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Slaný (Czech pronunciation: [ˈslaniː]; German: Schlan) is a town in Kladno District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 16,000 inhabitants. It is located about 25 km northwest of Prague. The town is part of the Prague metropolitan area.
Centre with the St. Gotthard Church
|• Mayor||Martin Hrabánek|
|• Total||35.12 km2 (13.56 sq mi)|
|Elevation||234 m (768 ft)|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
273 79, 274 01
Villages of Blahotice, Dolín, Lotouš, Kvíc, Kvíček, Netovice, Otruby, Trpoměchy and Želevčice are administrative parts of Slaný.
The town is in the Slaný Plain (the northwestern part of a geomorphologic whole called the Prague Plain). The Červený Creek flows through it from the southwest to the northeast. Its dominant feature is Slánská Hill (330 m).
The first written mention of Slaný is from 1262. The town grew as a result of its location on the trade route between Prague and Saxony. The Benedictines established a hospital here in 1136, together with a church dedicated to St. Gotthard. It was this large presence of the church, and the unconsolidated state of landed property that went with it, that allowed king Wenceslaus II of Bohemia to charter Slaný as a town and give his royal assent to its Magdeburg rights only sometime in the decade after 1295. In 1348, an earthquake damaged the now-fortified town; in 1371, a large fire broke out, and the church had to be rebuilt.
Slaný was captured by the Taborites in 1425 during the Hussite Wars, and remained in their hands until 1434. Not only did the Benedictine monks have to leave — this town by the hill was also one of Hussite holy cities, and their preachers expected it to survive the anticipated end of the world. Later, the Hussite king George of Poděbrady gave Slaný many privileges, after the town had supported his election to the throne. The town also participated in the Bohemian Revolt that opened the Thirty Years' War, housing the family of king Frederick V of the Palatinate. After the Battle of White Mountain, that meant a defeat for the cause, the town suffered as a result of the ravages of war. Afterwards, the new Catholic possessors of Slaný, the Martinic, erected many a baroque church and edifice that, together with a new monastery, adorn the town to this day.
Since the middle of the 19th century, Czech has been the dominant language there. Industrial development was delayed until around 1860. An important engineering factory was built in 1872 and more followed. A factory producing batteries was founded in 1918. The infrastructure and amenities of a modern town have been gradually added since the second half of the 19th century.
- The town hall, symbol of the town (house from 1378, rebuilt after 1896 and in 1840)
- The Trinitarian Church, built 1581–1602, a monastery built in 1655–1662
- Former college of Piarists (built 1658, rebuilt 1877), today a museum
- St. Gothard's Gothic Church (originally from the 13th century)
- Renaissance houses
- Jan Šultys from Felsdorf (1560–1621), mayor of Kutná Hora, executed on the Old Town Square
- Karel Alois Vinařický (1803–1869), writer and translator
- Josef František Frič (1804–1876), lawyer, promoted Czech language in the legal area
- Václav Beneš Třebízský (1849–1884), priest and novelist
- Jan Malypetr (1873–1947), politician, prime minister of Czechoslovakia
- Oskar Fischer (1876–1942), psychiatrist and neuropathologist
- Olga Scheinpflugová (1902–1968), actress and author
- Felix Arnošt Heller (1924–1943), British Royal Air Force (RAF)
- Josef Pacák (1927–2010), chemist
- Karel Smyczek (born 1950), film director and screenwriter
- Jiří Tlustý (born 1988), ice hockey player
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
Slaný also cooperates with:
Slaný is a part of the Commonwealth of towns with hussite past and tradition, along with other 11 Czech and 6 German municipalities.
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
- "O Slaném". meuslany.cz (in Czech). Město Slaný. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
- Historical monuments of the town of Slaný
- "Města" (in Czech). Společenství měst s husitskou minulostí a tradicí. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
- Kubánek, Vladimír (2010). Královské město Slaný na pozadí historie. Brno.
- Dobner, Libor (2016). Slaný - kapitoly z historie královského města. Slaný: Roman Kabátek, Jiří Linke.
- Lacina, Josef (1885). Paměti královského města Slaného, I. Za svobody i v porobě. Slaný.
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