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Sixth grade (Year 6 in Australia, equivalent to P7 (Scotland); Year 7 elsewhere in the UK) is a year of education for students ages 11–12. In many nations, it is the first year of middle school or the last year of elementary school (or the first year of secondary school in England and Wales).
In Senegal, it would correspond to 6ème Lycee. It is the first grade of the third cycle called Collège (French).
In Morocco, it would correspond to the sixth and the last year of elementary school. It is the last year before middle school.
In Tanzania, it would correspond to darasa la sita. It is the second to last year of primary school
In Tunisia, it would correspond to the sixth and the last year of primary school. It is the last year before middle school.
In Uganda, it would correspond to P7 and the last year of Primary School. In Uganda, Primary School is the level after Nursery or Pre-primary and is usually attended by pupils between ages of 6-12 though sometimes it can be 5-11 for early beginners or 7-13 for late beginners. P7 is the last year before secondary school. Pupils sit National Examinations called Primary Leaving Examinations (PLE) set by the National Examinations Board (UNEB). Those that pass the examinations are eligible for admission to Secondary School.
In Afghanistan, Grade 6 is the first year of middle school. Students are aged 11–12.
In China, 6th grade would be the last year of elementary school. The students would be 11 or 12 years old, unless, of course, the student(s) has been held back.
In Kuwait, Grade 6 is the first year of middle school.
In Laos, Grade 6 is the first year of secondary school.
In Malaysia, the equivalent is Year 6 also known as Standard 6, as the Malaysia academic year starts in January, unlike in Europe, Canada, and the United States where it starts in August. Students will sit for an important exam called Ujian Penilaian Sekolah Rendah (UPSR), which translates from Malay into English as "Low/Elementary School Assessment Test", before graduating from elementary education. Standard 6 is the final primary/elementary school year before embarking into secondary /high school (Form 1). In Malaysia, primary education are commonly broken down into primary school and secondary school. There is no existence of middle school. Middle school and high school are lumped as secondary school.
In the Philippines, Grade 6 is the last year of elementary school.
In Singapore, E.T would be usually referred as Primary 6 and the students would be 11 or 12 years old. Students sit for an important exam called PSLE (Primary School Leaving Examination)
In Saudi Arabia, Grade 6 is the last year of elementary school.
In South Korea, Grade 6 is the final year of elementary school.
In Vietnam, Grade 6 is the first year of middle school.
In Israel, Grade 6 (called Kita Vav) is the final year of elementary school.
In Indonesia, Grade 6 (called Kelas 6) is the final year of elementary school. Students would be in the age of 10 in the half, 11, or 12 years old. Students have a final examination called Ujian Sekolah Berstandar Nasional (USBN). Before USBN, they have preparation called Try Out.
In Taiwan, Grade 6 will be in elementary school for education, prepare to the middle school.
In Hong Kong, Grade 6 (called Primary 6) is the final year of primary school. Students would be in the age of 11 or 12.
In Belgium 6th grade is equivalent to the 6th year of primary school, called 6e leerjaar in Dutch.
In Bulgaria, it would correspond to шести клас or 6-ти клас. Children in sixth grade are usually 12–13 years old.
In Finland, equivalent is grade 6 (ages 11–13). Sixth grade is the last grade before students start attending Middle School.
In Germany, it would be equivalent to 6. Klasse. Or 2. Klasse Gymnasium, Realschule and Hauptschule.
In Greece, the equivalent is the sixth school year of primary education school, referred to as Sixth Grade of Primary (Ekti Dimotikou - Έκτη Δημοτικού).
In the Republic of Ireland, the equivalent is "6th Class" or Rang a sé which is the eighth and final year of primary school.
In Lithuania, Grade 6 is the first year of secondary school. Students are aged 11–12.
In Malta, 6th grade is equivalent to Form 1 age of 11-12. This is the first year where students have different teachers for each subject but most schools have the same classroom for most of the subjects (such as Mathematics, English, Italian, French, science, Maltese etc.). This is the first year of secondary school.
In Portugal, the sixth grade (sexto ano, 6º ano) is the second year of the two-year 2º Ciclo do Ensino Básico that includes also the fifth grade. Starting with the school year of 2011/2012, students take final exams (provas finais) at the end of the sixth grade. But fifth and sixth grade are considered to be secondary school already.
In Spain, the sixth grade is called 6º de Primaria (Educación Primaria) and is the last year of Primaria, which can be roughly translated from Spanish as Middle School.
