Sirdaryo Region

Sirdarya Region (Uzbek: Sirdaryo viloyati, Сирдарё вилояти) is one of the regions of Uzbekistan, located in the center of the country on the left bank of Syr Darya River. It borders with Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Tashkent Region, and Jizzakh Region. It covers an area of 4,276 square kilometres (1,651 sq mi),[1] and is mostly desert, with the Starving Steppe taking up a significant part of the region's area. The population is estimated to be around 803,100.

Sirdaryo Region

Sirdaryo viloyati
Sirdaryo in Uzbekistan
Sirdaryo in Uzbekistan
Coordinates: 40°25′N 68°40′E / 40.417°N 68.667°E / 40.417; 68.667Coordinates: 40°25′N 68°40′E / 40.417°N 68.667°E / 40.417; 68.667
CountryUzbekistan
CapitalGuliston
Government
 • HokimGofurjon Mirzaev
Area
 • Total4,276 km2 (1,651 sq mi)
Elevation
267 m (876 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total803,100
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (East)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+5 (not observed)
ISO 3166 codeUZ-SI
Districts9
Cities5
Townships6
Villages75
Websitesirdaryo.uz

AdministrationEdit

Syrdaryo Region is divided into 9 administrative districts. The capital is the city of Guliston (pop. est. 77,300 inhabitants). Other cities and towns include Baxt, Boyovut, Farhod, Qahramon, Sayhun, Sirdaryo, Khavast, Shirin and Yangiyer.

DemographyEdit

The population of the region is distributed along the main highway, which divides the whole region into two parts: the western and the eastern. The population in mainly Uzbek, with Tajik minorities on the border in the south with Tajikistan (mainly Khavast district).

DistrictsEdit

Key District name District name (uzbek) District capital
1 Akaltyn District Oqoltin tumani Sardoba
2 Bayaut District Bayovut tumani Bayaut
3 Gulistan District Guliston tumani Dehqonobod
4 Khavast District Xavos tumani Khavast
5 Mekhnatabad District Mehnatobod tumani Kakhraman
6 Mirzaabad District Mirzaobod tumani Navruz
7 Saikhunabad District Sayhunobod tumani Saikhun
8 Sharof Rashidov District Sharof Rashidov tumani Pakhtaabad
9 Sirdaryo District Sirdaryo tumani Sirdaryo

ClimateEdit

The climate is a typically arid continental climate with extreme differences between winter and summer temperatures.

EconomyEdit

The economy is based on cotton and cereal crops, with strong reliance on irrigation and on cattle breeding. Minor crops include forage plants, vegetables, melons, gourds, potatoes, maize, a variety of fruit and grapes. Industry consists of construction materials, irrigation equipment and raw-cotton processing.

Syrdarya contains one of Uzbekistan's largest hydroelectric power plants, which generates one third of the country's electricity.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Passport of the Syrdarya region". Officiel website of Sirdaryo Region. Retrieved 30 April 2018.