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The Single-handed Trans-Atlantic Race (STAR) is an east-to-west yacht race across the North Atlantic. When inaugurated in 1960, it was the first single-handed ocean yacht race; it is run from Plymouth to the United States, and is held every four years.

Single-Handed Trans-Atlantic Race
First held1960
OrganizerRoyal Western Yacht Club
Typesingle-handed offshore race
StartPlymouth
FinishNewport, RI
ChampionsJeroboam
Jonathan Green
Websitehttp://ostar.rwyc.org

The race is organised by the Royal Western Yacht Club and was originally sponsored by the UK-based Observer newspaper, and known as the Observer Single-handed Trans-Atlantic Race; due to changes in sponsorship, it has been known as the CSTAR, Europe 1 STAR, and the Europe 1 New Man STAR. After the 2000 edition, the RWYC took the decision to split the race into two events, one using smaller boats and intended for amateurs and young sailors, the other for professionals. The amateur event was raced as The OSTAR ("Original STAR") from 2005.[1] The professional version was raced as The Transat from 2004.[2] The race starting in May 2020 will mark "The 60th anniversary" for OSTAR.[3]

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Single-handed Trans-Atlantic Race was conceived by Herbert "Blondie" Hasler in 1956. The whole idea of a single-handed ocean yacht race was a revolutionary concept at the time, as the idea was thought to be extremely impractical; but this was especially true given the adverse conditions of their proposed route — a westward crossing of the north Atlantic Ocean, against the prevailing winds.

Hasler sought sponsorship for a race, but by 1959, no-one had been prepared to back the race. Finally, though, The Observer newspaper provided sponsorship, and in 1960, under the management of the Royal Western Yacht Club of England, the Observer Single-handed Trans-Atlantic Race, or OSTAR, was on.[4][5][6]

The first run of the race was a great success; since then, it has run every four years, and has become firmly established as one of the major events on the yachting calendar. The name of the event has changed several times due to changes in main sponsor; it has been known as the CSTAR, Europe 1 STAR, and the Europe 1 New Man STAR. The professional event has been run as The Transat from 2004, while the race smaller boats is run as the OSTAR. Throughout its history, however, the essentials of the race have remained the same. It has also become known as a testbed for new innovations in yacht racing; many new ideas started out in "the STAR".

The raceEdit

 
OSTAR Line Honours from 1960 to 2013

The course of the race is westwards against the prevailing winds of the north Atlantic over a distance of around 3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km). The first edition of the race was from Plymouth United Kingdom to New York City; the editions from 1964 to 2000 were sailed from Plymouth to Newport, Rhode Island; the 2004 event sailed from Plymouth to Boston, Massachusetts.[6][7][8]

The actual course steered is the decision of the individual skipper, and the result of the race can hinge on the chosen route:[9]

Rhumb line
The shortest route on paper — i.e. on a Mercator projection chart — is a route which steers a constant compass course, known as the rhumb line route; this is 2,902 nautical miles. This lies between 40 degrees and 50 degrees north, and avoids the most severe weather.
Great circle
The actual shortest route is the great circle route, which is 2,810 nautical miles (5,200 km). This goes significantly farther north; sailors following this route frequently encounter fog and icebergs.
Northern route
It is sometimes possible to avoid headwinds by following a far northern route, north of the great circle and above the track followed by depressions. This is a longer way, though, at 3,130 nautical miles (5,800 km), and places the sailor in greater danger of encountering ice.
Azores route
A "softer" option can be to sail south, close to the Azores, and across the Atlantic along a more southerly latitude. This route can offer calmer reaching winds, but is longer at 3,530 nautical miles (6,540 km); the light and variable winds can also lead to slow progress.
Trade wind route
The most "natural" way to cross the Atlantic westward is to sail south to the trade winds, and then west across the ocean. However, this is the longest route of all, at 4,200 nautical miles (7,780 km).

This variety of routes is one of the factors which makes an east-to-west north Atlantic crossing interesting, as different skippers try different strategies against each other. In practice, though, the winning route is usually somewhere between the great circle and the rhumb line.

