Sleepy Hollow, New York

Sleepy Hollow is a village in the town of Mount Pleasant, Westchester County, New York, United States.

Sleepy Hollow, New York
The Old Dutch Church in 1907
The Old Dutch Church in 1907
Official seal of Sleepy Hollow, New York
Location of Sleepy Hollow, New York
Location of Sleepy Hollow, New York
Coordinates: 41°5′31″N 73°51′52″W / 41.09194°N 73.86444°W / 41.09194; -73.86444
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
TownMount Pleasant
 • Total5.21 sq mi (13.48 km2)
 • Land2.24 sq mi (5.81 km2)
 • Water2.96 sq mi (7.67 km2)
89 ft (27 m)
 • Total9,986
 • Density4,452.07/sq mi (1,718.85/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code914
FIPS code36-67638
GNIS feature ID0958934

The village is located on the east bank of the Hudson River, about 20 miles (32 km) north of New York City, and is served by the Philipse Manor stop on the Metro-North Hudson Line. To the south of Sleepy Hollow is the village of Tarrytown, and to the north and east are unincorporated parts of Mount Pleasant. The population of the village at the 2020 census was 9,986.[2]

Originally incorporated as North Tarrytown in the late 19th century, the village adopted its current name in 1996.[3] The village is known internationally through "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow", an 1820 short story about the local area and its infamous specter, the Headless Horseman, written by Washington Irving, who lived in Tarrytown and is buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. Owing to this story, as well as the village's roots in early American history and folklore, Sleepy Hollow is considered by some to be one of the "most haunted places in the world".[4][5][6] Despite this designation, Sleepy Hollow has also been called "the safest small 'city' [i.e., under 100,000 residents] in America".[7]

The village is home to the Philipsburg Manor House and the Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow, as well as the Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, where in addition to Irving, numerous other notable people are buried.

History edit

Philipsburg Manor House at the Upper Mills

The land that would become Sleepy Hollow was first bought from Adriaen van der Donck, a patroon in New Netherland before the English takeover in 1664. Starting in 1672, Frederick Philipse began acquiring large parcels of land mainly in today's southern Westchester County. Comprising some 52,000 acres (81 sq mi) of land, it was bounded by the Spuyten Duyvil Creek, the Croton River, the Hudson River, and the Bronx River. Philipse was granted a royal charter in 1693, creating the Manor of Philipsburg and establishing him as first lord.[8]

Sleepy Hollow appears on this 1814 map as Philipsburg.

In today's Sleepy Hollow, he established an upper mill and shipping depot, today part of the Philipse Manor House historic site. A pious man, he was architect and financier of the town's Old Dutch Church, and was said to have built the pulpit with his own hands.[9]

When Philipse died in 1702, the manor was divided between his son, Adolphus Philipse, and his grandson, Frederick Philipse II. Adolph received the Upper Mills property, which extended from Dobbs Ferry to the Croton River. Frederick II was given the Lower Mills at the confluence of the Saw Mill and Hudson Rivers, the two parcels being reunited on his uncle's death. His son, Frederick III, became the third lord of the manor in 1751.[8]

In 1779, Frederick Philipse III, a Loyalist, was attainted for treason. The manor was confiscated and sold at public auction, split between 287 buyers. The largest tract of land (about 750 acres (300 ha)) was at the Upper Mills; it passed to numerous owners until 1951, when it was acquired by Sleepy Hollow Restorations. Thanks to the philanthropy of John D. Rockefeller Jr., about 20 acres (8.1 ha) were restored as today's historic site.[8]

In the late 1790s, Washington Irving visited Sleepy Hollow with his friend James K. Paulding. Together they explored the area, hunting, fishing and taking with the local folk. The visits of Irving were immortalised in the story The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.

Geography edit

Sleepy Hollow is located at 41°5′31″N 73°51′52″W / 41.09194°N 73.86444°W / 41.09194; -73.86444 (41.091998, −73.864361).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 5.1 square miles (13 km2), of which 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2), or 55.58%, is water.[11]

Demographics edit

Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[13] of 2010, there were 9,870 people, 3,181 households, and 2,239 families residing in the village. The population density was 4,054.7 people per square mile (1,565.5 people/km2). There were 3,253 housing units at an average density of 1,431.8 per square mile (552.8/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 61.0% White, 6.2% African American, 0.8% Native American, 3.3% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 23.5% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 51.0% of the population, many of whom are Ecuadorian, Dominican, Chilean, and Puerto Rican. Sleepy Hollow has one of the highest proportions of Ecuadorian American residents of any community nationwide, standing at 17.5% as of the 2010 census.

There were 3,181 households, out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.37.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 36.7% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $54,201, and the median income for a family was $63,889. Males had a median income of $39,923 versus $32,146 for females. The per capita income for the village was $28,325. About 5.7% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable landmarks edit

Edward Harden Mansion

The Edward Harden Mansion, now serving as the administration building for the Public Schools of the Tarrytowns, Patriot's Park, Philipse Manor Railroad Station, Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, and the Tarrytown Light are all listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow and Philipsburg Manor House are listed as National Historic Landmarks. Also of note are Kingsland Point Park (allegedly haunted by the spirit of Captain Kidd, an associate of Philipse), Philipse Manor Beach Club, Sleepy Hollow Manor (residential neighborhood on the former estate of renowned explorer and politician John C. Frémont, whose now-updated house still overlooks the Hudson River there), segments of the Old Croton Aqueduct, and the Rockefeller State Park Preserve.

