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General Sir John William Floyd, 1st Baronet (22 February 1748 – 10 January 1818), was a British cavalry officer.

Family and early lifeEdit

Born on 22 February 1748, he was the oldest child of Captain John Floyd and Mary Floyd (née Bate).[1]


He was commissioned on 5 April 1760 as a Cornet in the Eliott's Light Horse brigade, which became the 15th The King's Hussars. He was commissioned Lieutenant 20 April 1763 and Captain-Lieutenant on 20 May 1770. He was commissioned Captain 25 May 1772 into the 15th (The King's) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons and Major of the 21st Light Dragoons 5 May 1779. On 24 September 1779 he was commissioned and gazetted as Lieutenant-Colonel of the newly formed cavalry regiment for duty in India called the 23rd Light Dragoons, and later renamed the 19th Light Dragoons. He was commissioned Colonel on 18 November 1790.[1]

He was appointed to command all cavalry and military units on the coast of India by Lord Cornwallis in 1790. In the Third Anglo-Mysore War (1790–1792), he led cavalry forces against Tipu Sultan, including a notable defeat in which he lost 300 horses just before the 1791 siege of Bangalore.[2]

He was promoted Major-General 5 October 1794 and appointed Colonel of the 23rd Light Dragoons on 14 September 1800. On 1 January 1801 he was commissioned Lieutenant-General. He was transferred as colonel to the 8th Light Dragoons on 13 September 1804 and commissioned full General on 1 January 1812.[1]

Post militaryEdit

In 1800 he returned to England and Ireland. Floyd was made a baronet in 1816.[3]


  1. ^ a b c Henry Morse Stephens (1889). "Floyd, John (1748-1818)" . In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 19. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  2. ^ Wickwire, p. 144
  3. ^ "No. 17102". The London Gazette. 23 January 1816. p. 133.

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Musgrave, Bt
Governor of Gravesend and Tilbury
Succeeded by
Sir Lowry Cole
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Chearsley Hill, Bucks)
Succeeded by
Henry Floyd