Past racesEdit

The OSTAR, 1960Edit

The Observer Single-handed Trans-Atlantic Race of 1960 was a milestone in sailing, being the first single-handed ocean yacht race. One hundred and fifteen people expressed an interest in the race, and there were eight entries, of whom five actually took part. Only four were at the starting line on June 11, however, as Jean Lacombe arrived late and started three days after the others. All of the boats were monohulls; this was to be the only edition of the race without multihulls. It was also the only edition of the race sailed from Plymouth to New York City.

The skippers tried a variety of routing strategies. Hasler chose the northern route, to avoid the depressions; Chichester and Lewis stayed closer to the great circle; Lacombe and Howells chose more southerly routes. Hasler sailed his junk-rigged Jester; Chichester had by far the longest boat, his 40-foot (12 m) Gipsy Moth III, and this was reflected in the results:[5][6]

Skipper Boat Class Time
  Francis Chichester Gipsy Moth III Mono-40 40 days 12 hours 30 min
  Blondie Hasler Jester Mono-26 48 days 12 hours 02 min
  David Lewis Cardinal Vertue Mono-25 55 days 00 hours 50 min
  Val Howells EIRA Mono-25 62 days 05 hours 50 min
  Jean Lacombe Cap Horn Mono-21.5 74 days ?? hours ?? min

The race had a huge impact on ocean sailing, and in particular solo sailing. Hasler's wind-vane self-steering gear revolutionised short-handed sailing, and his other major innovation — using a junk rig for safer and more manageable shorthanded sailing — influenced many subsequent sailors.[10][11]

The OSTAR, 1964Edit

Thirteen competitors started the next edition of the race in 1964, which by now was firmly established on the racing scene. All of the five original competitors entered, and all five improved their original times; but the show was stolen by French naval officer Éric Tabarly, who entered a custom-built 44-foot (13 m) plywood ketch, Pen Duick II. The days of racers sailing the family boat were numbered following Tabarly's performance, for which he was awarded the Legion of Honour by president Charles de Gaulle. It is also noteworthy that Tabarly and Jean Lacombe were the only French entrants in this race; Tabarly's success was instrumental in popularising the sport in France, the country which in future years would come to dominate it.

This was to be the year in which several future trends were established. Multihulls made their first appearance — sailing in the same class as the other boats; and the race featured the use of radio, for the first time, by several competitors who gave daily progress reports to their sponsors.[5][7][12]

Skipper Boat Class Time
  Éric Tabarly Pen Duick II Mono-44 27 days 03 hours 56 min
  Francis Chichester Gipsy Moth III Mono-40 29 days 23 hours 57 min
  Val Howells Akka Mono-35 32 days 18 hours 08 min
  Alec Rose Lively Lady Mono-36 36 days 17 hours 30 min
  Blondie Hasler Jester Mono-26 37 days 22 hours 05 min
  Bill Howell Stardrift Mono-30 38 days 03 hours 23 min
  David Lewis Rehu Moana Cat-40 38 days 12 hours 04 min
  Mike Ellison Ilala Mono-36 46 days 06 hours 26 min
  Jean Lacombe Golif Mono-22 46 days 07 hours 05 min
  Bob Bunker Vanda Caelea Mono-25 49 days 18 hours 45 min
  Mike Butterfield Misty Miller Cat-30 53 days 00 hours 05 min
  Geoffrey Chaffey Ericht 2 Mono-31 60 days 11 hours 15 min
  Derek Kelsall Folatre Tri-35 61 days 14 hours 04 min
  Axel Nymann Pedersen Marco Polo Mono-28 63 days 13 hours 30 min
  Robin McCurdy Tammie Norie Mono-40 retired

The OSTAR, 1968Edit

The race was by now acquiring a reputation for pushing forward the technology of ocean sailing, and the 1968 edition featured the first use of computer-based weather routing. A far cry from today's laptop-laden yachts, this consisted of a land-based mainframe computer, the English Electric KDF9, linked by radio to Geoffrey Williams in his boat Sir Thomas Lipton. Although outside private routing advice of this kind is no longer permitted in most "unassisted" races, it is now routine for ocean sailors to do similar analyses using their on-board computers to process public weather information.

