Situational analysis (or Situational logic) is a concept advanced by Popper in his The Poverty of Historicism. Situational analysis is a process by which a social scientist tries to reconstruct the problem situation confronting an agent in order to understand that agent's choice.
- First provide a description of the situation:
- ''Agent A was in a situation of type C''.
- This situation is then analysed
- ''In a situation of type C, the appropriate thing to do is X.''
- The rationality principle may then be called upon:
- ''agents always act appropriately to their situation''
- Finally we have the explanadum:
- This use of this summary is from Boumans and Davis (2010)
- Boumans, M and Davis, John B. (2010) Economic Methodology: Understanding Economics as a science, Palgrave Macmillan (p129-133)
- Popper, Karl (1957) The Poverty of Historicism, Routledge
- Koertge, N (1975) Popper's Metaphysical Research Program for the Human Sciences, Inquiry, 18 (1975), 437-62.