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A map of the Island of Sodor showing the railway system – the Skarloey Railway is shown in red.

The Skarloey Railway is a fictional narrow gauge railway on the Island of Sodor. It first appeared in The Railway Series by Rev. W. Awdry.

In the stories, the railway runs from the main line at Crovan's Gate to the passenger terminus at Skarloey. Beyond Skarloey the line continues to a slate quarry. Its is run by the Thin Controller, and its chief engineer is Ivo Hugh. The line was inspired by the Talyllyn Railway in Wales, where Rev. W. Awdry worked as a volunteer guard in the 1950s. The Talyllyn railway was owned by Sir Haydn Jones MP who inspired the character of Sir Handel Brown in the books.

The railway was central to the books Four Little Engines, The Little Old Engine, Gallant Old Engine, Very Old Engines, Great Little Engines and New Little Engine. It played a significant supporting role in Mountain Engines and Duke the Lost Engine.

(Fictional) HistoryEdit

Map of the Skarloey Railway

The Rev. W Awdry based his stories on real incidents on the real railways. In order to ensure consistency and accuracy, Awdry developed a 'history' for the Island of Sodor and its railways, which was published to accompany the series. The history was set in context, and dates were determined to be consistent with the real world.

In the case of the Skarloey Railway, its history closely parallels that of the Talyllyn Railway in Wales. According to the "research" by the Rev. Awdry, the line began as a plateway and was opened in 1806 to collect copper ore and later slate from the local quarries. It was worked by gravity and carried mineral traffic that was shipped from Balladswail. Following the Ffestiniog Railway's lead in 1863, James Spooner was engaged in surveying a line for steam locomotives. It was also planned to develop passenger traffic for tourists to the Springs at Skarloey where there would be hotels and guest houses.

It was later realized that the line could carry visitors to the local landmarks of Skarloey (which means 'Lake in the Woods') and Rheneas ('Divided Waterfall'). Like all railways at this time, it was powered by horses, but by 1865 the railway's owners decided they needed steam engines to help out. They ordered two engines from the locomotive builders Fletcher Jennings Ltd in Whitehaven, England. These engines were Skarloey and Rheneas.

Skarloey and Rheneas worked hard for many years, but eventually, the demand for slate decreased due to cheaper slate being imported from Italy. After World War II the railway was in a poor state, and the old mines had become ammunition dumps. The owner, Sir Handel Brown, thought he would have to sell the railway. At this point, the railway was taken over by Mr. Peter Sam, who became the Thin Controller. With the help of Mr. Ivo Hugh and a number of volunteers, they managed to keep the railway going. The railway's main source of income was now tourist traffic.

Eventually, Skarloey failed and Rheneas was left to manage alone, which he did admirably until Peter Sam and Sir Handel were bought from the Mid Sodor Railway to help out. Later they purchased Rusty and Duncan.

It was around this time that the slate quarries were reopened. The slate from these quarries was pure and free from metallic impurities, which meant it was in demand as other slate demand fell.

In 1965 (the year that Very Old Engines was published) the railway celebrated the 100th birthday of Skarloey and Rheneas with the opening of a new branch line to Lakeside by the Duke of Sodor. A second triumph came in 1969 when Duke was saved and brought to the railway, where he was repaired and now works the passenger trains.

Since the centenary celebrations of 1965, the railway has purchased a new diesel, Fred, and built a new steam engine Ivo Hugh.


