Sister Act

Sister Act is a 1992 American comedy film directed by Emile Ardolino and written by Paul Rudnick (as Joseph Howard), with musical arrangements by Marc Shaiman. It stars Whoopi Goldberg as a lounge singer forced to join a convent after being placed in a witness protection program. It also features Maggie Smith, Kathy Najimy, Wendy Makkena, Mary Wickes, and Harvey Keitel.

Sister Act
Sister Act film poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byEmile Ardolino
Produced by
Written byPaul Rudnick (as Joseph Howard)
Starring
Music byMarc Shaiman
CinematographyAdam Greenberg
Edited by
Production
companies
Distributed byBuena Vista Pictures Distribution, Inc.
Release date
  • May 29, 1992 (1992-05-29)
Running time
100 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$31 million[2]
Box office$231.6 million[3]

Sister Act was one of the more financially successful comedies of the early 1990s, grossing $231 million worldwide. The film spawned a franchise, which consists of the 1993 sequel Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit and a musical adaptation, which premiered in 2006. A remake of Sister Act is in the works.[4][5] On December 7, 2018, it was confirmed that Regina Y. Hicks and Karin Gist were hired to write the script to Sister Act 3 to be released on Disney+.[6]

PlotEdit

In 1968, Deloris Wilson is a young Catholic school student, who is less than serious about her studies, much to the chagrin of her teachers who are nuns.

In the present, the adult Deloris is a lounge singer in Reno, Nevada, performing as Deloris Van Cartier. After Deloris witnesses her gangster boyfriend Vince LaRocca execute an informant, police lieutenant Eddie Souther places her in witness protection. She is brought to Saint Katherine's Convent in Saint Katherine's Parish, located in a run-down neighborhood in San Francisco. Deloris initially objects, then relents.

The Reverend Mother, the head nun of St. Katherine's, objects to taking Deloris in, but Monsignor O'Hara, who is the local parish priest, convinces her to go along with it because the police will pay the failing convent a good sum of money. Disguised as Sister Mary Clarence, Deloris struggles with the simplistic and rigid convent life, but starts to befriend the other nuns, including the perky Sister Mary Patrick, the shy Sister Mary Robert, and the elderly Sister Mary Lazarus. One night, after a poorly attended Sunday Mass, with a lackluster performance from the convent choir, led by Mary Lazarus, Deloris sneaks out to a bar, followed by Mary Patrick and Mary Robert. They are caught by the reverend mother, and Deloris is forced to join the struggling choir. With her singing experience, Deloris is elected their director, and she works to transform the choir.

At the next Sunday Mass, Deloris leads the much-improved choir in a traditional performance of "Hail Holy Queen", then shifts into a gospel and rock-and-roll interpretation. Although the reverend mother is infuriated, Monsignor O'Hara congratulates the choir's unorthodox performance for attracting new people to the service. Convinced by Deloris, he allows the nuns to clean the church and the neighborhood. Their singing and efforts to revitalize the neighborhood attract media attention, and the parish starts to thrive.

Souther chastises Deloris for nearly being exposed on national television because Vince has placed a bounty on her head. Deloris assures him that she will try to keep a lower profile, and Souther attends a mass. The choir continues to amaze parishioners and visitors, especially with a rendition of "My Guy" – rewritten as "My God".

O'Hara informs the convent that Pope John Paul II, having heard of the choir’s success, will visit the church. Deloris tells the reverend mother that Vince’s upcoming trial means she will soon leave, and the reverend mother reveals she has resigned, believing she is no longer of use to the convent because her authority was undermined. Deloris tries to convince her to stay, but the reverend mother believes herself too old-fashioned and incapable to continue.

Souther discovers a corrupt detective in his own department, who has given Deloris’ location to Vince, and rushes to San Francisco to warn Deloris. She and Mary Robert are kidnapped by Vince’s men, but Delores helps her escape. Afterward, the reverend mother reveals Deloris’ identity to the nuns, and they decide to go to her rescue, requesting a helicopter pilot to fly them to Reno. Vince orders his men to kill Deloris, but they are reluctant to shoot her while she is dressed as a nun. Arriving at Vince's casino, the nuns find Deloris after she escapes from Vince’s men. They become trapped in the casino lounge, and Deloris prepares to sacrifice herself. Before Vince can shoot her, Souther arrives and arrests Vince and his men.

