Sky Cinema is a British subscription film service owned by Sky Group (a division of Comcast). In the United Kingdom, Sky Cinema channels currently broadcast on the Sky satellite and Virgin Media cable platforms, and in addition Sky Cinema on demand content are available through these as well as via Now TV, BT TV and TalkTalk TV.

Sky Cinema
Sky Cinema - Logo 2020.svg
CountryUnited Kingdom
Programming
Picture format2160p UHDTV
(downscaled to 1080i and 16:9 576i for the HDTV and SDTV feeds respectively)
Ownership
OwnerSky Group (Comcast)
Sister channelsBlaze
Challenge
Crime & Investigation
Lifetime
Pick
Sky Arts
Sky Atlantic
Sky Comedy
Sky Crime
Sky Documentaries
Sky History
Sky History 2
Sky Max
Sky Nature
Sky News
Sky Showcase
Sky Sports
Sky Sports Box Office
Sky Sports F1
Sky Sports News
Sky Sports Racing
Sky Witness
History
Launched5 February 1989; 32 years ago (1989-02-05)
ReplacedThe Power Station on the BSB service
Former namesSky Movies (1989–1998, 2002–2016)
Links
Websitewww.sky.com/watch/channel/sky-cinema
Availability
Cable
Virgin Media (UK)Channels 401–412 (HD)
On Demand
Virgin Media (Ireland)Channels 301–309, 312, 318, 320
Channels 331–342 (HD)
Satellite
SkyChannels 301–311 (SD/HD)
Channel 312 (SD, +1)
Channels 848–854 (SD)
On Demand
IPTV
TalkTalk TVChannels 500–504, 506–511 (SD)
Channel 505 (SD, +1)
On Demand
Eir VisionChannels 301, 303–312 (SD)
BT TV (via Now TV)Channels 500–511 (SD)
Channels 514–525 (HD)
On Demand
Streaming media
Sky GoWatch live (UK & Ireland only)
Now TVWatch live (UK and Ireland only)
Virgin TV AnywhereWatch live (UK only)

In 2016, Sky rebranded its television film channel operations under one single branding on 8 July, the channels in the United Kingdom and Ireland were rebranded from Sky Movies to Sky Cinema; on 22 September in Germany and Austria, the Sky Cinema brand (originally used for the flagship network) was extended to the German channels in the group formerly known as Sky Film; the Italian Sky Cinema channels followed suit on 5 November by adopting the brand packages introduced in the United Kingdom and Ireland earlier.

HistoryEdit

1989–1998: Early yearsEdit

Launched on 5 February 1989, Sky Movies was originally a single service offered as part of Sky's original four-channel package – alongside Sky News, Eurosport and Sky Channel (later became Sky One) – on the Astra 1A satellite system,[citation needed] with the first film shown on this network at 6.00pm was 1987's Project X, starring Matthew Broderick.[clarification needed] Prior to its launch, Sky Movies signed first-run deals with 20th Century Fox, Paramount, Warner Bros. Entertainment, Columbia, Orion and Buena Vista Distribution Company (includes Touchstone and Disney).[citation needed] After one year of broadcasting free-to-air on 5 February 1990,[1] it became the first Sky channel to scramble its signal, using a encryption system called VideoCrypt which rendered the picture totally obscured to anyone attempting to view it without a decoder and smart card.[citation needed]

On 2 November 1990, Sky Television merged with rival British Satellite Broadcasting that acquires The Movie Channel, within the launch of the second Astra satellite (1B) becoming part of the Sky package on 15 April 1991 and the first film shown was 1989's Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, starring Harrison Ford and Sean Connery.[clarification needed] From the relaunch of the channel under BSkyB, this ident was made by Pacific Data Images and heavily based on NBC's movie opening used from 1987 to 1993.[clarification needed] Similarly, Sky Movies was made available to viewers on BSB's old satellite (on 8 April earlier that year) replaces the music channel The Power Station. During the same year, Sky Movies and The Movie Channel started broadcasting for 24 hours per day – which previously they had been on air from early afternoon until the early hours of the next morning.[2] In addition of these slots for 6.00pm, 8.00pm and 10.00pm, Sky Movies had several different film genres were used every evening such as:

  • Monday Night Comedy
  • Tuesday Night Action
  • Thursday Night Horror
  • After Dark – Used for Saturday and Wednesday nights at approximately 11.30pm, will feature erotic films with sexually explicit material and various adult-oriented content.

