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Skopje International Airport

  (Redirected from Skopje "Alexander the Great" Airport)

Skopje International Airport[3][4][5] (Macedonian: Меѓународен аеродром Скопје, translit. Megjunaroden aerodrom Skopje, IATA: SKP, ICAO: LWSK), also known as Skopje Airport[6] (Macedonian: Аеродром Скопје, translit. Aerodrom Skopje) and previously known as Petrovec Airport (Macedonian: Аеродром Петровец, translit. Aerodrom Petrovec) and Skopje Alexander the Great Airport (Macedonian: Аеродром „Александар Велики“ Скопје, translit. Aerodrom "Aleksandar Veliki" Skopje), is the larger and busier of the two international airports in the Republic of Macedonia, with the other being the St. Paul the Apostle Airport in Ohrid which is located 170 km (110 mi) southwest[2] from the national capital Skopje.

Skopje International Airport

Меѓународен аеродром Скопје

Megjunaroden aerodrom Skopje
Skopje Airport - View of the main entrance by night (2018).jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic/Military
OperatorTAV Airports
ServesSkopje, Republic of Macedonia
LocationPetrovec
Hub forWizz Air
Elevation AMSL238 m / 781 ft
Coordinates41°57′40″N 021°37′37″E / 41.96111°N 21.62694°E / 41.96111; 21.62694Coordinates: 41°57′40″N 021°37′37″E / 41.96111°N 21.62694°E / 41.96111; 21.62694
Websiteskp.airports.com.mk
Map
SKP is located in Republic of Macedonia
SKP
SKP
Location in Republic of Macedonia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
16/34 3,042 9,992 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers1,868,272[1]
Passenger change 16–17Increase13.3%
Source: Republic of Macedonia AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

The airport was built in 1928.

The first commercial flights in Skopje were introduced in 1929 when the Yugoslav carrier Aeroput introduced a route linking the city with the capital, Belgrade.[7] A year later the route was extended to Thessaloniki in central Macedonia, Greece, and further extended to Greek capital Athens in 1933.[7]

In 1935 Aeroput linked Skopje with Bitola and Niš, and also operated a longer international route linking Vienna and Thessaloniki through Zagreb, Belgrade and Skopje.[7]

After the Second World War, Aeroput was replaced by JAT Yugoslav Airlines, which linked Skopje to a number of domestic and international destinations until the dissolution of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s.

Development since the 2000sEdit

In December 2006, the conservative VMRO-DPMNE-led government of the Republic of Macedonia renamed the airport after Alexander the Great, sparking further controversy in the ongoing diplomatic feud with Greece. Both countries consider Alexander the Great as part of their respective heritages, demonstrated by the fact that the regional airport of Kavala in Greek Macedonia is also named after Alexander. However, the airport in Kavala was the first to be named as such since 1992.[8][9]

In 2008 the Macedonian Government signed a contract with the Turkish company Tepe Akfen Ventures (TAV) for a twenty-year-long concession during which this company would manage Macedonia's two existing airports - the Skopje Alexander the Great Airport and the St. Paul the Apostle Airport in Ohrid. In September 2011, the new terminal building, extension of the runway, new administrative building, cargo building and new access road with parking facilities were opened.[10] The goal of the project is to increase the capacity of Skopje Airport to four million passengers per year with plans to turn Skopje Airport into a major transit and cargo hub for Southeast Europe.[citation needed]

In February 2018 Alexander the Great was dropped from the airport's name in a move to improve relations with Greece.[11] A few months before Aegean Airlines announced future flights between Athens and Skopje,[12] the first flights to Greece for several years, despite with the ongoing tensions between the naming dispute for both countries. These were planned for June 2018 but are delayed waiting for approval by the Greek government.[13]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

StatisticsEdit

Traffic developmentEdit

The number of passengers has increased since 1990, from 312,492 passengers in that year, to 1,452,465 passengers in 2015. However, traffic was often dropped in twenty years. In 2000 the airport handled 1,005,852 passengers, but in 2001 the number of passengers dropped to 499,789.[15] This was influenced in part by a number of airlines replacing services to Skopje with services to nearby. In 2014 Skopje airport handled 1,208,359 passengers, surpassing one million for the first time since 2000.