Emergency services edit

One of the three fire engines during a parade in nearby Pleasantville

As of 2014, the village's police department had 27 officers, four school crossing guards, and three civilian employees.[14] The village is also served by the New York State Police and Westchester County Department of Public Safety.[15] Police officers from the villages of Sleepy Hollow and Dobbs Ferry, the town of Greenburgh, and the New York State Police make up a Marine / H.E.A.T. Unit.[16] As of 2006, police base salaries in Sleepy Hollow were low compared to other Westchester County forces, in part due to the lower tax base.[17]

The Sleepy Hollow Fire Department began with organization of the North Tarrytown Fire Patrol on May 26, 1876. Within 25 years it had grown to five companies in three fire stations. As of 2019, there were three engines, one tower ladder, one rescue, and other equipment. The fire department is run by volunteers and responds to over 300 calls each year. The local hospital, Phelps Memorial, responds to hundreds of emergencies per year.[18]

Emergency medical services in Sleepy Hollow depend on volunteers assisted by paid staff. The Ambulance Corps has two basic life support ambulances. Mount Pleasant Paramedics provides advanced life support.[19]

In popular culture edit

Sleepy Hollow has been used as a setting or filming location for numerous media works, including films, games, literature, motion pictures, and television productions, including:

Washington Irving's headstone Sleepy Hollow Cemetery
  • The four-season Fox series Sleepy Hollow, though set in and around the village through the centuries, greatly expanded its population to 144,000, as indicated by a sign at the beginning of the pilot episode. Most of the series was filmed in North Carolina and Georgia, though several aerial shots of the actual village and surrounding region are incorporated into the series.
  • Television personality and retired Olympic decathlete Caitlyn Jenner, who attended Sleepy Hollow High School, led TV journalist Diane Sawyer on a tour of the village and neighboring Tarrytown during her landmark coming-out interview on 20/20 in 2015.
  • The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, 1980, TV movie. Starring Jeff Goldblum, Paul Sand and Meg Foster.

Television shot on location in Sleepy Hollow includes:

Notable people edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 19, 2022. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ "QuickFacts Sleepy Hollow village, New York". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 4, 2021. Retrieved January 28, 2022.
  3. ^ Berger, Joseph (December 11, 1996). "North Tarrytown Votes to Pursue Its Future as Sleepy Hollow". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 23, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  4. ^ Hoeller, Sophie-Claire (October 28, 2014). "The 6 Most Haunted Towns in the World". Thrillist. Archived from the original on July 28, 2015. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  5. ^ Summers, Ken (October 13, 2014). "Phantom Ships, Headless Skeletons, and Weeping Spirits: Investigating the Real Ghosts of New York's Sleepy Hollow". Week In Weird. Archived from the original on July 26, 2015. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  6. ^ "The Sleepy Hollow Hauntings". Haunted Places to Go. Archived from the original on August 1, 2015. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  7. ^ "Sleepy Hollow Named Safest Small 'City' in the U.S." July 11, 2021. Archived from the original on July 13, 2021. Retrieved July 13, 2021.
  8. ^ a b c Maika, Dennis J. (2005). "Philipsburg Manor". In Peter Eisenstadt (ed.). Encyclopedia of the State of New York (First ed.). Syracuse: Syracuse University Press. p. 1199. ISBN 081560808X.
  9. ^ Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Famous Americans: Biography of Frederick Philipse: "...He worked at the carpenter's trade for several years, aided in building the Old Dutch church, and is said to have made the pulpit with his own hands.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Archived from the original on August 24, 2019. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  11. ^ "Sleepy Hollow, NY Population - Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts". CensusViewer. Archived from the original on March 21, 2017. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on October 3, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 27, 1996. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  14. ^ "Police Department". Village of Sleepy Hollow. Archived from the original on August 30, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  15. ^ "Sleepy Hollow Village Court". Law Office of Jared Altman. Archived from the original on August 11, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  16. ^ "Special Operations Unit". Greenburgh Police Department. Archived from the original on July 28, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  17. ^ Robert Bonvento (July 28, 2006). "What's Fair and What's Enough..., Negotiating A New Police Contract". River Journal. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  18. ^ Janie Rosman (July 7, 2012). "Sleepy Hollow Firefighters Well Equipped to Protect Village". The Hudson Independent. Archived from the original on July 28, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  19. ^ "Ambulance Corp". Village of Sleepy Hollow. Archived from the original on June 17, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  20. ^ "Stephen King's 'A Good Marriage' Filming in Sleepy Hollow, NY This Month". May 20, 2013. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
  21. ^ "Hit series 'Man v. Food' takes on Westchester". Archived from the original on November 26, 2020. Retrieved October 14, 2017.

External links edit