Thanking Deloris for what she has done, the reverend mother decides to remain at the convent. Returning to San Francisco, the choir, led by Deloris, sing "I Will Follow Him" to a packed audience in a refurbished Saint Katherine's, receiving a standing ovation from all, including the pope, O'Hara and Souther. Deloris continues to guide and coach the choir as a singing touring group.

CastEdit

Choir nuns

ProductionEdit

 
St. Paul's Catholic Church in San Francisco, used in the film as Saint Katherine's

Screenwriter Paul Rudnick pitched Sister Act to producer Scott Rudin in 1987, with Bette Midler in mind for the lead role. The script was brought to Disney.[7] However, Midler turned down the role, fearing that her fans would not want to see her play a nun.[7] Eventually, Whoopi Goldberg signed on to play the lead. As production commenced, the script was rewritten by a half dozen screenwriters, including Carrie Fisher, Robert Harling, and Nancy Meyers.[8] With the movie no longer resembling his original script, Rudnick asked to be credited with a pseudonym in the film, deciding on Joseph Howard.[7]

The church in which Deloris takes sanctuary is St. Paul's Catholic Church, located at Valley and Church Streets in Noe Valley, an upper-middle-class neighborhood of San Francisco. The storefronts on the opposite side of the street were redressed to give the appearance of a run-down neighborhood. Filming took place from September 23, 1991 (1991-09-23) to December 20, 1991 (1991-12-20).[citation needed]

Though the order of the nuns in the film is said to be a Carmelite one by Sister Mary Patrick, their religious habit is similar in appearance to that of the Sisters of St. Joseph of the Third Order of St. Francis (minus the cross).[9] Members of the real-life Order, however, no longer wear their traditional habit.[10]

SoundtrackEdit

The film's soundtrack was released by Hollywood Records on June 9, 1992 in conjunction with the film, and contained the musical numbers performed by actors in the film itself, pre-recorded songs that were used as part of the background music, and instrumental music composed by Marc Shaiman for the film. The soundtrack album debuted at #74 and eventually reached #40 on the Billboard Top 200 Albums Chart[11] where it charted for 54 weeks. The album received a Gold certification from the RIAA for shipment of 500,000 copies on January 13, 1993.[12]

  1. "The Lounge Medley" ("(Love Is Like a) Heat Wave"/"My Guy"/"I Will Follow Him") — Deloris & The Ronelles
  2. "The Murder" (instrumental)
  3. "Getting into the Habit" (instrumental)
  4. "Rescue Me" — Fontella Bass
  5. "Hail Holy Queen" — Deloris & The Sisters
  6. "Roll With Me Henry" — Etta James
  7. "Gravy for My Mashed Potatoes" — Dee Dee Sharp
  8. "My Guy (My God)" — Deloris & The Sisters
  9. "Just a Touch of Love (Everyday)" — C+C Music Factory
  10. "Deloris Is Kidnapped" (instrumental)
  11. "Nuns to the Rescue" (instrumental)
  12. "Finale: I Will Follow Him ('Chariot')" — Deloris & The Sisters
  13. "Shout" — Deloris & The Sisters & The Ronelles
  14. "If My Sister's in Trouble" — Lady Soul
  • The singing voice for the character of Mary Robert was performed by Andrea Robinson.

ReceptionEdit

The film received a generally positive reception from critics, holding a 74% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 27 reviews.[13] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave Sister Act 2.5 stars out of a possible 4. He wrote that Goldberg and Wickes both offered humorous performances but the film overall "plays like a missed opportunity" due to slow pacing and trouble integrating the organized crime scenes into a comedy film.[14] Metacritic gave the film a score of 51 based on the 23 reviews, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[15] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale.[16]

The film received two Golden Globe nominations:[17]

American Film Institute recognition:

Box officeEdit

The film was a box-office success, grossing $139.6 million in the U.S. and $92 million in other countries, effectively grossing $231.6 million worldwide, becoming the eighth-highest-grossing film worldwide in 1992. It sat at the #2 spot for four weeks, behind Lethal Weapon 3, Patriot Games and Batman Returns in succession.[3]