At the same time, The Movie Channel started to begin its evening films at the later slots of 6.15pm, 8.15pm and 10.15pm, also include showing classic and children's films (at around 4.00pm) during the daytime hours between early morning and late afternoons were used.

For three consecutive years in the early 1990s, Sky Movies carried several non-film premium content known as "special events" including World Wrestling Federation's annual matches, various music concerts and live boxing competitions such as the first event was Mike Tyson vs. Buster Douglas on 11 February 1990. This was because at this time all of Sky's other channels including Sky Sports, were shown free-to-air and during this period, the service was often referred to as Sky Movies Plus (up until 31 August 1993 shortly before the launch of the new Multichannels package). When Sky Sports became a pay channel on 1 September 1992, Sky Movies stopped showing non-movie related programming.

On 1 October 1992, The Comedy Channel was replaced by Sky Movies Gold, a service dedicated to "classic movies" from 4.00pm to midnight every day and it was added as a three-channel package, with the first film was 1976's Rocky (starring Sylvester Stallone) shown at 6.00pm on the new network.

From 1 February 1993, British Sky Broadcasting introduced a new system of ratings for Sky Movies, The Movie Channel and Sky Movies Gold were used at various times in different colours, replacing the British Board of Film Classification certificates which lasted over four years, and remained on air until 31 October 1997:

Colour Rating Description
Green U "Universal" – suitable for all audiences at any time.
Yellow PG "Parental Guidance" is recommended – some scenes may be unsuitable for young (or sensitive) children.
Orange 7 Suitable for transmission at 7.00pm, may also include edited versions of any otherwise unsuitable titles.
Blue 8 Suitable for transmission at 8.00pm, broadly in line with the BBFC 15 certificate.
Red 9 This classification reflecting the 9.00pm watershed, which covers films of more adult nature that may contain strong language or violence.
Maroon 10 Suitable for transmission at 10.00pm, is equivalent to the BBFC 18 certificate, and that is suitable for adult audiences only.
Purple 11 Suitable for transmission during 11.00pm, in which films of an explicit nature for adult viewing but mostly showing uncut versions, offer include martial arts and erotic films were also used.

The two main channels were rebranded under a common brand on 1 November 1997, Sky Movies became Sky Movies Screen 1 and The Movie Channel became Sky Movies Screen 2.[3] Following the major rebrand once again on 10 September 1998, as Sky Movies Screen 1 became Sky MovieMax, Sky Movies Screen 2 became Sky Premier and Sky Movies Gold was renamed Sky Cinema.[4]

1998–2007: Digital eraEdit

The launch of Sky Digital from the new Astra 28.2°E satellite position on 1 October 1998 was accompanied by a major expansion of channels.[5] Sky Premier and Sky MovieMax both added three multiplex channels each (Sky Premier 2 to 4 and Sky MovieMax 2 to 4), Sky Cinema launched Sky Cinema 2, and additionally, Sky Premier Widescreen – at the time was the only channel devoted to showing widescreen films were all launched exclusively on digital satellite.[citation needed] Also on the same year (15 November), Sky MovieMax and Sky Premier launched on the ONdigital terrestrial platform.[6] On 1 October 1999, Sky MovieMax 5 was launched.[7]

