honors honoree, and About.com ranked him No. 12 on their list of the Top 50 MCs of Our Time, while The Source ranked him No. 15 on their list of the Top 50 Lyricists of All Time. He has acted and cameo-ed in 10 movies and videos.
Walters was born in the southwest London district of Mitcham to Jamaican parents on 1 Brad Gibson street. He was blinded in the right eye by broken glass as an infant. In 1976, he and his family immigrated to the United States, settling in the Baychester area of the Bronx. At Fiorello H. Laguardia High School of Music & Art, where he majored in visual art, Rick met Dana Dane. The pair became close friends and formed the Kangol Crew, performing in school contests, parks, and small local clubs.
At a 1984 talent showcase he entered, Rick met Doug E. Fresh. Impressed by Rick's talent, Doug made him a member of his Get Fresh Crew (which also included DJs Chill Will and Barry Bee). Doug's beatbox and Rick's fresh flow turned "The Show"/"La Di Da Di" into international anthems that turned rap music on its head and became the launching pad for "Hip Hop's greatest storyteller."
His career began in 1985; Walters first gained success in the rap industry after joining Doug E. Fresh's Get Fresh Crew, using the stage name MC Ricky D. He was featured on the single "The Show" and its even more popular B-side, "La Di Da Di", which featured Walters' rapping over Doug E. Fresh's beatbox. Both tracks gained some mainstream attention, they appeared on Top of the Pops and Soul Train with the Get Fresh Crew. Reflecting on the single in Rolling Stone magazine, Roots drummer and Tonight Show bandleader Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson said, "Point blank: Slick Rick's voice was the most beautiful thing to happen to hip-hop culture [...] Rick is full of punchlines, wit, melody, cool cadence, confidence and style. He is the blueprint."
In 1986, Slick Rick joined Russell Simmons's Rush Artist Management and became the third artist signed to Def Jam Records, the leading rap/hip-hop label at the time. Collaborating with his friend, DJ Vance Wright, Walters produced his solo debut, The Great Adventures of Slick Rick, which came out in 1988 on Def Jam. The album was very successful, reaching the No. 1 spot on Billboard's R&B/Hip-Hop chart. It also featured three charting singles: "Children's Story", "Hey Young World", and "Teenage Love". The release is known for its storytelling and vocal characterizations. "With the combination of Rick's Dick Van Dyke-on-dope accent and his unique narrative style, the record was an instant classic," wrote critic Matt Weiner. "Each of Rick's songs was an amusing, enthralling story that lasted from the first groove to the last."
Incarceration and subsequent albumsEdit
In 1989, Walters' mother, Veronica, hired his first cousin, Mark Plummer, as his bodyguard. By 1990, Plummer had become a liability, having tried numerous times to extort money from the artist. Plummer was fired and, unsatisfied with his severance package, tried to rob Walters on numerous occasions and also threatened to kill the rapper and his mother. When Walters found bullet holes in his front door, he bought guns for protection. On July 3, 1990, Walters spotted Plummer in his neighborhood, and fired at least four shots. One bullet hit Plummer; another caught a passerby in the foot. Neither suffered life-threatening injuries.
He eventually pleaded guilty to two counts of attempted murder and other charges, including assault, use of a firearm, and criminal possession of a weapon. The rapper called it an act of self-defense. He spent five years in prison, two for the then-second-degree attempted-murder charges he received for the shooting, and three for disputes with the Immigration and Naturalization Services over his residency in the U.S. He was released from prison in 1997.
After being bailed out by Russell Simmons, Walters recorded his second album, The Ruler's Back, released in 1991. Despite peaking at No. 29 on the Billboard Hot 100, the album received mixed reviews and was not as commercially successful as his debut. In the documentary film, The Show, Russell Simmons interviewed Walters while he was imprisoned on Rikers Island.
Walters' third studio album (the fourth for Def Jam) Behind Bars was released in 1994, while he was still incarcerated. It was met with lukewarm sales and reviews. Behind Bars peaked at No. 11 on the Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, and No. 51 on the Billboard 200.
Walters remained with the Def Jam label, and on May 25, 1999, released a fourth album, The Art of Storytelling. The Art of Storytelling was a comeback-album that paired him with prolific MCs like Nas, OutKast, Raekwon, and Snoop Dogg. The Los Angeles Times announced it as the "triumphant return of rap's premier yarn-spinner", calling the song "2 Way Street" "a much-needed alternative to rap's misogynistic slant". It charted higher than any of Slick Rick's prior releases: No. 8 on the Billboard 200; and No. 1 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart.
