The Six vilayets, the Six provinces (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت سته Vilâyat-ı Sitte) or the Six Armenian vilayets (Armenian: Վեց հայկական վիլայեթներ Vets' haykakan vilayet'ner, Turkish: Altı vilayet, Altı ili) refer to the main Armenian-populated vilayets (provinces) of the Ottoman Empire. These were Van, Erzurum, Mamuret-ul-Aziz, Bitlis, Diyarbekir and Sivas.
|Vilayets of Ottoman Empire|
The Six Armenian provinces in early 20th century.
|Today part of||Turkey|
The term Six Vilayets was a diplomatic usage referring to the Ottoman vilayets with substantial Armenian populations. European diplomats often referred to the Six Armenian Vilayets during the Congress of Berlin in 1878.
- Statistical analysis of the racial elements in the Ottoman provinces by the Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople, 1912
Note: The analysis excludes certain portions of these provinces where Armenians are only a minor element. These portions are as follows: Hakkiari, in the Vilayet of Van; the south of Sairt, in the Vilayet of Bitlis; the south of the Vilayet of Diyarbekir; the south of Malatia, in the Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz; the north-west and west of the Vilayet of Sivas.
- Ottoman official population statistics, 1914
Note: The Ottoman population statistics doesn't give information for separate Muslim ethnic groups such as the Turks, Kurds, Circassians, etc.
The official Ottoman population statistics of 1914 that were based on an earlier census underestimated the number of ethnic minorities, including the number of Armenians. The Ottoman figures didn't define any ethnic groups, only religious ones. So the “Armenian” population as counted by the authorities only tallied ethnic Armenians who were also adherents of the Armenian Apostolic Church. Ethnic Armenians who professed the Muslim faith, which by that time had grown in number, were counted only as “Muslims” (not as Armenian Muslims or Armenians), while Armenian Protestants, just as Pontic Greeks, Caucasus Greeks, and Laz, were counted as "others".
All figures are as of early 20th century.
|Mezereh||Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz||12,000||6,000||50%|
|Arapgir||Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz||20,000||10,000||50%|
|Malatya||Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz||40,000||20,000||50%|
- (in Turkish) İsmail Soysal, Türkiye'nin Siyasal Andlaşmaları, I. Cilt (1920-1945), Türk Tarih Kurumu, 1983, p. 14.
- Verheij, Jelle (2012). Jongerden, Joost; Verheij, Jelle (eds.). Social Relations in Ottoman Diyarbekir, 1870–1915. Brill. p. 88. ISBN 9789004225183.
- "The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire 1915-1916" by JAMES VISCOUNT BRYCE, London, T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., 1916
- "1914 Population Statistics" (PDF). Turkish General Staff. pp. 603–628. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- Steven T. Katz,The Holocaust in Historical Context, 1994, p. 86 ...indicates (based on 1919 British estimates) that though Ottoman data were generally reliable they did underestimate the Armenian population in 1914...
- Hakobyan 1987, p. 236.
- Hakobyan 1987, p. 222.
- Hakobyan 1987, p. 163.
- Hakobyan 1987, p. 134.
- Hakobyan 1987, p. 51.
- Hakobyan 1987, p. 182.
- Hakobyan, Tadevos (1987). Պատմական Հայաստանի քաղաքները (Cites of historic Armenia) (in Armenian). Yerevan: "Hayastan" Publishing.