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Sir Charles Turner, 1st Baronet, of Warham

Sir Charles Turner, 1st Baronet (1666 – 24 November 1738) of Warham, Norfolk was a British lawyer and Whig politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons for 43 years from 1695 to 1738. He was a brother-in-law of Sir Robert Walpole, and held public office almost continuously from 1707. By 1730 was the longest serving MP in the House of Commons.

Turner was baptized on 11 June 1666, the son of William Turner, attorney-at-law of North Elmham, Norfolk, and his wife Anne Spooner, daughter of John Spooner.[1] He was educated at Scarning and Norwich and was admitted at Caius College, Cambridge on 29 April 1681.[2] He was also admitted at Middle Temple on 22 July 1684 and became a country attorney like his father. His fortunes were boosted by the improving success of his own family and his influential connections, which included the Walpole family. In April 1689, he married Mary Walpole, daughter of Robert Walpole ad sister of Sir Robert Walpole the first Prime Minister. [3]

Turner helped his father-in-law's election at the 1695 English general election, when he was returned himself as Member of Parliament for King's Lynn with his uncle Sir John Turner. He was knighted on 22 March 1696. With his position unassailable, he was returned unopposed at every general election for the rest of his life. He was appointed a Lord of Trade in 1707 and was then Lord of the Admiralty from 1714 to 1717.[3]

In 1720 Turner was appointed Lord of the Treasury. He was created a baronet on 27 April 1727.[1] From 1729 he was a Teller of the Exchequer, retiring as Lord of the Treasury in 1730. He became Father of the House in 1730.[4]

Turner's first wife Mary died in 1701 and by 1705 he married secondly Mary Catelyn, widow of Sir Nevil Catelyn of Kirby Cane and daughter of Sir William Blois of Grundisburgh, Suffolk. He died suddenly on 24 November 1738, at Houghton, and was buried at Warham. By his first wife he had a son who predeceased him and four daughters.[3] He was succeeded by his younger brother John.[5] [6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Cokayne, George Edward, ed. (1906), Complete Baronetage volume 5 (1707–1800), 5, Exeter: William Pollard and Co, p. 66, retrieved 12 April 2019
  2. ^ "Turner, Charles (TNR681C)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ a b c "TURNER, Charles (1666-1738), of King's Lynn, Warham and Kirby Cane, Norf". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  4. ^ "TURNER, Sir Charles, 1st Bt. (1666-1738), of Warham, Norf". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  5. ^ "TURNER, Sir John, 3rd Bt. (1712-80), of Warham, Norf". History of Parliament. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  6. ^ Burke, John. A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies. p. 534.

External linksEdit

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir John Turner
Daniel Bedingfeld
Member of Parliament for King's Lynn
1685–1707
With: Sir John Turner 1695–1702
Sir Robert Walpole 1702–1707
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for King's Lynn
1707–1738
With: Sir Robert Walpole 1707–1712, 1713–1738
John Turner 1712–13
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Walpole
Sir John Turner
Preceded by
Sir Justinian Isham, 4th Baronet
Father of the House
1730–1738
Succeeded by
Sir Roger Bradshaigh, 3rd Baronet
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
New creation
Baronet
(of Warham)
1727-1738
Succeeded by
Sir John Turner, 2nd Baronet