Site of Community Importance

A Site of Community Importance (SCI) is defined in the European Commission Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) as a site which, in the biogeographical region or regions to which it belongs, contributes significantly to the maintenance or restoration at a favourable conservation status of a natural habitat type or of a species and may also contribute significantly to the coherence of Natura 2000, and/or contributes significantly to the maintenance of biological diversity within the biogeographic region or regions concerned.[1]

They are proposed to the Commission by the State Members and once approved, they can be designated as SACs by the State Member.

DefinitionEdit

In the environment field, the term is used to define an area:

  • which contributes significantly to maintaining or restoring one of the 233 European natural habitat types defined in Annex I of the Habitats Directive or to maintaining in a favourable state of conservation one of the approximately 900 species defined in Annex II;[2]
  • which can contribute to the coherence of the Natura 2000 network of protected areas in the European Union;
  • and/or which contributes significantly to maintaining the biodiversity of the region in which it is located.

Examples of the habitat types defined in Annex IEdit

Examples of the species defined in Annex IIEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ SCI definition in the Directive
  2. ^ "Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora". Retrieved March 29, 2020.