From 1 July 2002, as the Sky Movies channels saw yet another rebranding exercise, the Sky Premier channels were renamed Sky Movies Premier, the Sky MovieMax channels became Sky Movies Max and the Sky Cinema channels became Sky Movies Cinema.[8] Eventually in June 2003, Sky listened to demands for more widescreen films, the service was closed and the majority of films on the remaining channels were actually shown in widescreen.[9] On 1 November 2003, the Sky Movies Premier and Sky Movies Max channels were all brought under one banner as simply Sky Movies 1 to 9. At the same time, Sky Movies Cinema 1 and 2 became Sky Cinema 1 and 2.[10]

Sky Movies along with numerous other channels became available to watch via Sky Mobile TV in 2005, in partnership with Vodafone.[11] From 30 January 2006, Sky Movies 9 and the new Sky Movies 10 started broadcasting from 5.00pm to 3.00am. They were PIN-protected, meaning that for the first time when films with a BBFC 15 certificate were able to be shown as early as 5.00pm. With the launch of Sky HD, the two channels were also available in a high-definition format.[12]

2007–2016: Sky Movies goes categorisedEdit

From 4 April 2007, the Sky Movies channels were revamped with each service covering a different genre,[13] but three of the HD channels have launched already before the other:[citation needed]

  • Premiere (includes +1)
  • Comedy
  • Action & Thriller
  • Family
  • Drama
  • Classics
  • Sci-Fi & Horror
  • Modern Greats
  • Indie
  • HD1 and HD2

Sky later made Sky Movies HD1 and HD2 available to subscribers without HDTV equipment through two channels simulcasting the same content in SDTV format, the channels were known as Sky Movies SD1 and SD2. These channels were renamed Sky Movies Screen 1 and Screen 2 in February 2008, and the HDTV channels were renamed Sky Movies Screen 1 HD and Screen 2 HD accordingly.[14] On 20 March 2008, an additional high-definition film channel called Sky Movies Premiere HD, which is a simulcast version of the current Sky Movies Premiere channel, was added after many requests for the channel from Sky HD subscribers.[original research?]

Sky also announced that in October 2008, they would launch six new high-definition simulcast channels called Sky Movies Action/Thriller HD, Sky Movies Sci-Fi/Horror HD, Sky Movies Drama HD, Sky Movies Modern Greats HD, Sky Movies Family HD and Sky Movies Comedy HD.[15] This means that almost all Sky Movies channels are broadcast in both standard- and high-definition except for Sky Movies Premiere +1, Sky Movies Classics and Sky Movies Indie which remained standard-definition only until Sky Movies Indie HD launched on 26 October 2009.[16][17] Sky Movies were rebranded as the part of the various Sky channels on 1 January 2010.

On 26 March 2010, some Sky Movies channels were renamed, the new Sky Movies Showcase that replaces Sky Movies Screen 1 were devoted to box sets, collections and seasons. Sky Movies also reshuffled its bouquet of ten channels to achieve greater "clarity" for subscribers. The changes included Sky Movies Action & Thriller becoming Sky Movies Action & Adventure, Sky Movies Drama becoming Sky Movies Drama & Romance and Sky Movies Screen 2 becoming Sky Movies Crime & Thriller.[18] The Sky Movies HD channels launched on the Virgin Media platform on 2 August 2010.[19]

Sky Movies Classics HD launched on 9 August 2010 was exclusively on Sky,[20] and the channel was also added to Virgin Media on 4 October 2011.[original research?] Smallworld Cable added the Sky Movies HD channels to their line-up in the first quarter of 2012,[21] followed by UPC Ireland on 16 August 2012.[22]

On 28 March 2013, Sky Movies Disney was launched effectively replaces Disney Cinemagic, as part of a multi-year film output deal between Sky and The Walt Disney Company.[23] This marks the first time that Disney has been involved in a co-branded linear film channel anywhere in the world,[24] included new Disney films are available on Sky Movies Disney around six months after they have ended their cinema run. To facilitate the channel, Sky Movies Classics has ceased broadcasting, when Sky Movies Modern Greats was rebranded as Sky Movies Greats and Sky Movies Indie became Sky Movies Select,[25][26] whether the content of the three former brands was merged into Select and Greats.[27]