No. Skarloey locomotive Talyllyn equivalent Notes
1 Skarloey Talyllyn Originally an 0-4-0 without a cab, later had trailing wheels added to improve stability. At this time, he had a cab added.
2 Rheneas Dolgoch Built without a cab, later had one added.
3 Sir Handel Sir Haydn Falcon from the Mid Sodor Railway. A Falcon type engine, renamed after his new Railway's owner
4 Peter Sam Edward Thomas Stuart from the Mid Sodor Railway. A Tattoo class engine built by Kerr Stuart and Co, renamed after his new Railway's Controller.
5 Rusty Midlander built by Ruston & Hornsby
6 Duncan Douglas Introduced as a spare engine after Peter Sam's accident with trucks.
7 Ivo Hugh Tom Rolt Named after the Railway's first General Manager, who helped to keep the railway running during the early preservation era. Carries the same number as Freddie.
8 Duke Based on Prince from the Ffestiniog Railway.
9 Fred Alf Never seen, only mentioned. Rusty once pulled a weedkiller train for him.
Bertram Appears in the TV Series and is based on Palmerston from the Ffestiniog Railway.
Mighty Mac Based on the Double Fairlie locomotives of the Ffestiniog Railway. Only appears in the TV series.
7 Fearless Freddie Based on Russell from the Welsh Highland Railway. Only appears in the TV series. Carries the same number as Ivo Hugh.
22 Luke Based on a Kerr Stuart Wren named Peter Pan from the Leighton Buzzard Light Railway. Only appears in the TV series.


In The Railway Stories books, all of the steam engines are painted the same bright red colour with a simple blue lining except for Duke (who retained the dark red-brown paint from his days on the Mid Sodor Railway) and Rusty, who is painted charcoal-black. Unusually, the engines did not have nameplates; their names were just painted directly in gold on the side of the saddle tank or boiler, as to had been the case on the Talyllyn Railway before the Preservation Society took over. The other diesels are painted dark-grey. The steam locomotive livery features lots of polished brass-work and is largely unchanged since the opening of the railway (judging by the illustrations in Very Old Engines, although these show a more elaborate blue and yellow lining scheme).

In the TV series, all of the engines are painted in completely different colours. This was presumably to assist the show's young fans in identifying the different engines. While Skarloey retained his Railway Series colour (with the exception of the white and yellow lining), his friend Rheneas was painted vermillion. Sir Handel and Peter Sam retained the colours that they wore when they were named Falcon (blue) and Stuart (green) on the Mid Sodor Railway. Rusty was painted rusted-orange which, according to a Thomas the Tank Engine annual, led to his name. Duncan was painted bright yellow with a black lining.


Agnes, Ruth, Lucy, Jemima and Beatrice are based on Talyllyn Railway carriages 1–5. The brake van Cora is based on the Corris Railway brake van that now runs on the Talyllyn. Open coaches Ada, Jane and Mabel were rebuilt to a more conventional outline when funds became available and are based on Talyllyn Railway carriages 11, 12, 13. Gertrude and Millicent, bogie coaches, are based on Talyllyn Railway carriages 9 & 10. There are also longer coaches which are supposedly Talyllyn Railway carriages 16 and 18-23.

No. Skarloey carriage Notes
1 Agnes First class coach, is something of a snob.
2 Ruth Third class coach.
3 Lucy Third class coach
4 Jemima Third class coach. Jemima appears to be hard of hearing in the book Four Little Engines.
5 Beatrice Guard's Van, also has a ticket office from which the guard may sell tickets.
6 Cora Guard's Van, these days used for maintenance duties. Rescued from the Mid Sodor Railway.
7 Ada Rescued from the Mid Sodor Railway.
8 Jane Rescued from the Mid Sodor Railway.
9 Mabel Mabel actually does not appear along with Ada and Jane. She appears two stories later, in Little Old Twins. Rescued from the Mid Sodor Railway.
10 Gertrude Bogie coach. Rescued with Millicent from the Mid Sodor Railway.
11 Millicent Bogie coach with a guard. Rescued with Gertrude from the Mid Sodor Railway.


In The Railway Stories books, the open carriages and guard's vans are painted blue (very similar to the British Rail rail blue). The enclosed carriages are painted off-white (upper half) and blue (lower).


There have been a number of people associated with the railway who have appeared in the stories and TV Series.

Thin ControllerEdit

Known properly as Mr. Peter Sam, the Thin Controller is the manager of the Skarloey Railway. A year before the arrival of Sir Handel and Peter Sam, he had to serve as guard for all the trains.

The Thin Controller was introduced in Four Little Engines, the tenth volume of the Railway Series and has now been introduced into the Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends TV series as Mr. Percival, the narrow-gauge controller. He is based upon Edward Thomas general manager of the Talyllyn Railway.

According to Sodor: Reading Between the Lines, there are two thin controllers.

