Single-origin coffee is coffee grown within a single known geographic origin.
Single-origins can offer unique characteristics and specific tastes compared to blended coffees from multiple origins. Coffee shops can market single-origin coffees specifically to add symbolic value to the coffee by highlighting the producer or the coffee's unique origin. Consumers of specialty coffee are often attracted to single-origin coffee for the transparency it often attempts to convey.
While it is still difficult to accurately authenticate a coffee's origin, recent genomic research indicates that it is possible to identify a DNA fingerprint of coffee trees. This technique may eventually allow buyers of un-roasted, green coffee, to authenticate a single-origin coffee. This would improve the transparency and traceability of coffee.
Single-origin coffees may come from a single farm, multiple farms from the same country, or just a blend of the coffees grown from that country. It could also mean an entire country which produces a comprehensive variety of beans, such as Brazil, Colombia, and Vietnam.
Estate coffees are a specific type of single-origin coffee. They are generally grown on one massive farm, ranging in size from a few acres to large plantations occupying many square miles or a collection of farms that all process their coffee at the same mill. Many countries in South and Central America have estate coffee farms, countries such as Colombia, Brazil, Costa Rica, and Mexico, have many estate farms. Starbucks owns a large majority of coffee farms in the Philippines, combining many small farms to form one giant cooperative farm.
Micro-lot or small-lot coffees are another type of specific single-origin coffee from a single field on a farm, a small range of altitude, and a particular day of harvest. Many micro-lots are used for growing specialty coffee, which is some of the highest quality coffee offered on the market, which can range in prices.
See also edit
- "The Ultimate Guide to Single Origin Coffee: Buying, Brewing, and More". Roasty Coffee. 2019-11-14. Retrieved 2020-03-30.
- Fischer, Edward F (2019-10-09). "Quality and inequality: creating value worlds with Third Wave coffee". Socio-Economic Review. 19 (1): 111–131. doi:10.1093/ser/mwz044. eISSN 1475-147X. hdl:21.11116/0000-0005-82A6-C. ISSN 1475-1461. Retrieved 2021-04-11.
- Grind, Perfect Daily (2015-09-14). "Everything You Need to Know About Single Origin Coffees". Perfect Daily Grind. Retrieved 2019-11-17.
- "Single Origin Coffee – Everything You Need to Know". Ispirare | Coffee & Espresso Reviews. 2017-02-17. Retrieved 2017-02-17.
- Pruvot-Woehl, Solène; Krishnan, Sarada; Solano, William; Schilling, Tim; Toniutti, Lucile; Bertrand, Benoit; Montagnon, Christophe (2020-04-01). "Authentication of Coffea arabica Varieties through DNA Fingerprinting and its Significance for the Coffee Sector". Journal of AOAC International. 103 (2): 325–334. doi:10.1093/jaocint/qsz003. eISSN 1944-7922. ISSN 1060-3271. PMID 33241280. Retrieved 2021-04-01.
- Marion, Darrin (2017-02-15). "What is Single Origin Coffee". Darrin's Coffee Company. Darrin's Coffee Company. Retrieved 2017-02-15.
- "Coffee Language: Non-European Names". Coffee Review. Retrieved 2009-04-29.
- Mowery, Lauren. "Here's Why Single Origin Coffee Is More Expensive But Worth Your Dollars". Forbes. Retrieved 2019-11-17.
- "Coffee Language: Farm, Mill, and Estate Names". Coffee Review. Retrieved 2009-04-29.
- Butler, Nickolas (2007-09-01). "The Trouble With Micro-Lots?". Roast Magazine. Retrieved 2009-04-29.