Traffic figures at Skopje International Airport
Year Passengers Change Cargo (t) Change Aircraft movements Change
1991 397,660  27.3% 1,088  41.9% 7,158  106.5%
1992 390,025  1.9% 1,023  6.0% 7,079  1.1%
1993 577,425  48.0% 4,338  324.0% 10,681  50.9%
1994 603,447  4.5% 6,936  59.9% 10,803  1.1%
1995 583,053  3.4% 10,205  47.1% 11,692  8.2%
1996 422,598  27.5% 3,209  68.6% 8,618  26.3%
1997 440,988  4.4% 4,881  52.1% 8,995  4.4%
1998 511,784  16.1% 5,239  7.3% 10,321  14.7%
1999 840,985  64.3% 11,682  123.0% 23,912  131.7%
2000 1,005,852  19.6% 4,335  62.9% 24,234  1.3%
2001 499,789  50.3% 3,262  28.8% 16,673  31.2%
2002 520,497  4.1% 3,271  0.3% 13,725  17.7%
2003 500,012  3.9% 2,083  36.3% 12,428  9.4%
2004 497,105  0.6% 2,004  3.8% 10,940  12.0%
2005 525,965  5.8% 1,815  9.4% 12,101  10.6%
2006 547,198  4.0% 1,903  4.8% 12,637  4.4%
2007 626,144  14.4% 2,194  15.3% 13,085  3.5%
2008 658,367  5.1% 2,771  26.3% 10,666  18.5%
2009 602,298  8.5% 2,125  23.3% 9,871  7.5%
2010 716,000  18.9% - - - -
2011 759,918  6.1% 2,376 - 10,977 -
2012 828,831  9.1% 2,297  3.3% 10,418  5.1%
2013 984,407  18.8% 2,504  9.0% 11,276  8.2%
2014 1,208,359  22.7% 3,422  36.7% 13,210  17.2%
2015 1,452,465  20.2% 2,649  22.6% 14,451  9.4%
2016 1,649,374  13.6% 3,090  10.9% 15,407  6.6%
2017 1,868,272  13.3% 2,744  11.2% 16,680  8.3%
2018 (1 Jan.-30 Sep.) 1,660,439  18.1% 2,482  20.3% 14,039  12.3%

Busiest routesEdit

City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(Summer 2018)
Airlines
  Istanbul Istanbul Atatürk Airport and Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen 20 Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
  Vienna Vienna Airport 15 Austrian Airlines
  Zürich Zürich Airport 14 Edelweiss, Germania Flug
  Belgrade Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport 13 Air Serbia
  Zagreb Franjo Tuđman Airport Zagreb 12 Croatia Airlines
      Basel Switzerland, Mulhouse France, Freiburg Germany EuroAirport Basel/Mulhouse/Freiburg 7 Wizz Air
  Malmö Malmö Airport 7 Wizz Air
  Ljubljana Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport 7 Adria Airways
  London London Luton 5 Wizz Air

Most frequent routesEdit

Top 6 most frequent routes at Skopje International Airport
City Airport(s) Airline(s) Market Share (1st half of 2018)
  Istanbul Atatürk Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines 10.8%
  Zürich Zürich Airport Germania Flug, Edelweiss Air, Helvetic Airways 7.8%
      Basel Switzerland, Mulhouse France, Freiburg Germany Basel/Mulhouse Airport Wizz Air 5.3%
  Vienna Vienna Airport Austrian Airlines 5.7%
  Malmö Malmö Airport Wizz Air 4.5%
  Bratislava Bratislava Airport Wizz Air 3.4%

Top CarriersEdit

Rank Carrier Market share (1st half of 2018)
1   Wizz Air 60.3%
2   Turkish Airlines 7.8%
3   Austrian Airlines 5.7%
4   Germania Flug 4.5%
5   Edelweiss 3.8%
6   Pegasus Airlines 3.7%
7   Croatia Airlines 3.4%

Ground transportationEdit

Taxis to Skopje are available. There is also a bus service linking the airport and the city with stops at Capitol Mall, International Bus/Railway Station and Hotel Holiday Inn/City Centre.