Controversy and lawsuitsEdit

On June 10, 1993, actress Donna Douglas and her partner Curt Wilson in Associated Artists Entertainment, Inc., filed a $200 million lawsuit against Disney, Whoopi Goldberg, Bette Midler, their production companies, and Creative Artists Agency claiming the film was plagiarized from a book A Nun in the Closet owned by the partners. Douglas and Wilson claimed that in 1985 they had developed a screenplay for the book. The lawsuit claimed that there were over 100 similarities and plagiarisms between the movie and the book/screenplay owned by Douglas and Wilson. The lawsuit also claimed that the developed screenplay had been submitted to Disney, Goldberg, and Midler three times during 1987 and 1988.[19]

In 1994, Douglas and Wilson declined a $1 million offer in an attempt to win the case. The judge found in favor of Disney and the other defendants. Wilson stated at the time: “They would have had to copy our stuff verbatim for us to prevail.”[20]

In November 2011, a nun named Delois Blakely filed a lawsuit against the Walt Disney Company and Sony Pictures claiming that The Harlem Street Nun, an autobiography she wrote in 1987, was the basis for the 1992 film. She alleged that a movie executive expressed an interest in the rights to the movie after she wrote a three-page synopsis. She sued for "breach of contract, misappropriation of likeness and unjust enrichment." [21] Blakely dropped the original lawsuit in January 2012 to serve a more robust lawsuit in late August 2012 with the New York Supreme Court, asking for $1 billion in damages from Disney.[22][23] In early February 2013, the New York Supreme Court dismissed the lawsuit with prejudice, awarding no damages to Blakely.[24]

Home mediaEdit

The Region 1 DVD was released on November 6, 2001; however, the disc has no anamorphic enhancement, similar to early DVDs from Buena Vista Home Entertainment.[citation needed] Special Features include the film's theatrical trailer; music videos for "I Will Follow Him" by Deloris and the Sisters, and "If My Sister's in Trouble" by Lady Soul, both of which contain clips from the film; and a featurette titled "Inside Sister Act: The Making Of".[citation needed]

The all-region Blu-ray including both films was released on June 19, 2012, with both films presented in 1080p. The three-disc set also includes both films on DVD with the same bonus features as previous releases.[25]

MusicalEdit

 
A musical based on the film played at The Broadway Theatre in Times Square, Manhattan, beginning in 2011.

The musical Sister Act, directed by Peter Schneider and choreographed by Marguerite Derricks, premiered at the Pasadena Playhouse in Pasadena, California on October 24, 2006 and closed on December 23, 2006.[26] It broke records, grossing $1,085,929 to become the highest grossing show ever at the venue.[27] The production then moved to the Alliance Theatre in Atlanta, Georgia, where it ran from January 17 to February 25, 2007.[28]

The musical then opened in the West End at the London Palladium on June 2, 2009, following previews from May 7. The production was directed by Peter Schneider, produced by Whoopi Goldberg together with the Dutch company Stage Entertainment, and choreographed by Anthony Van Laast, with set design by Klara Zieglerova, costume design by Lez Brotherston and lighting design by Natasha Katz.[29][30] Following a year-long search, 24-year-old actress Patina Miller was cast as Deloris, alongside Sheila Hancock as the Mother Superior, Ian Lavender as Monsignor Howard, Chris Jarman as Shank, Ako Mitchell as Eddie, Katie Rowley Jones as Sister Mary Robert, Claire Greenway as Sister Mary Patrick and Julia Sutton as Sister Mary Lazarus.[31] The musical received four Laurence Olivier Awards nominations, including Best Musical.[32] On October 30, 2010 the show played its final performance at the London Palladium and transferred to Broadway.[33]

The musical opened at the Broadway Theatre on April 20, 2011, with previews beginning March 24, 2011.[34] Jerry Zaks directed the Broadway production[35] with Douglas Carter Beane rewriting the book.[36] Patina Miller, who originated the role of Deloris in the West End production, reprised her role, making her Broadway debut. She was replaced by Raven-Symoné, also making her Broadway debut. The original Broadway cast featured Victoria Clark (Mother Superior), Fred Applegate (Monsignor), Sarah Bolt (Sister Mary Patrick), Chester Gregory (Eddie), Kingsley Leggs (Curtis), Marla Mindelle (Sister Mary Robert) and Audrie Neenan (Sister Mary Lazarus).[37] The musical received five Tony Award nominations including Best Musical.[38]