Williams created another story by his use of the "shortcut" through the Nantucket Shoal. This dangerous route was supposed to be illegal, but due to an error the race instructions required skippers only to keep south of Nantucket, instead of Nantucket Light. Williams successfully navigated the treacherous route in a gale. Gales were a major feature of the race, with a large storm on the 11th of June, and Hurricane Brenda, both contributing to the large number of retired and abandoned boats. One casualty was Éric Tabarly, aboard his new trimaran Pen Duick IV, who collided with a cargo and sailed back to England with structural damage. Another was the first woman to have taken part, the West German Edith Baumann, aboard her 39-foot trimaran "Koala III".[13]

Although won by a monohull, this race saw the multihulls firmly established on the scene. Thirteen of the thirty-five boats entered were multihulls, led by the controversial proa Cheers; many observers felt that a proa was entirely unsuitable for ocean sailing, but she made a fast time along the Azores route.[5][14]

The top seven finishers:

Skipper Boat Class Time
 Geoffrey Williams Sir Thomas Lipton Mono-57 25 days 20 hours 33 min
  Bruce Dalling Voortrekker Mono-50 26 days 13 hours 42 min
  Tom Follett Cheers Proa-40 27 days 00 hours 13 min
  Leslie Williams Spirit of Cutty Sark Mono-53 29 days 10 hours 17 min
  Bill Howell Golden Cockerel Cat-42.5 31 days 16 hours 24 min
  Brian Cooke Opus Mono-32 34 days 08 hours 23 min
  Martin Minter-Kemp Gancia Girl Tri-42 34 days 13 hours 15 min

The 17 non-finishers included Éric Tabarly on Pen Duick IV, and Alex Carozzo of Italy on San Giorgio. Carozzo went on to compete in the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race, the other major single-handed sailing event of the year.

The OSTAR, 1972Edit

Tabarly's trimaran Pen Duick IV made a return to the race in 1972, sailed by Alain Colas, at the head of a strong French contingent; of the 55 entrants, 12 were French, and the top three finishers were all French.

The average boat size was increasing rapidly, as longer boats are capable of higher speeds. A sign of the changing times was that the rules had a minimum size, to deter unsafe entries, but no maximum; and so the star of the monohull fleet was Vendredi Treize (Friday the 13th), a 128-foot (39 m) three-masted schooner — a huge boat for a single-hander. However, the race was now dominated by the multihulls, with Colas winning on a trimaran and four of the top six finishers being multis.

The 55 entrants included the first female finishers, two French and one Polish. Sir Francis Chichester, now 70 years old, sailed with the fleet in Gipsy Moth V; however, he was unable to complete what was to be his last race, and he died later the same year. Peter Crowther made the longest crossing in the race's history while sailing the oldest boat, the 66-year-old gaff cutter Golden Vanity; his crossing took 88 days.[5][15]

The top ten finishers:

Skipper Boat Class Time
  Alain Colas Pen Duick IV Tri-70 20 days 13 hours 15 min
  Jean-Yves Terlain Vendredi Treize Mono-128 21 days 05 hours 14 min
  Jean-Marie Vidal Cap 33 Tri-53 24 days 05 hours 40 min
  Brian Cooke British Steel Mono-59 24 days 19 hours 28 min
  Tom Follett Three Cheers Tri-46 27 days 11 hours 04 min
  Gerard Pesty Architeuthis Tri-55 28 days 11 hours 55 min
  Martin Minter-Kemp Strongbow Mono-65 28 days 12 hours 46 min
  Alain Gliksman Toucan Mono-34.5 28 days 12 hours 54 min
  Franco Faggioni Sagittario Mono-50.5 28 days 23 hours 05 min
  James Ferris Whisper Mono-53.5 29 days 11 hours 15 min

There were eleven retirements, and one boat was abandoned.