  • Mr. Peter Sam - The Thin Controller I
  • Mr. Roger Sam - The Thin Controller II

Sir Handel BrownEdit

Former owner of the railway, there have been two Sir Handel Browns:

  • Sir Handel Brown I
  • Sir Handel Brown II

Ivo HughEdit

Ivo Hugh was one half of the two-man train crew in the final days of two-engine operation, alongside The Thin Controller. He was also the line's Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) and became Rusty's driver, upon the diesel locomotive's arrival.

Hugh had retired by the time of New Little Engine and had the honour of having the railway's new No. 7 named after him.

His son succeeded him as the new CME.

Other charactersEdit

  • Mrs. Last – first appears in the book Four Little Engines. She is a passenger who arrives late for her train. (She has not appeared in the TV series.)
  • The Refreshment Lady – Although she never receives a name in the stories, she is very popular with the passengers, selling drinks and ices on hot days. She was once left behind by Peter Sam by mistake, an incident inspired by Reverend Awdry's own experience working as a guard on the Talyllyn Railway - albeit on that occasion, he admitted that the mistake was his fault rather than that of the engine!
  • Nancy the Guard's Daughter – A young girl who used to polish the engines. She was a friend to the engines, and Skarloey told her the story of his early life in the book Very Old Engines. She is now grown up, and lives with her husband on the Isle of Man.
  • Mr. Mack – former controller of the railway.
  • Mr. Bobbie – An engineer from Fletcher Jennings & Company, who had worked on the construction of Skarloey. He was brought over when Skarloey misbehaved on his first arrival.
  • The Duke of Sodor – A British peer, and, jointly with the British monarch, the island's hereditary "monarch". He succeeded as a minor after his father was killed in the Second World War, and, as a young man in his twenties, appears only in the book Very Old Engines, where he formally opens the loop line extension around the lake in 1965. He was introduced into the TV series with his correct original title of Earl of Sodor; he is only called "Duke" by some of the people of Sodor.
  • Lizzie and Kathy – These girls worked on the Skarloey Railway during the 1990s, again polishing the engines. Their parents worked on the Talyllyn Railway and came to the Island of Sodor on holiday.
  • Mr. Percival – The Thin Controller as portrayed in the Thomas and Friends TV series. He first appeared in Season 9.
  • Mrs. Percival – Mr. Percival's wife who first appears in season 10.
  • Percival Twins – Mr. and Mrs. Percival's children who appear in season 12.


Skarloey Railway
Slate Works
Lakeside Loop
Hawin Doorey
Crovan's Gate
North Western Railway

Glennock station, as portrayed in Four Little Engines, is based on Aberllefenni Station on the Corris Railway.

The works at Crovan's Gate are based on Tywyn Pendre on the Talyllyn Railway.

The railway runs from Crovan's Gate, to Cros-ny-Cuirn, then stopping at Glennock, calling at Rheneas before starting the Lakeside loop line, which stops at Lakeside and finally the line ended at Skarloey.

In the television series it also calls at Middle, Elephant Park, Tea Room, Bluebell Valley, Mountain Village, and Rumblin Bridge.

In the television series the railway runs from The Wharf, to west to Crovan's Gate, then north south of Rheneas where a line branches off and goes to Vicarstown, The main line continues the same path it does in the Railway Series.

Another line branches off near Lakeside and goes to Ulfstead Castle.

The Skarloey Railway on televisionEdit

The railway first appeared in the fourth season of Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends. At this time it closely followed the layout as portrayed in The Railway Series books, but from Season 5 it differed significantly, deviating further from the books at the same time as the route of the North Western Railway was significantly altered.

It appears to be part of the North Western Railway rather than an independent line. It was run by the Fat Controller, but from the ninth season onwards was under the control of "Mr Percival", a man strongly resembling the Thin Controller (as he is often referred to in the British version. Similarly, the American version occasionally refers to him as the Narrow Gauge Controller). Mr Hugh does not appear at all.