The musical closed in August 2012 after 561 performances.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sister Act (PG)". British Board of Film Classification. June 9, 1992. Archived from the original on September 26, 2018. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
  2. ^ "Sister Act". PowerGrid. The Wrap. Archived from the original on November 7, 2016. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Sister Act (1992) - Box Office Mojo". boxofficemojo.com.
  4. ^ Pulver, Andrew (June 3, 2015). "Back in the habit: Sister Act to be remade by Disney" – via The Guardian.
  5. ^ "14 Faithful Facts About Sister Act". Mental Floss. May 29, 2017.
  6. ^ Kroll, Justin (December 7, 2018). "'Sister Act 3': 'Insecure' Executive Producer, 'Star' Showrunner to Write Sequel". Variety.
  7. ^ a b c Rudnick, Paul (July 20, 2009). "Fun With Nuns". The New Yorker. pp. 37–41. Retrieved July 26, 2009.
  8. ^ "Sister Act (1992)". IMDb.
  9. ^ "Image".
  10. ^ "Sisters of St. Joseph of the Third Order of St. Francis". www.ssj-tosf.org.
  11. ^ "Top 200 Albums - Billboard". Billboard.
  12. ^ "RIAA - Gold & Platinum Searchable Database - November 03, 2015". riaa.
  13. ^ Sister Act at Rotten Tomatoes
  14. ^ https://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/sister-act-1992
  15. ^ "Sister Act Reviews". Metacritic.
  16. ^ "Cinemascore :: Movie Title Search". December 20, 2018. Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  17. ^ "Winners & Nominees 1993". www.goldenglobes.com. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  18. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs Nominees" (PDF).
  19. ^ Haring, Bruce (June 10, 1993), $200 mil suit targets 'Sister Act', Variety, retrieved January 2, 2012
  20. ^ Friend, Tad (September 1998), Copy Cats: Hollywood Stole My Story!, The New Yorker, archived from the original on March 18, 2012, retrieved January 2, 2012
  21. ^ Gardner, Eriq (November 10, 2011), Harlem Nun Sues Disney, Sony Claiming They Stole 'Sister Act': File under, "Divine Inspiration.", The Hollywood Reporter, retrieved January 3, 2012
  22. ^ "Nun Sues Disney for $1B Over 'Sister Act'". TheWrap.
  23. ^ Shoard, Catherine (November 11, 2011). "Nun sues Disney for 'stealing Sister Act'". The Guardian. London.
  24. ^ New York Supreme Court Decision
  25. ^ "Sister Act: 20th Anniversary Edition - Two-Movie Collection (Three-Disc Blu-ray/DVD Combo) (1992)". Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  26. ^ Hernandez, Ernio."Sister Act — Musical Based on Film — Opens World-Premiere Run November 3" Archived July 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, playbill.com, November 2006
  27. ^ Sister Act Sets Pasadena Playhouse Record broadwayworld.com
  28. ^ "SISTER ACT the Musical listing"[permanent dead link], alliancetheatre.org, accessed November 27, 2008
  29. ^ Gans, Andrew."Habit Forming: Whoopi Goldberg to Produce London Premiere of Sister Act" Archived January 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, playbill.com, November 13, 2008
  30. ^ Official Website Archived September 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine sisteractthemusical.com
  31. ^ Sister Act, A Divine Musical Comedy."Sister Act Cast is announced" Archived July 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, sisteractthemusical.com, January 29, 2009
  32. ^ "Spring Awakening, Enron and Red Score Big in Olivier Nominations". Playbill. Archived from the original on February 11, 2010.
  33. ^ "West End's Sister Act to Vacate London Palladium Oct. 30; Future Plans Announced". Playbill. Archived from the original on October 18, 2012.
  34. ^ "Sister Act The Musical Will Open at the Broadway Theatre in April 2011". Playbill. Archived from the original on December 16, 2010.
  35. ^ BWW News Desk (July 8, 2010). "SISTER ACT Confirms Broadway for Spring 2011; Zaks to Direct". BroadwayWorld.com.
  36. ^ "It's Official: Douglas Carter Beane Joins 'Sister Act' Team". Broadwayworld.com, February 28, 2011
  37. ^ Hetrick, Adam. "Victoria Clark, Fred Applegate, Chester Gregory Will Be Part of Broadway's 'Sister Act' " Archived February 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Playbill.com, February 1, 2011
  38. ^ "2011 Tony Nominations Announced; Book of Mormon Earns 14 Nominations". Playbill. Archived from the original on September 14, 2011. Retrieved May 6, 2011.

External linksEdit