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Sir Hyde Parker, 5th Baronet

Vice-Admiral Sir Hyde Parker, 5th Baronet (25 February 1714 – 1782) was a British naval commander.

Sir Hyde Parker, Bt
Romney Hyde Parker.jpg
Portrait of Admiral Sir Hyde Parker, 5th Bt (1714–1782) by George Romney, painted c. 1782
Born25 February 1714
Died1782 (aged 67–68)
Allegiance Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch Royal Navy
RankVice Admiral
Battles/warsSeven Years' War
American War of Independence

Parker was born at Tredington (which was then in Worcestershire). His father, a clergyman, was a son of Sir Henry Parker. His paternal grandfather had married a daughter of Alexander Hyde, Bishop of Salisbury. He began his career at sea in the merchant service. Entering the Royal Navy at the age of 24, he was made lieutenant in 1744, and in 1748 he was made post-captain.[1] In his royal navy career, he captured a Spanish Galleon that was worth £600,000 .[a] This gave his family his wealth. At the current moment, his family live in the south-wing of Melford Hall.

Contents

Seven Years WarEdit

In October 1755 Hyde Parker commissioned the newly-launched post ship HMS Squirrel. A year later, in her he captured the French privateeer Très Vénėrable.

During the latter part of the Seven Years' War he served in the East Indies, taking part in the capture of Pondicherry in 1761 and of Manila in 1762.[1] In the latter year Parker with two ships captured one of the valuable Spanish plate ships in her voyage between Acapulco and Manila.

American War of IndependenceEdit

In 1778 he became Rear-Admiral and went to North American waters as second-in-command.[1] For some time before George Rodney's arrival he was in command on the Leeward Islands station, and conducted a skilful campaign against the French at Martinique.[1]

In 1781, having returned home and become Vice-Admiral, he fell in with a Dutch fleet of about his own force, though far better equipped, near the Dogger Bank on 5 August 1781. After a fiercely contested battle, in which neither combatant gained any advantage, both sides drew off. Parker considered that he had not been properly equipped for his task, and insisted on resigning his command.[1]

In 1782 he accepted the East Indies command, though he had just succeeded to the family baronetcy.[1] On the outward voyage his flagship Cato was lost with all on board.[1]

He was succeeded by his older son Harry, the sixth Baronet. Parker's second son was Admiral Sir Hyde Parker (1739–1807).

NotesEdit

  1. ^ £600,000 was the amount when they captured the ship. Nowadays, it would be worth around £106 million.

ReferencesEdit

  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Parker, Sir Hyde". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Henry Parker
Baronet
(of Melford Hall)
1782
Succeeded by
Harry Parker