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Sleepy Hollow is a village in the town of Mount Pleasant, in Westchester County, New York. The village is located on the east bank of the Hudson River, about 30 miles (48 km) north of New York City, and is served by the Philipse Manor stop on the Metro-North Hudson Line. To the south of Sleepy Hollow is the village of Tarrytown, and to the north and east are unincorporated parts of Mount Pleasant. The population of the village at the 2010 census was 9,870.[2]

Sleepy Hollow, New York
Village
The Old Dutch Church in 1907
The Old Dutch Church in 1907
Location of Sleepy Hollow, New York
Location of Sleepy Hollow, New York
Coordinates: 41°5′31″N 73°51′52″W / 41.09194°N 73.86444°W / 41.09194; -73.86444Coordinates: 41°5′31″N 73°51′52″W / 41.09194°N 73.86444°W / 41.09194; -73.86444
Country United States
State New York
County Westchester
Town Mount Pleasant
Area
 • Total 5.1 sq mi (13.2 km2)
 • Land 2.3 sq mi (5.9 km2)
 • Water 2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2)
Elevation 89 ft (27 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 9,870
 • Estimate (2016)[1] 10,198
 • Density 1,900/sq mi (750/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 10591
Area code(s) 914
FIPS code 36-67638
GNIS feature ID 0958934

Originally incorporated as North Tarrytown in the late 19th century, in 1996 the village officially adopted the traditional name for the area.[3] The village is known to many via "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow", a short story about the local area and its infamous specter, the Headless Horseman, written by Washington Irving, who lived in Tarrytown and is buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. Owing to this story, as well as the village's roots in early American history and folklore, Sleepy Hollow is considered by some to be one of the "most haunted places in the world".[4][5][6]

The village is home to the Philipsburg Manor House and the Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow, as well as the Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, where in addition to Washington Irving, numerous other notable people are buried.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Philipsburg Manor House at the Upper Mills

The land that would become Sleepy Hollow was first bought from Adriaen van der Donck, a patroon in New Netherland before the English takeover in 1664. Starting in 1672 Frederick Philipse began acquiring large parcels of land mainly in today's southern Westchester County. Comprising some 52,000 acres (81 sq mi) of land, it was bounded by the Spuyten Duyvil Creek, the Croton River, the Hudson River, and the Bronx River. Philipse was granted a royal charter in 1693, creating the Manor of Philipsburg and establishing him as first lord.[7]

In today's Sleepy Hollow he established an upper mill and shipping depot, today part of the Philipse Manor House historic site. A pious man, he was architect and financier of the town's Old Dutch Church, said also to have built the pulpit with his own hands.[8]

When Philipse died in 1702, the manor was divided between his son, Adolphus Philipse, and his grandson, Frederick Philipse II. Adolph received the Upper Mills property, which extended from Dobbs Ferry to the Croton River. Frederick II was given the Lower Mills at the confluence of the Saw Mill and Hudson Rivers, the two parcels being reunited on his uncle's death. His son, Frederick III, became the third lord of the manor in 1751.[9]

In 1779, Frederick Philipse III, a Loyalist, was attained for treason, The manor was confiscated and sold at public auction, split between 287 buyers. The largest tract of land (about 750 acres (300 ha)) was at the Upper Mills; it passed to numerous owners until 1951, when it was acquired by Sleepy Hollow Restorations. Thanks to the philanthropy of John D. Rockefeller Jr., about 20 acres (8.1 ha) were restored as today's historic site.[9]

GeographyEdit

Sleepy Hollow is located at 41°5′31″N 73°51′52″W / 41.09194°N 73.86444°W / 41.09194; -73.86444 (41.091998, −73.864361).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 5.1 square miles (13 km2), of which 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2), or 55.58%, is water.[11]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1880 2,684
1890 3,179 18.4%
1900 4,241 33.4%
1910 5,421 27.8%
1920 5,927 9.3%
1930 7,417 25.1%
1940 8,804 18.7%
1950 8,740 −0.7%
1960 8,818 0.9%
1970 8,334 −5.5%
1980 7,994 −4.1%
1990 8,152 2.0%
2000 9,212 13.0%
2010 9,870 7.1%
Est. 2016 10,198 [1] 3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[13] of 2010, there were 9,870 people, 3,181 households, and 2,239 families residing in the village. The population density was 4,054.7 people per square mile (1,566.9/km²). There were 3,253 housing units at an average density of 1,431.8 per square mile (553.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 61.01% Caucasian, 6.21% African American, 0.83% Native American, 3.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 23.47% from other races, and 5.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 51.04% of the population, many of whom are Ecuadorian, Dominican, Chilean, and Puerto Rican.

There were 3,181 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.37.

