Siraha District

Siraha District (Nepali: सिराहा जिल्लाAbout this soundListen , a district in Province No. 2, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. It is situated in the Terai belt of Nepal. The district, with Siraha as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,188 km2 (459 sq mi). It has population of 637,328 according to census of 2011. Majority of the population here is Yadav, Tharus, Muslims and ethnic minorities with majority population speaking Maithili language and Nepali language.

Siraha District

सिराहा जिल्ला
Siraha District locator.png
Country   Nepal
ProvinceProvince No. 2
Admin HQ.Siraha
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Siraha
 • Total1,188 km2 (459 sq mi)
 • Total637,328
 • Density540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)

Lahan, Nepal is the biggest city and is popular for Sagarmatha Chaudhary Eye Hospital. It lies in Mahendra highway.

Thadi (Nepali: ठाड़ी) or Thadi Viswaspatti is the main entry point for the district form India and a very old border town and a market place of Nepal in Siraha District bordering Indian town of Laukaha.

Thadi is one of the few towns which is a part of agreed route for Mutual Trade between India and Nepal.[1] Nepal Government has set up a dedicated customs office in the town. [2]

The town connects Lahan, Nepal to India.


There are no airports in this district but Rajbiraj Airport in nearby Saptari district is the nearest airport to the district, roughly 28-58 km away from various locations. Shree Airlines operates daily flights between Rajbiraj and Kathmandu[3]

Thadi in Siraha is a part of one of the agreed route for Mutual Trade and custom point between India and Nepal.[4] Nepal Government has set up a dedicated customs office in the town [5] and Government of India has set up a Land Customs Station. [6]. So in simple import and export are allowed through this point.

Largest town is Lahan, where there is a popular Eye Hospital by the name of Sagarmatha Choudhary Eye Hospital, Lahan.


The district is well connected with Mahendra Highway as this national Highway passes right through the district while connecting all the major towns. Other rural municipalities are also well connected by Postal Highway which is under construction and taking shape rapidly. Another major project i.e. East-West Railway also will run through this district in future and is in the process of development.

Geography and ClimateEdit

Climate Zone[7] Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft) 90.5%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.


At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Siraha District had a population of 637,328. Of these, 85.8% spoke Maithili, 4.3% Nepali, 3.6% Urdu, 2.7% Tharu, 1.0% Tamang and 0.8% Magar as their first language.

42.9% of the population in the district spoke Nepali, 5.0% Hindi and 3.9% Maithili as their second language.[8]

English and Nepali are two major medium of written and spoken languages used in schools and public and government offices.

Notable PersonsEdit


  • Surya Narayan Satya Narayan Marbaita Multiple Campus (Tribhuvan University)
  • JS Murarka Campus (Tribhuvan University)
  • Samata School
  • Lahan Technical Institute (CTEVT)


The district consists of seventeen municipalities, out of which eight are urban municipalities and nine are rural municipalities. These are as follows:[9]

Former Village Development Committees (VDCs) and MunicipalitiesEdit

VDCs and Municipalities (blue) in Siraha District

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "India Nepal Trade Agreement. India-Nepal Foreign Treaty of Trade Agreement". Retrieved 2019-09-12.
  2. ^ "Department of Customs, Nepal - Custom Contact Offices". Retrieved 2019-09-12.
  3. ^ Rai, Pinkey (24 April 2019). "Rajbiraj Airport to resume its flight services from May 8 as Shree Airline prepares for flight operation". Aviation Nepal. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  4. ^ "India Nepal Trade Agreement. India-Nepal Foreign Treaty of Trade Agreement". Retrieved 2019-09-12.
  5. ^ "Department of Customs, Nepal - Custom Contact Offices". Retrieved 2019-09-12.
  6. ^
  7. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  8. ^ 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
  9. ^ "स्थानिय तह". Retrieved 2018-12-04.
  10. ^ Raj mahisotha

Coordinates: 26°39′0″N 86°12′0″E / 26.65000°N 86.20000°E / 26.65000; 86.20000