Sir William Pennyman, 1st Baronet
Sir William Pennyman (1607 – 22 August 1643) was an English landowner, soldier and politician.
He was the illegitimate son of William Pennyman (died 1628) a Clerk in Chancery and was educated at Christ Church, Oxford and Inner Temple. His father purchased a third of the Manor of Marske, Yorkshire, in present-day Redcar and Cleveland, in 1616. Pennyman later married Ann Atherton, granddaughter of Katherine Conyers and heiress to the remaining two thirds. He built Marske Hall in 1625. He acquired substantial wealth from alum mining on the Marske estate.
In 1638 he raised a Regiment of Foot from the Yorkshire Trained Bands to assist in the war against the Scots. He was Member of Parliament for Richmond 1640-1642 but was barred from sitting in 1642. At the commencement of the English Civil War he again raised, together with his half brother James, a regiment of which he served as Colonel, which he led for the King at the Battle of Nottingham and the Battle of Edgehill in 1642.
He was appointed by Charles as Governor of Oxford. He died at Oxford of the plague in 1643 and the manor passed to his half-brother James, who was made 1st Baronet Pennyman of Ormesby in 1664.
- A History of the County of York, North Riding Vol 2, Editor, William Page (1923) p399 from British History Online
- National Archives: Papers of the Pennyman Family of Ormesby, Teesside Archives Ref U-PEN.
- Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004) Rev RM Armstrong