The OSTAR, 1976Edit

1976 saw the biggest edition of the race, in all senses. 125 boats entered, and the 128-foot (39 m) Vendredi Treize returned as ITT Oceanic. However, the all-time size record for the race, and probably for any single-hander, was set by Alain Colas, sailing the 236-foot (72 m) four-masted schooner Club Mediterranée.[16] Although about the same overall length as HMS Victory (which had a crew of 820),[17] this modern boat was expressly designed for easy handling.

At the start of the race, during login, in it was discovered that one of the entrants, David Sandeman, was under age at 17 years and 176 days, which was 189 days or 6 months under the youngest age permitted at the time. He had entered "Sea Raider", a 35 ft monohull which had very carefully been equipped and prepared in Jersey, Channel Islands for this race. David was not allowed to officially start, but he crossed the line unofficially after the last boat had left. Halfway across the Atlantic a Russian trawler ran into him in the dark during a storm after being warned with a red spotlight. The Russian crew never saw him, but their ship damaged the starboard mast halyards, which required substantial work by the Russian crew to repair the boat sufficiently to allow it to continue. David Sandeman was later listed in the Guinness Book of Records as being the youngest person to single-handedly sail the Atlantic between Jersey, UK, and Rhode Island.

The race was organised into three classes: Jester (J): up to 38 ft (12 m); Gipsy Moth (G): 38 to 65 ft (20 m); and Penduick (P): over 65 ft, unlimited. Monohulls and multihulls were not segregated. It is notable that the second-placed boat overall was a trimaran of the smallest class, and perhaps even more so that third place went to a monohull from the same class.

Two major depressions hit the race and caused a record fifty retirements. Yvon Fauconnier and Jean-Yves Terlain, two of the top favorites, lost their boats due to structural failure and were rescued by the same Soviet cargo ship. Tony Bullimore was rescued by a passing ship after his boat caught fire. The race also suffered two fatalities, the first in its history. Englishman Mike Flanagan, brother of renowned sculptor Barry Flanagan,[18] was lost overboard from Galloping Gael. A particularly sad story was that of Mike McMullen, whose wife Lizzie was electrocuted and killed while helping him to prepare Three Cheers for the race, just two days before the start. Believing that Lizzie would have wanted him to go on, he started the race, but was never seen again.

Colas in Club Mediterranée was plagued by halyard problems; although 330 miles (531 km) in the lead, he was forced to pull into Halifax, Nova Scotia to make repairs, and was penalised 10% of his elapsed time (58 hours) for accepting help, which dropped him from second to fifth place. The race went to Éric Tabarly, whose surprise win on the 73-foot (22 m) Pen Duick VI (his radio had broken down and no one knew of his whereabouts until he crossed the finish line) was his second; it was also the last win for a monohull.[5][19]

Clare Francis in Robertson's Golly (Ohlson 38) finished 13th and broke the women's single-handed transatlantic record by three days.

The top finishers (including the top three of each class):

Skipper Boat Class Time
  Éric Tabarly Pen Duick VI Mono-73(P) 23 days 20 hours 12 min
  Mike Birch The Third Turtle Tri-32(J) 24 days 20 hours 39 min
  Kazimierz Jaworski Spaniel Mono-38(J) 24 days 23 hours 40 min
  Tom Grossman Cap 33 Tri-53(P) 26 days 08 hours 15 min
  Alain Colas Club Mediterranée Mono-236(P) 26 days 13 hours 36 min
  Jean Claude Parisis Petrouchka Mono-47(G) 27 days 00 hours 55 min
  David Palmer FT Tri-35(J) 27 days 07 hours 45 min
  Walter Greene Friends Tri-30(J) 27 days 10 hours 37 min
  Jaques Timsit Arauna IV Mono-38(G) 27 days 15 hours 32 min
  Alain Gabbay Objectif Sud 3 Mono-38(J) 28 days 09 hours 58 min
  Francis Stokes Moonshine Mono-40(G) 28 days 12 hours 46 min