2016–present: Rebrand and 4K UHDEdit

On 15 June 2016, Sky announced that Sky Movies would rebrand as Sky Cinema on 8 July within this change aligns the channel's naming with those of Sky's film services in other European countries, in consort with Sky plc's takeover of Sky Deutschland and Sky Italia. To compete with subscription video-on-demand services, Sky announced that the rebranded network would premiere "a new film each day", and that it would expand the service's on-demand library. Sky also announced plans to launch a 4K ultra-high-definition feed later in the year.[28][29] 4K films became available on 13 August 2016 for Sky Q customers in a 2TB box with Sky Cinema and multi-screen packs, as well as 70 were available by the end of 2016.[30]

On 22 June 2020, Sky added a content warning to several older films stating that they "have outdated attitudes, language, and cultural depictions which may cause offence today".[31]

On 23 July 2020, Sky Cinema launched a twelfth channel, Sky Cinema Animation, replaces Sky Cinema Premiere +1 on Sky and Virgin Media UK. Sky Cinema Premiere +1 continued to air on Virgin Media Ireland until its removal on 13 August 2020.[32] The timeshift resumed broadcasting on 6 January 2021, replacing Sky Cinema Disney, which officially closed on 30 December 2020 and was temporarily replaced by Sky Cinema Five Star Movies from the next day (31 December) until Premiere +1's return on 6 January 2021.[33]

On 5 August 2021, Sky agreed a deal with ViacomCBS to launch Paramount+ in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Italy, Germany, Switzerland and Austria by 2022. The app will be available on Sky Q, and Sky Cinema subscribers will have access to Paramount+ at no charge.[34]

ChannelsEdit

Sky regularly gives one, two or three of their Sky Cinema channels a temporary rebrand to air different kinds of seasonal or promotional programming. This table is just an example of some temporary channel rebrandings were included on the list.

CurrentEdit

Channel name[35] Temporary rebrands[36][37][38][39][40][41]
Sky Cinema Premiere N/A
Sky Cinema Select Sky Cinema Adventure
Sky Cinema Best of...
Sky Cinema Blockbusters
Sky Cinema Classics
Sky Cinema Cops & Robbers
Sky Cinema DC Heroes
Sky Cinema Feel Good
Sky Cinema Gangsters
Sky Cinema Harry Potter
Sky Cinema Lord of the Rings
Sky Cinema Musicals
Sky Cinema Spooky
Sky Cinema Star Wars
Sky Cinema Superheroes
Sky Cinema Tom Hanks
Sky Cinema Transformers
Sky Cinema Twilight
Sky Cinema Westerns
Sky Cinema Will Smith
Sky Cinema Wizarding World
Sky Cinema Hits Sky Cinema DC Heroes
Sky Cinema Fast & Furious
Sky Cinema Matt Damon
Sky Cinema Megahits
Sky Cinema Pirates of the Caribbean
Sky Cinema Pixar
Sky Cinema Spooky
Sky Cinema Greats Sky Cinema Back to the Future
Sky Cinema Brits
Sky Cinema Denzel Washington
Sky Cinema Harry Potter
Sky Cinema Jurassic
Sky Cinema M:I (Mission Impossible)
Sky Cinema Musicals
Sky Cinema Oscars
Sky Cinema Pets
Sky Cinema Pirates of the Caribbean
Sky Cinema School's Out
Sky Cinema Spies
Sky Cinema Star Trek
Sky Cinema Star Wars
Sky Cinema Superheroes
Sky Cinema Tom Cruise
Sky Cinema Tom Hanks
Sky Cinema Villains
Sky Cinema Animation N/A
Sky Cinema Family Sky Cinema Adventure
Sky Cinema Fairy Tales
Sky Cinema Harry Potter
Sky Cinema Kids Books
Sky Cinema Spooky
Sky Cinema Action Sky Cinema Action Men
Sky Cinema Heroes
Sky Cinema Wonder Women
Sky Cinema Comedy Sky Cinema Adam Sandler
Sky Cinema April Fools
Sky Cinema Thriller Sky Cinema Bourne
Sky Cinema Heists
Sky Cinema Spies
Sky Cinema Drama Sky Cinema Christmas
Sky Cinema Julia Roberts
Sky Cinema True Stories
Sky Cinema Valentine
Sky Cinema Weddings
Sky Cinema Women in Film
Sky Cinema Sci-Fi & Horror Sky Cinema Aliens
Sky Cinema Halloween
Sky Cinema Monsters
Sky Cinema Sky-Fi
Sky Cinema Star Wars
Sky regularly gives their Sky Cinema channels temporary rebrands to air different kinds of seasonal or promotional programming.