In the village, the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 36.7% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $54,201, and the median income for a family was $63,889. Males had a median income of $39,923 versus $32,146 for females. The per capita income for the village was $28,325. About 5.7% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable landmarksEdit

The Edward Harden Mansion, Patriot's Park, Philipse Manor Railroad Station, Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, and the Tarrytown Light are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow and Philipsburg Manor House are listed as National Historic Landmarks.[14] Also of note are Kingsland Point Park, Philipse Manor Beach Club, and the Rockefeller State Park Preserve.

In 2017, former FDNY fireboat John D. McKean will be opened as a floating museum, near Tarrytown Lighthouse.[15]

Emergency servicesEdit

 
One of the three fire engines during a parade in nearby Pleasantville

As of 2014, the village's police department had 27 officers, four school crossing guards, and three civilian employees.[16] The village is also served by the New York State Police and Westchester County Department of Public Safety.[17] Police officers from the villages of Sleepy Hollow and Dobbs Ferry, the town of Greenburgh, and the New York State Police make up a Marine / H.E.A.T. Unit.[18] As of 2006, police base salaries in Sleepy Hollow were low compared to other Westchester County forces, in part due to the lower tax base.[19]

The Sleepy Hollow Fire Patrol, now the Sleepy Hollow Fire Department, was organized in 1876 and within 25 years had grown to five companies in three fire stations. As of 2012, there were three engines, two boats, and one tower ladder, as well as other equipment. The fire department is run by volunteers and responds to over 300 calls each year.[20]

Emergency medical services in Sleepy Hollow depend on volunteers assisted by paid staff. The Ambulance Corps has two basic life support ambulances. Mount Pleasant Paramedics provides advanced life support.[21]

In popular cultureEdit

Sleepy Hollow has been used as a setting or filming location for numerous media works, including films, games, literature, motion pictures, and television productions, such as:

Literature
Films
Games
Television
  • The four-season television series Sleepy Hollow, though set in and around the village through the centuries, greatly expanded its population to 144,000, as indicated by a sign at the beginning of the pilot episode, though several aerial shots of the actual village are incorporated into the series
  • Television personality and activist Caitlyn Jenner, a Sleepy Hollow High School alumnus, led TV journalist Diane Sawyer on a tour of the village and neighboring Tarrytown during her 2015 interview on 20/20

Television shot on location in Sleepy Hollow includes:

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Sleepy Hollow village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 18, 2011. 
  3. ^ Berger, Joseph (December 11, 1996). "North Tarrytown Votes to Pursue Its Future as Sleepy Hollow". The New York Times. Retrieved November 18, 2011. 
  4. ^ Hoeller, Sophie-Claire (October 28, 2014). "The 6 Most Haunted Towns in the World". Thrillist. Retrieved July 31, 2015. 
  5. ^ Summers, Ken (October 13, 2014). "Phantom Ships, Headless Skeletons, and Weeping Spirits: Investigating the Real Ghosts of New York's Sleepy Hollow". Week In Weird. Retrieved July 31, 2015. 
  6. ^ "The Sleepy Hollow Hauntings". Haunted Places to Go. Retrieved July 31, 2015. 
  7. ^ Eisenstadt, Peter (2005). "New York State: An Introduction". Encyclopedia of the State of New York (First ed.). Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press. p. 1199. ISBN 0-8156-0808-X. 
  8. ^ Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Famous Americans: Biography of Frederick Philipse: "...He worked at the carpenter's trade for several years, aided in building the Old Dutch church, and is said to have made the pulpit with his own hands.
  9. ^ a b Maika, Dennis J. (2005). "Philipsburg Manor". In Peter Eisenstadt. Encyclopedia of the State of New York (First ed.). Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press. p. 1199. ISBN 0-8156-0808-X. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Sleepy Hollow, NY Population - Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts". CensusViewer. Retrieved 2017-05-12. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  15. ^ Dawson, Mackenzie (October 23, 2016). "How an FDNY boat that rescued 9/11 survivors lives on". New York Post. Archived from the original on October 24, 2016. He plans to soon open the boat — which was built in Camden, NJ, at a reported cost of $1.4 million — to the public as a sort of museum. It will be in good company; the vessel will be docked just north of the Tarrytown Lighthouse, which is on the National Register of Historic Places. 
  16. ^ "Police Department". Village of Sleepy Hollow. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  17. ^ "Sleepy Hollow Village Court". Law Office of Jared Altman. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  18. ^ "Special Operations Unit". Greenburgh Police Department. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  19. ^ Robert Bonvento (2006-07-28). "What's Fair and What's Enough..., Negotiating A New Police Contract". River Journal. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  20. ^ Janie Rosman (2012-07-07). "Sleepy Hollow Firefighters Well Equipped to Protect Village". The Hudson Independent. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  21. ^ "Ambulance Corp". Village of Sleepy Hollow. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  22. ^ "Stephen King's 'A Good Marriage' Filming in Sleepy Hollow, NY This Month". OnLocationVacations.com. May 20, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Hit series 'Man v. Food' takes on Westchester". Lohud.com. Retrieved October 14, 2017. 

External linksEdit