In Sweden 6th grade is called Sjätte Klass (6th class). Children in 6th class are usually 12–13 years old.
Its English and Welsh equivalent is Year 7, the first year of secondary school in most counties. Its Northern Irish equivalent is First Form or Year 8, which is also the first year of secondary school. The Scottish equivalent is P7, which is the last year of primary school.
The sixth grade is the sixth school year after kindergarten. Students are usually either 11 or 12, though could be younger or older, if they are promoted (skip grades) or held back for not reaching a standard.
In the United States, sixth grade has been considered the last year of elementary school or the first year of middle school. In some school districts it's the last year of Intermediate School. This can be seen at the local level, where adjacent districts can differ on what level sixth grade occupies.
Students still in Elementary school may continue to have a single teacher or more than one, but fewer than Middle school students. However, there have been schools where fifth graders (In Elementary) had five classes, and in sixth grade (Middle School) only had two classes/teachers who taught more than one subject. Students who attend private & faith based schools generally remain in grammar school for Kindergarten thru 8th grade, then go to high school in 9th grade (aka Freshmen), the same as public schools.
- In mathematics, students learn about fractions, decimals, exponents and pre-algebra. Geometry, graphs and physics are also taught, but usually as a primer to prepare the student for future learning.
- Exponents are also generally introduced, and students learn about the properties of circles and polygons, and the measurement of angles in degrees. Pre-Algebra and Algebra I are taught in some schools, as honors courses. Though most schools do not have honors programs until middle school, the few exceptions are in programs like GATE.(Gifted and Talented Education)
- In science, students usually learn about life science, physical science and earth science. Students are introduced to scientific methodology, taxonomy, and ecology.
- In English, students usually learn about grammar and the different types of writing (e.g. poetry, narrative, book report, research report).
- In social studies, the curriculum varies from state to state, and often from local district to local district. Many states, such as New York, focus on the Eastern Hemisphere, usually with an emphasis on pre-modern eras (Ancient Civilizations, Middle Ages, and the like).
- Band can be introduced. It is an option whether you want to play an instrument. Students can also choose chorus or transitions. The instruments students play may include the flute, clarinet, saxophone, trumpet, trombone, baritone, French horn, and percussion instruments.
“Primaria” education, in its current form became compulsory in 2009, and runs from grade one through grade six, for students aged 6 – 12 years. The Secretariat of Public Education (SEP) officially determines primary school a part of ‘Basic Education’, making it free of charge, with one year of mandatory pre-school education. SEP standardizes curriculum content for public and private schools, which includes Spanish, mathematics, natural sciences, history, geography, art, and physical education. The National Institute for Assessment of Education monitors standards and provides quality control. Middle Education
Secondary Education in Mexico is organized into two stages: Lower-Secondary Education (Educación Secundaria Básica), grades 7-9, and Upper-Secondary Education (Educación Media Superior), grades 10-12. Lower secondary school, or “Educacio Secundaria”, is compulsory and lasts for three years (grades 7 – 9). Education at state schools is free, and students may follow either an academic track (educación secundaria general) or a technical track (educación secundaria técnica). Students who enroll in the academic track generally continue their education at the upper secondary level. Lower-secondary programs, not leading to further study, are designated as nivel medio básico, nivel medio elemental or nivel medio terminal (basic lower secondary education). These are non-academic programs with a strong emphasis on vocational, commercial and artistic training.The “Preparatoria”, or upper secondary education (Educación Media Superior), is the second stage of secondary school in Mexico. Upper Secondary education consists of grades 10 – 12 and admission depends on institutional policies. Many upper secondary schools are affiliated with large public universities, while others are SEP or state-controlled colegios, private schools, preparatory schools or private schools. Two degree tracks are offered: Academic University- Preparatory and Professional Technical Education. The Academic track provides students with a general academic curriculum for the first two years of study, followed by more specialized study in the final year. Foreign Language is compulsory and students are awarded the Bachillerato certificate and certifocado de estudios (transcript) upon completion. The General Baccalaureate system is administered by the Secretariat for Tertiary Education and Scientific Research (SESIC). In the professional track, Professional Technical Institutions provide technical preparation that prepares students to work immediately following completion. The track leads to the Título de técnico professional (Title of professional technician), and consists of general education classes and professional classes in their chosen field.