FormerEdit

Channel name[42] Closed date Temporary rebrands[43][37][38][39][40][41]
Sky Cinema Disney 31 December 2020 Sky Cinema Pixar
Sky Cinema Five Star Movies (Temporary rebrand from 31 December 2020 until its removal on 6 January 2021)

Original productionsEdit

Sky Cinema has a dedicated production team that produces over 100 hours of original film-related programming each year – including Sky Cinema News (a half-hour weekly film release round-up) and The Top Ten Show (formerly the UK/US Box Office Top Tens). In addition, Sky's close relationships with the film studios means it regularly gets exclusive access for on-set to talenting one-off 'making-ofs' and various talent-based programming.[citation needed]

In 1998, Elisabeth Murdoch (who was BSkyB's director of channels and services at the time) advocated Sky setting up a film funding and production unit (similar to BBC Films and Film4 Productions). The result was Sky Pictures, which existed in order to investing both low-budget and mainstream British films. However, following a lack of success and her decision to leave Sky and set up her own production company called Shine, as the unit was scaled back and closed in 2001.[citation needed]

In January 2018, Sky announced a partnership with film distributor Altitude Film Distribution, with the launch of Sky Cinema Original Films, this new brand would distribute films for Sky Cinema's on-demand service, as well as release them into cinemas. The first film under the new banner was the United Kingdom release of the 2017 animated film Monster Family. Other films like The Hurricane Heist, Anon, Final Score and Extremely Wicked, Shockingly Evil and Vile have also been released.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "SKY CLAIMS BIG RESPONSE FOR PAY TV". Screen Digest.
  2. ^ "TWO EURO SATELLITE CHANNELS FALL FROM GRACE". Screen Digest.
  3. ^ "Sky Channels To Be Rebranded". Mediatel. 10 October 1997.
  4. ^ "Second Sky Rebranding in Nine Months". Mediatel. 22 July 1998.
  5. ^ "About Sky". Sky.com. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  6. ^ https://www.campaignlive.co.uk/article/media-ondigital-challenge-sky-unfazed-supply-problems-its-set-top-boxes-pay-tv-company-ondigital-remains-optimistic-its-recent-launch-its-power/60262
  7. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/19991103190355/http://wotsat.com:80/
  8. ^ "1st for digital satellite TV news - What Satellite TV Online". 6 December 2003. Archived from the original on 6 December 2003. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  9. ^ "1st for Sky Digital and satellite TV news - What Satellite & Digital TV Online - Freeview and Sky Digital". 6 December 2003. Archived from the original on 6 December 2003. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  10. ^ "1st for Sky Digital and satellite TV news - What Satellite & Digital TV Online - Freeview and Sky Digital". 6 December 2003. Archived from the original on 6 December 2003. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  11. ^ "BSkyB and Vodafone link up to deliver mobile TV service". 31 October 2005.
  12. ^ "1st for Sky Digital and satellite TV news - What Satellite & Digital TV Online - Freeview and Sky Digital news". 14 January 2006. Archived from the original on 14 January 2006. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  13. ^ "skymovies.com". Retrieved 19 May 2007.
  14. ^ "Name tweak for Sky Movies channels". Digital Spy. 24 December 2007.
  15. ^ "Sky launches seven new HD channels". Broadband TV News. 20 August 2008.
