Sirdaryo Region

Sirdaryo Region (Uzbek: Sirdaryo viloyati, Сирдарё вилояти, Russian: Сырдарьинская область, romanizedSyrdaryinskaya oblast) is one of the regions of Uzbekistan, located in the center of the country on the left bank of Syr Darya River. It borders with Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Tashkent Region, and Jizzakh Region. It covers an area of 4,276 square kilometres (1,651 sq mi),[1] and is mostly desert, with the Starving Steppe taking up a significant part of the region's area. The population is estimated to be 860,900 (2021).[2]

Sirdaryo Region
Sirdaryo viloyati
Sirdaryo in Uzbekistan
Sirdaryo in Uzbekistan
Coordinates: 40°25′N 68°40′E / 40.417°N 68.667°E / 40.417; 68.667Coordinates: 40°25′N 68°40′E / 40.417°N 68.667°E / 40.417; 68.667
CountryUzbekistan
CapitalGuliston
Government
 • HokimGofurjon Mirzaev
Area
 • Total4,276 km2 (1,651 sq mi)
Elevation
267 m (876 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total860,900
 • Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (East)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+5 (not observed)
ISO 3166 codeUZ-SI
Districts9
Cities5
Townships6
Villages75
Websitesirdaryo.uz
Districts of Sirdaryo Region

The capital is the city of Guliston (pop. est. 91,300, 2021).[2] Other cities and towns include Baxt, Boyovut, Farhod, Qahramon, Sayxun, Sirdaryo, Khavast, Shirin and Yangiyer.

DemographyEdit

The population of the region is distributed along the main highway, which divides the whole region into two parts: the western and the eastern. The population in mainly Uzbek, with Tajik minorities on the border in the south with Tajikistan (mainly Khavast district).

AdministrationEdit

The Sirdaryo Region consists of 8 districts (listed below) and three district-level cities: Guliston, Shirin and Yangiyer.[3][4]

Key District name District name (uzbek) District capital
1 Oqoltin District Oqoltin tumani Sardoba
2 Boyovut District Boyovut tumani Boyovut
3 Guliston District Guliston tumani Dehqonobod
4 Xovos District Xovos tumani Xovos
5 Mirzaobod District Mirzaobod tumani Navroʻz
6 Sardoba District Sardoba tumani Paxtaobod
7 Sayxunobod District Sayxunobod tumani Sayxun
8 Sirdaryo District Sirdaryo tumani Sirdaryo

There are 5 cities (Guliston, Shirin, Yangiyer, Sirdaryo, Baxt) and 25 urban-type settlements in the Sirdaryo Region.[3][4] In 2004 the Mehnatobod District was abolished and its territory was divided between the Mirzaobod District and the Xovos District.[5]

ClimateEdit

The climate is a typically arid continental climate with extreme differences between winter and summer temperatures.

EconomyEdit

The economy is based on cotton and cereal crops, with strong reliance on irrigation and on cattle breeding. Minor crops include forage plants, vegetables, melons, gourds, potatoes, maize, a variety of fruit and grapes. Industry consists of construction materials, irrigation equipment and raw-cotton processing.

Syrdarya contains one of Uzbekistan's largest hydroelectric power plants, which generates one third of the country's electricity.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Passport of the Syrdarya region". Officiel website of Sirdaryo Region. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Urban and rural population by district" (PDF) (in Uzbek). Sirdaryo regional department of statistics.
  3. ^ a b "Administrative-territorial division of the Republic of Uzbekistan" (in Uzbek). The State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on statistics. July 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Classification system of territorial units of the Republic of Uzbekistan" (in Uzbek and Russian). The State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on statistics. July 2020.
  5. ^ "597-II-сон 11.02.2004. О внесении некоторых изменений в административно-территориальное устройство Сырдарьинской области".