The 1/OSTAR, 1980Edit

The 1980 race introduced a length limit of 56 feet overall, to curb the excesses of previous races. The class sizes were adjusted downwards: Jester (J): up to 32 ft (10 m); Gipsy Moth (G): 32 to 44 ft (13 m); Penduick (P): 44 to 56 ft (17 m). The new restrictions were unpopular with some sailors, particularly the French, many of whom opted to sail instead in the new Route du Rhum race.

The race was once again dominated by multihulls, with the top five places all taken by trimarans, and marked the end of even competition between monos and multis. Éric Tabarly was to compete, aboard the hydrofoil trimaran Paul Ricard, but was unable to enter due to injury. The race continued its history of innovation with the first use of the Argos satellite-based tracking system; this system allows boats to be tracked during the race, and can also be used to signal distress. The use of this system has now become a major feature of many ocean races, such as the Vendée Globe. The cost of the system was covered by introducing a new race sponsor, the radio station Europe 1, in conjunction with the Observer.

The winner was American Phil Weld, in only his second OSTAR, whose trimaran Moxie was custom built to the 56-foot (17 m) limit; he set a new course record of 18 days. Many were impressed by this popular sailor's win at the age of 65. The preponderance of larger boats, and particularly multihulls, left the smaller Jesters seriously outclassed; the highest-placed was Free Newspapers, sailed by John Chaundy, who finished in 29th place, with a time of 28 days.,[5][20][21] https://web.archive.org/web/20071022075203/http://www.rwyc.org/rwdb/article/view.asp?id=67&sm=OSTAR

Dame Naomi James, who became the first lady to circumnavigate the globe single-handedly in 1977/78 was reunited with the Express Crusader (fitted out and renamed Kriter Lady) for the race. She was the first woman back and broke the women's speed record. Her husband Rob James also competed in that race, finishing twelfth in the trimaran Boatfile.

The top ten finishers:

Skipper Boat !Class Time
  Philip Weld Moxie Tri-51(P) 17 days 23 hours 12 min
  Nick Keig Three Legs of Mann III Tri-53(P) 18 days 06 hours 04 min
  Philip Steggall Jeans Foster Tri-38(G) 18 days 06 hours 45 min
  Mike Birch Olympus Photo Tri-46(P) 18 days 07 hours 15 min
  Walter Greene Chaussettes Olympia Tri-35(G) 18 days 17 hours 29 min
  Kazimierz Jaworski Spaniel II Mono-56(P) 19 days 13 hours 25 min
  Edoardo Austoni Chica Boba Mono-56(P) 20 days 02 hours 30 min
  Daniel Gilard Brittany Ferries I Mono-44(G) 21 days 00 hours 09 min
  Richard Konkolski Nike II Mono-44(G) 21 days 06 hours 21 min
  Tom Grossman Kriter VII Tri-56(P) 21 days 08 hours 01 min
  Czesław Gogołkiewicz Raczyński 2 Mono-56(P) retired - collision

Canadian skippers Mike Birch and Bob Lush were the subject of a National Film Board of Canada documentary Singlehanders, released in 1982.[22]

The 1/OSTAR, 1984Edit

The 1984 race saw the pace of technical innovation continue to accelerate. Custom-built trimarans were again the main force, but the monohulls also advanced, with the introduction of water ballast and other innovations. Some controversy over the size limitations in the previous race resulted in slightly larger classes, and the removal of restrictions on bow and stern overhangs; yachts were divided into five classes, but still with no distinction between monohulls and multihulls. Europe 1 continued to support the race, and Argos beacons were again used by all boats.