Incidents and accidentsEdit

  • On 24 July 1992, an Antonov 12BK of Volga-Dnepr Airlines, crashed on a mountain Lisec village, on approach at Skopje Airport, after the crew strayed off course while trying to circumnavigate a thunderstorm because the DME at Skopje Airport was inoperative. All 8 occupants died and the plane was written off.[16]
  • On 5 March 1993, Palair Macedonian Airlines Flight 301, a Fokker 100 bound for Zurich, crashed seconds after takeoff from runway 34. Investigation into the accident determined the cause of the accident to be the failure of the flight crew to have the aircraft deiced before departure. Of the 97 people on board, 83 died.[17]
  • On 12 January 2008, a Mil Mi-17 of the Macedonian Air Force, from Mostar en route to Skopje Airport, crashed on a hill near Katlanovsko Blato in dense fog and burned out. All 11 occupants died and the helicopter was written off.[18]
  • On 13 February 2009, Austrian Airlines Flight OS780, Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 scheduled flight from Skopje to Vienna failed to retract landing gear after take-off and performed an emergency landing on Skopje Airport.[19][20][21]
  • On 14 November 2011, a private flight Socata TBM700N (TBM850), from Maastricht Achen Airport to Skopje, hit several treetops and approach light while landing and missed the extended asphalt of the runway and touched down on grass. All five occupants escaped unharmed. The plane received substantial damage and was sent to Daher-Socata at Tarbes-Lourdes-Pyrénées Airport for repairs.[22]
  • On 11 February 2012, Czech Airlines Flight 848, Boeing 737-55S a scheduled flight from Prague to Skopje made an emergency landing at Skopje, because of reported smoke that came out of the aircraft. Airport firefighters and ambulance were alarmed. The plane had a minor damage and all passengers escaped uninjured.[23]
  • On 6 September 2016, a private Piper PA-34-200T Seneca II crashed near Vetersko, Veles while landing in Skopje, killing all 6 on board. The aircraft was written off.[24]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ex-YU Aviation. TAV Airports. 2012. p. 86. Retrieved 2018-01-14.
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  3. ^ "Macedonia says ready to change its name and end row with Greece". www.euronews.com. 6 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Од 53-тата седница на Владата на РМ: Автопатот „Александар Македонски" преименуван во „Пријателство"; новото име на аеродромот „Александар Велики" е „Аеродром Скопје"..." Влада на Република Македонија. 6 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  5. ^ "Премиерот Заев: Македонија направи значителен напредок на својот европски пат, ова е заеднички успех на сите граѓани". Влада на Република Македонија. 6 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  6. ^ Airport information for LWSK at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  7. ^ a b c Drustvo za Vazdusni Saobracaj A D – Aeroput (1927-1948) at europeanairlines.no
  8. ^ "Skopje's airport to be named "Alexander the Great"". Kathimerini. 2006-12-29. Retrieved 2006-12-26.
  9. ^ "Makfax". Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  10. ^ "Денис Звиздиќ номиниран за претседател на новиот Совет на министри на БиХ". Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  11. ^ "Macedonia says ready to change its name and end row with Greece". Reuters. 7 February 2018. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  12. ^ Press-room. "Aegean: 18 νέα δρομολόγια το 2018 - Airnews". www.airnews.gr. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  13. ^ Aegean maintains Skopje launch plans
  14. ^ skp.airports.com.mk - Timetable retrieved 28 October 2016
  15. ^ "AirportsBase :: Skopje Airport". Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  16. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov 12BK CCCP-11342 Skopje Airport (SKP)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  17. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Fokker 100 PH-KXL Skopje Airport (SKP)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  18. ^ Ranter, Harro. "Accident Cessna 172N Skyhawk 100 II Z3-DCV, 28 Aug 2008". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  19. ^ "My Info Agent". Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  20. ^ "2 Dash 8 emergency landings in Skopje, Macedonia - PPRuNe Forums". Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  21. ^ "AUA-Maschine musste nach Start in Skopje umkehren". derStandard.at. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  22. ^ Ranter, Harro. "Incident Socata TBM700N (TBM850) F-HBGE, 14 Nov 2011". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  23. ^ Ranter, Harro. "Incident Boeing 737-55S OK-XGC, 11 Feb 2012". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  24. ^ Ranter, Harro. "Accident Piper PA-34-200T Seneca II D-GLLW, 06 Sep 2016". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 7 February 2018.

External linksEdit