Sir Richard Vyvyan, 1st Baronet

Sir Richard Vyvyan, 1st Baronet (c. 1613 – 3 October 1665) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1640 and 1665. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.

Vyvyan was the eldest son of Sir Francis Vyvyan (1575–1635), head of one of Cornwall's leading families who had been both a Member of Parliament and High Sheriff of Cornwall. He was of Trelowarren, Cornwall, when he was knighted at Whitehall on 1 March 1636,[1] shortly after his father's death.

In April 1640, Vyvyan was elected Member of Parliament for Penryn in the Short Parliament. He was elected MP for Tregony for the Long Parliament in November 1640.[2] He supported the King in the Civil War and joined the King's Parliament at Oxford rather than remaining at Westminster. He established a Royalist mint in Truro in 1642-43 and was Master of the Mint there and when it was moved to Exeter in September 1643.[3][4] He was disabled from sitting in the House of Commons in January 1644. King Charles rewarded him for his loyalty by creating him a baronet on 12 February 1645. He was subsequently fined £600 and had his estate sequestrated.

After the Restoration, Vyvyan returned once more to public life. He stood for as MP for St Mawes for the Cavalier Parliament in 1661 but was excluded in a double return. He was later elected MP for St Mawes in a by-election in 1663 and sat until his death in 1665.[5]

Vyvyan married Mary Bulteel, and was succeeded in the baronetcy by their eldest son, Vyell.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Knights of England
  2. ^ Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. pp. 229–239.
  3. ^ "The 'five bob' that turned into £1,400". Thisiscornwall. 29 March 2010. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
  4. ^ "Mintmarks Charles I & Charles II". Retrieved 4 September 2010.
  5. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 1)
  • Vivian's Visitations of Cornwall (Exeter: William Pollard & Co, 1887) [1]
  • D. Brunton & D. H. Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Vyvyan genealogy
  • Burke's Peerage and Baronetage (London: Henry Colburn & Richard Bentley, 1832) [2]
  • E. Kimber & R. Johnson, The Baronetage of England (London, 1771) [3]
Parliament of England
Preceded by
William Killigrew
Sir Thomas Edmunds
Member of Parliament for Penryn
1640
With: Joseph Hall
Succeeded by
Sir Nicholas Slanning
John Bampfylde
Preceded by
John St Aubyn
Sir John Arundell
Member of Parliament for Tregony
1640–1644
With: John Polwhele
Succeeded by
Seats vacant: next held by
John Carew
Sir Thomas Trevor
Preceded by
Arthur Spry
Sir William Tredenham
Member of Parliament for St Mawes
1663–1665
With: Arthur Spry
Succeeded by
Arthur Spry
Joseph Tredenham
Baronetage of England
New creation Baronet
(of Trelowarren)
1645–1665
Succeeded by
Vyell Vyvyan