  16. ^ "October on Indie". Sky Movies. Archived from the original on 1 October 2009.
  17. ^ "Sky Movies Indie goes HD". Broadcast. 30 September 2009.
  18. ^ "Sky Movies Screen 1 to become Showcase". Digital Spy. 18 February 2010.
  19. ^ "Virgin Media Shows Its Competitors the Red Card". Virgin Media. 20 July 2010.
  20. ^ "SKY MOVIES CLASSICS GOES HD" (PDF). Sky Programme Information. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
  21. ^ "Sky Sports, Sky Movies to launch in HD on Smallworld Cable". Digital Spy. 2 November 2011.
  22. ^ "UPC adds 19 Sky channels in HD". TechCentral. 15 August 2012.
  23. ^ "Sky Movies Disney: new channel to show UK TV film premieres". The Guardian. 21 February 2013.
  24. ^ "Sky Movies Disney channel to launch on Sky in March". Digital Spy. 21 February 2013.
  25. ^ "BARB Reported Channels". Overnights.tv. 22 March 2013. Sky Movies Classics will cease broadcasting on 27th March 2013.
  26. ^ "BARB Reported Channels". Overnights.tv. 14 March 2013. Sky Movies Modern Greats will rebrand to Sky Movies Greats on 28th March, 2013. Sky Movies Indie will rebrand to Sky Movies Select on 28 March 2013.
  27. ^ "Sky Movies: new channels, new line-up". Sky Movies. 4 March 2013.
  28. ^ "Sky Movies rebrand to feature one premiere a day". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  29. ^ "Sky Movies is changing to Sky Cinema, but what has really changed?". Recombu.com. 15 June 2016.
  30. ^ "Sky Q major software update rolling out: Here's what your Sky Q box can do now – Pocket-lint". www.pocket-lint.com.
  31. ^ "Sky adds "outdated attitudes" warnings to some movies". Raidió Teilifís Eireann. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  32. ^ "Sky Cinema are launching a channel dedicated to animated movies". Tellymix. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
  33. ^ "Sky Cinema Disney To Close This Month | What's On Disney Plus". 8 December 2020. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  34. ^ Szalai, Georg (5 August 2021). "ViacomCBS Teams With Comcast's Sky to Launch Paramount+ in Europe". The Hollywood Reporter.
  35. ^ "Sky Cinema Month Pass | Now TV - Help". help.nowtv.com. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  36. ^ "List of line-up changes on Sky (UK and Ireland) in 2016 – TVCL – TV Channel Lists". Tvchannellists.com. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  37. ^ a b "List of line-up changes on Sky (UK and Ireland) in 2017 – TVCL – TV Channel Lists". Tvchannellists.com. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  38. ^ a b "List of line-up changes on Sky (UK and Ireland) in 2018 – TVCL – TV Channel Lists". Tvchannellists.com. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  39. ^ a b "List of line-up changes on Sky (UK and Ireland) in 2019 – TVCL – TV Channel Lists". Tvchannellists.com. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  40. ^ a b "List of line-up changes on Sky (UK and Ireland) in 2020 – TVCL – TV Channel Lists". Tvchannellists.com. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  41. ^ a b "List of line-up changes on Sky (UK and Ireland) in 2021 – TVCL – TV Channel Lists". Tvchannellists.com. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  42. ^ "Sky Cinema Month Pass | Now TV - Help". help.nowtv.com. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  43. ^ "List of line-up changes on Sky (UK and Ireland) in 2016 – TVCL – TV Channel Lists". Tvchannellists.com. Retrieved 7 November 2017.

External linksEdit