Vocational Education is offered at Professional Technical Institutions following the completion of lower secondary school (Educacion Secundaria Básica). The Technical Baccalaureate system is administered by the Secretariat for Technological Education and Research. Students graduate with the qualification of professional technician, technical professional, or base level technician, depending on the type of institution they attend and the program they undertake. Upper-secondary technical / technological instruction usually consists of dual academic-vocational programs called bachillerato tecnológico / technological upper-secondary education (also called bachillerato técnico / technical upper-secondary education). Successful students earn a technical qualification, usually título de técnico / title of technician in the vocational stream, and may seek undergraduate admissions in an appropriate field of study. The conferred título de técnico is registered with the Secretaría de Educación Pública / Secretariat of Public Education which issues a cédula / registration card serving as licensing in Mexico. The cédula indicates that the credential is at the técnico / upper-secondary technician level. Tertiary Education
The Mexican higher education system largely follows the American model. A huge growth in demand has led to the expansion of program and degree options, as well as a swell in enrollment. Much of the growth has occurred at private institutions, where minimal fees are maintained. Higher Education (Educación superior) is offered at various types of institutions, including Public Universities, Technological Institutions and Universities, Teacher Training Institutes, and Private Institutions; the six official types of institutions in Mexico are public autonomous universities, public state institutions, institutions dependent on the federal government, private independent (libre) institutions, private institutions with official validity, and institutions without official validity. Each Mexican state has a public university and a teachers’ training college, for which a university diploma is awarded upon graduation. Institutions are recognized by the Comités Interinstitucionales para la Evaluación de la Educación Superior (CIEES) and/or accredited organizations recognized by the Consejo para la Acreditación de la Educación Superior (COPAES); the Subsecretaría de Educación Superior (SES) oversees curriculum. Undergraduate education can from 2 to 6 years. Similar to the U.S. System, Associate Degrees - Técnico Superior Universitario (University Higher Technician) or Profesional Asociado (Professional Associate), are two years in length. These programs are offered at Technological Universities. Other shortened programs (fewer than 4 years) include a certificado or diploma/higher university technician in a specialized field. These degrees can sometimes be applied to further higher education. The Licenciado (Licentiate) and Titulo Profesional (Professional Title) last 4 to 6 years. Common 5-year programs include accounting, economics, engineering, law, and architecture. Graduate Level work is offered at the level of Especialista (Specialist), Maestría (Master's degree), and Doctorado (Doctorate). Especialista (Specialist) is usually a 1-year program with the licentiate degree required for admission. The licentiate degree can also grant access to the Maestría (Master's degree), which lasts between 1 and 2 years. A thesis is usually required for graduation. The Doctorado (Doctorate), like in the U.S., is a degree based on coursework, research, and a thesis or dissertation. The degree requires at least 2 years of study beyond a master's degree.
In Australia, sixth grade is the last (second last year in South Australia) year of Primary School, however in Australia it is more commonly called "Year 6". Students are generally turning twelve in this year.
In New Zealand, Year 7 (formerly Form 1) is the equivalent of sixth grade, with students aged 11 or 12 during the year. It is the seventh year of primary school and the seventh year of compulsory education. Depending on the area, students may take Years 7 and 8 at a full primary school, a secondary school, or a separate intermediate school.
In Argentina (CABA), sixth grade (age 11/12) would be the second to last year of primary school.. After seventh grade (age 12/13) students start the first year of high school (age 13/14) which is 5 years long for regular High Schools, or 6 years long for technical high schools. The latter offers a specialization and a higher diploma.
In Peru, Grade 6 is the final year of primary school.
- "Ensino Básico e Secundário". cdp.portodigital.pt (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- "Alunos do 4.º ano vão ter exames a partir do próximo ano". www.jn.pt (in Portuguese). controlinveste. 2012-03-26. Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- Viana, Clara (2012-03-26). "Alunos do 4.º ano já farão exames em 2013". Público (in Portuguese). Sonae.com. Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- "Advances in Child Development and Behavior". Academic Press. 4 December 1985 – via Google Books.
- Schneider, Barry; Attili, Grazia; Nadel, Jacqueline; Weissberg, Roger P. (6 December 2012). "Social Competence in Developmental Perspective". Springer Science & Business Media – via Google Books.
- Breinbauer, Cecilia (1 January 2005). "Youth: Choices and Change : Promoting Healthy Behaviors in Adolescents". Pan American Health Org – via Google Books.
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