After performing on a Caribbean cruise ship in June 2002, Walters was arrested by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) as he re-entered the United States through Florida. He was promptly told that he was being deported under a law allowing deportation of foreigners convicted of felonies. Rick was continuously refused bail, but after 17 months in prison he was released on November 7, 2003. In October 2006, the Department of Homeland Security began a new attempt to deport Walters back to the United Kingdom, moving the case from the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit based in New York to the more conservative Eleventh Circuit. The court is based in Atlanta, Georgia, but the trial was expected to proceed in Florida, where immigration agents originally arrested Walters.
On May 23, 2008, New York Governor David Paterson granted Slick Rick a full and unconditional pardon on the attempted murder charges. The governor was pleased with his behavior since the attempted murders. Slick Rick has volunteered his time to mentor kids about violence.
Later career and lifeEdit
Walters married his wife Mandy Aragones in April 1997, four years after the couple met at a Manhattan nightclub. The performer has two children, Ricky Martin Lloyd Santiago and Lateisha Walters, from a previous relationship. He and his wife have donated about a dozen items from his collection to the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
In addition, Rick recently was a Mixx Cares Humanitarian Award recipient.
On April 15, 2016, Rick was granted U.S. citizenship, remarking, "I am so proud of this moment—and so honored to finally become an American citizen." He will also retain his UK citizenship.
On November 2, 2018, Rick released the single "Snakes of the World Today". In 2020, Rick featured on Westside Gunn's album Who Made the Sunshine.
Slick Rick's style is commended by music critics. Music journalist Peter Shapiro wrote, " 'Children's Story' was important because of its narrative structure and Rick's understanding of how crucial little sonic details—such as his use of a female voice and his yawning rap—were to hip hop style."
He is largely known for his story raps, such as "Children's Story" and "La Di Da Di". Shapiro writes that he "largely introduced the art of narrative into hip hop... none of the spinners of picaresque rhymes who followed did it with the same grace or humor." AllMusic states that he has the "reputation as hip hop's greatest storyteller." In the book Check the Technique, Slick Rick says, "I was never the type to say freestyle raps, I usually tell a story, and to do that well I've always had to work things out beforehand." Kool Moe Dee comments, "Slick Rick raised the lost art of hip hop storytelling to a level never seen again." Devin the Dude notes that Slick Rick's "Indian Girl" is a good example of the type of humor that existed in hip hop's golden era, and Peter Shapiro says that "he was funnier than Rudy Ray Moore or Redd Foxx."
Slick Rick uses very clear enunciation and retains some English pronunciations, which led Shapiro to say that he raps in the "Queen's English". O.C. states: "The Great Adventures of Slick Rick is one of the greatest albums ever... the stuff he was just saying on there, it was so clear.. the [clear] syllable dude was Slick Rick for me". He is also renowned for his unique "smooth, British-tinged flow" which contains distinct structures. In the book How to Rap, it is noted that on the song "I Own America", he "puts a rest on almost every other 1-beat so that each set of two lines begins with a rest." Kool Moe Dee stated that, "Rick accomplished being totally original at a time when most MCs were using very similar cadences." He has what is described as "singsong cadences"; Andy Cat of Ugly Duckling mentions that Slick Rick uses a melodic delivery on the track "Hey Young World". Slick Rick is also known to extensively use punch ins, especially in his story rhymes as different characters; Kool Moe Dee says Rick used "multi-voices to portray multiple characters."
- David Drake, Insanul Ahmed (October 19, 2012). "The 30 Biggest Criminal Trials in Rap History: The People of the State of New York v. Richard Walters (1991)". Complex.
- Michael Driscoll (May 22, 2019). "How 'La Di Da Di,' a B-Side From 1985, Became One of Music's Most-Sampled Songs". The Wall Street Journal.
- "Biography of Slick Rick". Ricktheruler.net. Archived from the original on March 23, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- Who Sampled Blog. "Top 10 All Time Most Sampled Records in Hip Hop". Archived from the original on April 20, 2016. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
- "Top 10 Most Sampled Songs of All Time". PixelVulture.com. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- "dana dane says snoop doggs la di da di cover completely changed rap". hiphopdx.com. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
- "50 Greatest MCs of Our Time (1987 - 2007)". Rap.about.com. February 15, 1999. Retrieved August 13, 2015.
- "The Source's Top 50 Lyricists Of All Time ," Archived December 31, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Thisis50.com, July 7, 2012.