The railway has many more carriages in this version. Ada, Jane, Mabel, Gertrude and Millicent are entirely absent. Coaches resembling Agnes, Ruth, Lucy, Jemima, Beatrice and Cora do appear along with red coaches and coaches which are green upper half and cream lower half, but are unnamed and rarely speak. Ivo Hugh (the engine) has not appeared either, as the book in which he appeared (New Little Engine) has not been televised. However, the line has four new engines in this version named Bertram, Mighty Mac, "Fearless" Freddie, who acquired the number of Ivo Hugh, and Luke. Proteus was another engine originated from the TV series. He was never seen with the other engines, but Peter Sam once tried to find him and his magic lamp. He never succeeded. Years later, Peter Sam discovered a statue of Proteus that was put on display at the Showgrounds.

The Owner also does not appear.

Television episodes featuring the Skarloey Railway enginesEdit

  • Season 4
    • Granpuff
    • Sleeping Beauty
    • Bulldog
    • You Can't Win!
    • Four Little Engines
    • A Bad Day for Sir Handel
    • Peter Sam and the Refreshment Lady
    • Trucks/Rusty Helps Peter Sam
    • Home At Last
    • Rock 'n' Roll
    • Special Funnel
    • Steam Roller
    • Passengers and Polish
    • Gallant Old Engine
    • Rusty to the Rescue
    • Thomas and Stepney
    • Bowled Out
    • Fish (stock footage)
  • Season 5
    • Bye George!
    • Stepney Gets Lost
    • Toby and the Flood (stock footage)
    • Toby's Discovery
    • Make Someone Happy (stock footage)
    • Duncan Gets Spooked
    • Rusty and the Boulder
    • Snow
  • Season 6
    • Dunkin' Duncan
    • Rusty Saves the Day
    • Faulty Whistles
  • Season 7
    • James and the Queen of Sodor (stock footage)
    • Bulgy Rides Again (stock footage)
    • The Old Bridge
    • Edward's Brass Band (deleted scene stock footage)
    • Rheneas and the Roller Coaster
    • Trusty Rusty
    • The Refreshment Lady's Tea Shop/The Refreshment Lady's Stand
    • Harold and the Flying Horse
    • The Grand Opening
    • The Runaway Elephant
    • Not So Hasty Puddings/Not So Hasty Cakes
  • Season 9
    • Mighty Mac
    • Tuneful Toots
    • Rheneas and the Dinosaur
    • The Magic Lamp
    • Duncan and the Old Mine
    • Skarloey the Brave
  • Season 10
    • Follow that Flour
    • A Smooth Ride
    • Duncan Drops a Clanger
    • Fearless Freddie
    • Which Way Now?
    • Wharf and Peace
    • Duncan's Bluff
    • Missing Trucks/Missing Cars
  • Season 11
    • Duncan Does it All
    • Sir Handel in Charge
    • Cool Truckings
    • Ding-a-Ling
    • Skarloey Storms Through
    • Wash Behind Your Buffers
  • Season 12
    • Mountain Marvel
    • The Party Surprise
    • Duncan and the Hot Air Balloon
    • Push Me, Pull You
  • Season 16
    • Don't Bother Victor!
    • The Christmas Tree Express
  • Season 17
    • Luke's New Friend
    • The Switch
    • Gone Fishing
  • Season 18
    • Disappearing Diesels
    • Duncan and the Grumpy Passenger
    • Long Lost Friend
    • Duncan the Humbug
    • Emily Saves the World
  • Season 20
    • Henry Gets the Express
    • Bradford the Brake Van
    • Saving Time
    • The Missing Breakdown Train
    • Engine of the Future
    • Tit for Tat
  • Season 21
    • Runaway Engine
  • Season 22
    • Tiger Trouble (stock footage)
    • Thomas' Animal Ark (stock footage)
    • The Case of the Puzzling Parts
    • Counting on Nia
  • Season 23
    • Chucklesome Trucks (stock footage)
    • Diesel Do Right
    • Steam Team to the Rescue
    • Diesel Glows Away
  • Specials
    • Calling All Engines!
    • The Great Discovery
    • Blue Mountain Mystery
    • King of the Railway
    • The Great Race
    • Journey Beyond Sodor

Episodes where Thomas is the main character but the Skarloey Railway engines are involvedEdit


External linksEdit