Slavo-Serbia

Slavo-Serbia or Slaveno-Serbia (Ukrainian: Слов'яносербія, romanizedSlov'yanoserbiya; Russian: Славяносербия, romanizedSlavyanoserbiya; Serbian: Славеносрбија / Slavenosrbija or Славосрбија / Slavosrbija; Slavo-Serbian or Slaveno-Serbian: Славо-Сербія or Славено-Сербія), was a territory of Imperial Russia between 1753-64. It was located by the right bank of the Donets River between the Bakhmutka River (Бахмут) and Luhan (Лугань) rivers. This area today constitutes the territories of present-day Luhansk Oblast and Donetsk Oblast of Ukraine. The administrative centre of Slavo-Serbia was Bakhmut (Bahmut).

Slavo-Serbia
Славеносрбија / Slavenosrbija
Слов'яносербія
Славяносербия
territory of Russian Empire
1753–1764
Slavo serbia map.png
CapitalBakhmut (Bahmut)
History 
• Established
1753
• Abolished
1764
Succeeded by
Novorossiysk Governorate
Today part of Ukraine

HistoryEdit

By the decree of the Senate of May 29, 1753, the free lands of this area were offered for settlement to Serbs, Vlachs (Wallachians), Bulgarians, Greeks and other Balkan peoples of Orthodox Christian denomination to ensure frontier protection and development of this part of the steppes.[1]

Slavo-Serbia was directly governed by Russia's Governing Senate and College of War. The settlers eventually formed the Bakhmut hussar regiment in 1764. Also in 1764, Slavo-Serbia was transformed into the Donets uyezd of Yekaterinoslav Governorate (now in Dnipropetrovs'ka oblast', Ukraine). Commandants of Slavo-Serbia were Colonels Rajko Depreradović and Jovan Šević. These Serbian colonels led their soldiers in various Russian military campaigns; in peacetime they kept the borderlands, along with the Cossacks, free from incursions by other states.[citation needed]

DemographicsEdit

The province had ethnically diverse population that included Serbs, Vlachs (Wallachians), and others. In 1755, the population of Slavo-Serbia numbered 1,513 inhabitants (of both genders). In 1756, in the regiment of Jovan Šević, there were 38% Serbs, 23% Vlachs, and 22% others.[2] In 1763, the population of Slavo-Serbia numbered 3,992 male inhabitants, of whom only 378 were Serbs.

Places of Slavo-SerbiaEdit

Serbian name (mid-18th century)(1) Ukrainian name (mid-18th century)(2) Later or current Ukrainian (Russian) name(2)
Bakhmut (Bahmut) Bachmut — Бахмут Bakhmut — Бахмут
Serebrjanka Serebrjanka — Серебрянка Serebryanka — Серебрянка (Серебрянка)
Privoljno Pryvolne — Привольне Pryvillya — Привілля (Приволье)
Verchnja Verchnje — Верхнє -
Nižnje Nyžnje — Нижнє Nyzhnye — Нижнє (Нижнее)
Lugansko Luhanske — Луганське Luhanske — Луганське (Луганское)
Trojicka Troicke — Троїцьке Troyitske — Троїцьке (Троицкое)
Kalinovo Kalynovske — Калиновське Kalynove — Калинове (Калиново)
Krimsko Krymske — Кримське Krymske — Кримське (Крымское)
Podgorno Pidgorne — Підгорне Slovianoserbsk — Слов'яносербськ (Славяносербск)
Horoše Xoroše — Хороше Khoroshe — Хороше
Čerkasko Čerkas'ke — Черкаське Cherkaskyi Brid — Черкаський Брід (Черкасский Брод) /
Zymohirya — Зимогір'я (Зимогорье)
Žovta Žovte — Жовте Zhovte — Жовте
Krasni Jar Krasnyj Jar — Красний Яр Krasnyi Yar — Красний Яр (Красный Яр)
Kamjani Brod Kamjanyj Brid — Кам'яний Брід Kamianyi Brid — Кам'яний Брід (Каменный Брод)
Vergunci Vergunka — Вергунка Verhunka — Вергунка
Notes: (1)Serbian names given in the Serbian Latin alphabet. (2)Ukrainian names are given in Latin transliterations and native Cyrillic forms.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Historical Dictionary of Ukraine by Ivan Katchanovski, Zenon E. Kohut, Bohdan Y. Nebesio, and Myroslav Yurkevich, vol. 2, Scarecrow Press, 2013; ISBN 081087847X, pp. 392-93, 584
  2. ^ Posunjko 2002, p. 36

ReferencesEdit

Mita Kostić (2001). "Nova Srbija i Slavenosrbija" (PDF). Novi Sad. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-06. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

  • Pavel Rudjakov, Seoba Srba u Rusiju u 18. veku, Beograd, 1995.
  • Olga M. Posunjko, Istorija Nove Srbije i Slavenosrbije, Novi Sad, 2002.