- Bush, John. "Slick Rick Biography and History". AllMusic. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- David Gonzalez, "At 50, a Hip-Hop Pioneer Still Has Stories to Tell," The New York Times, February 8, 2015.
- "Slick Rick". Hiphoplegacies.com. Archived from the original on April 27, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- "Slick Rick - Biography". Billboard.com. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- Huey, Steve. "The Great Adventures of Slick Rick - Slick Rick | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved August 13, 2015.
- Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "Doug E Fresh & The Get Fresh Crew -The Show Studio, TOTP". YouTube. April 19, 2014. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
- "The Show - Doug E Fresh". YouTube. February 10, 2011. Archived from the original on November 8, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
- "Doug E. Fresh and the Get Fresh Crew, "The Show"/"La Di Da Di" (1985) - Questlove's Top 50 Hip-Hop Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- "Top Ten Def Jams". Clash Magazine. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- Weiner, Matt (September 21, 2014). "The Misadventures of Slick Rick". Sabotagetimes.com. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- "The 30 Biggest Criminal Trials in Rap History - 5. The People of the State of New York v. Richard Walters (1990)". Complex. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- Reischel, Julia. "Slick Trouble". Village Voice. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- "Slick Rick The Ruler". hiphop.sh. Archived from the original on April 17, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- "No holds barred - after five years in prison, Slick Rick cuts Art of Storytelling - and gets his life back". NY Daily News. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- Sewell Chan, "Governor Pardons Hip-Hop Pioneer," The New York Times, May 23, 2008.
- "The Ruler's Back - Def Jam". Def Jam. Retrieved April 11, 2016.[permanent dead link]
- Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "Slick Rick Interview". The Show. youtube.com. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
- "Slick Rick Facts, information, pictures on Encyclopedia.com articles about Slick Rick". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- "Behind Bars - Def Jam". Def Jam. Retrieved April 11, 2016.[permanent dead link]
- Baker, Soren (May 23, 1999). "Slick Rick Makes His Return to Rap, Ever the Storyteller". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- "Slick Rick regains legal status". CNN.com. Associated Press. November 4, 2003. Archived from the original on December 6, 2007. Retrieved May 24, 2004.
- Patel, Joseph (November 7, 2003). "The Great Adventures Can Resume: Slick Rick Is A Free Man". MTV.com. Retrieved May 24, 2008.
- Jeffries, Alexis (October 18, 2006). "Slick Rick Facing Deportation, Again". Vibe. Vibe Media Group, Inc. Archived from the original on December 3, 2008. Retrieved May 24, 2008.
- "Hip-hop pioneer 'Slick Rick' pardoned". ABC News. Associated Press. May 23, 2008. Retrieved May 24, 2008.
- "Soul Rebels at the Howard Theatre". Thehowardtheatre.com. Retrieved April 7, 2012.
- "will.i.am charity event raises $2.4 million". CNS News. Archived from the original on April 22, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- "Mixx Cares Humanitarian Award Recipient". Latinmixx.com. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- "Rap Legend Slick Rick Becomes a U.S. Citizen!". TMZ.com. April 15, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
- "Slick Rick Granted U.S. Citizenship After Decades-Long Battle". Rolling Stone.
- Shapiro, Peter. The Rough Guide To Hip-Hop, 2nd Edition, Penguin, 2005, p.336.
- Shapiro, Peter, 2005, The Rough Guide To Hip-Hop, 2nd Edition, Penguin, p. 337.
- Coleman, Brian. Check The Technique: Liner Notes For Hip-Hop Junkies. New York: Villard/Random House, 2007, p. 319.
- Kool Moe Dee. There's A God On The Mic: The True 50 Greatest MCs, Thunder's Mouth Press, 2003, p.63.
- Edwards, Paul. How to Rap: The Art & Science of the Hip-Hop MC, Chicago Review Press, 2009, p. 39.
- Edwards, Paul, How to Rap: The Art & Science of the Hip-Hop MC, Chicago Review Press, 2009, p. 244.
- Edwards, Paul, How to Rap: The Art & Science of the Hip-Hop MC, Chicago Review Press, 2009, p. 129.
- Kool Moe Dee. There's A God On The Mic: The True 50 Greatest MCs, Thunder's Mouth Press, 2003, p.64.
- Edwards, Paul. How to Rap: The Art & Science of the Hip-Hop MC, Chicago Review Press, 2009, p. 253.
- Edwards, Paul. How to Rap: The Art & Science of the Hip-Hop MC, Chicago Review Press, 2009, p. 276.