The first day of the race saw several dismastings in strong gales, and several skippers were awarded time for rescuing other racers. This resulted in an upset at the finish — Philippe Poupon, sailing the 56-foot (17 m) trimaran Fleury Michon VI, arrived first with a time of 16 days 12 hours, and went to bed thinking that he had won. But the race was awarded to Yvon Fauconnier, who finished 10 hours later but was given a 16-hour time allowance for rendering assistance to Philippe Jeantot, whose catamaran Credit Agricole had capsized. The winner among the monohulls was Warren Luhrs, in his 60-footer Thursday's Child.[5][23]

The top ten finishers:

Skipper Boat Class Time
  Yvon Fauconnier Umupro Jardin V Tri-53(I) 16 days 06 hours 25 min
  Philippe Poupon Fleury Michon Tri-56(I) 16 days 12 hours 25 min
  Marc Pajot Elf Aquitaine II Cat-59(I) 16 days 12 hours 48 min
  Éric Tabarly Paul Ricard Tri-60(I) 16 days 14 hours 21 min
  Peter Philips Travacrest Seaway Tri-60(I) 16 days 17 hours 23 min
  Daniel Gilard Nantes Tri-60(I) 16 days 17 hours 51 min
  Olivier Moussy Region Centre Tri-45(II) 16 days 19 hours 16 min
  Bruno Peyron L'Aiglon Cat-60(I) 16 days 20 hours 21 min
  Francois Boucher Ker Cadelac Tri-50(I) 16 days 21 hours 48 min
  Warren Luhrs Thursday's Child Mono-60(I) 16 days 22 hours 27 min

The CSTAR, 1988Edit

With Carlsberg taking over as main sponsor, the Carlsberg Single-handed Trans-Atlantic Race of 1988 saw 95 entrants, with custom-built multihulls again dominating. Favourable weather made ideal conditions for a fast pace, and indeed Philippe Poupon's winning time set a new race record of 10 days, 9 hours and 10 minutes. One of the main hazards of the race was damage by whales; Mike Birch's Fujicolor was damaged by a whale, forcing him to retire from the race; and David Sellings was forced to abandon Hyccup after she was sunk by an aggressive pod of whales. Mike Richey's original Jester, which had taken part in every edition of the race, was lost in heavy weather in the tail-end of the fleet.[5][7][24]

The top eleven finishers were all Class 1 multihulls. The top five were:

Skipper Boat Class Time
  Philippe Poupon Fleury Michon Tri-60(I) 10 days 09 hours 15 min
  Olivier Moussy Laiterie Mt St Michel Tri-60(I) 11 days 04 hours 17 min
  Loïck Peyron Lada Poch II Tri-60(I) 11 days 09 hours 02 min
  Philip Steggall Sebago Tri-60(I) 11 days 09 hours 55 min
  Bruno Peyron VSD Cat-60(I) 12 days 23 hours 20 min

The fastest monohull, UAP 1992, finished 13th. The top five monohulls:

Skipper Boat Class Time
  Jean Yves Terlain UAP 1992 Mono-60(I) 17 days 04 hours 05 min
  John Martin Allied Bank Mono-60(I) 17 days 08 hours 18 min
  Jose Ugarte Castrol Solo Mono-60(I) 17 days 21 hours 47 min
  Titouan Lamazou Ecureuil d'Aquitaine Mono-60(I) 18 days 07 hours 00 min
  Courtney Hazelton Mariko Mono-45(III) 21 days 05 hours 44 min

The Europe 1 STAR, 1992Edit

The Europe 1 Star of 1992 saw the fleet beset by a full range of hazards — storms, icebergs, trawlers, fog and whales hit boats on the northern route, before they were finally becalmed off Newfoundland. The monohulls managed the heavy conditions and crosswinds quite well, but the multis were plagued with capsizes and damage. Yves Parlier was the top monohull skipper in a new Open 60, setting a monohull record time of 14 days 16 hours.[5][25]

The top ten finishers included two monohulls:

Skipper Boat Class Time
  Loïck Peyron Fujicolor Tri-60(1) 11 days 01 hours 35 min
  Paul vatine Haute-Normandie Tri-60(1) 12 days 07 hours 49 min
  Francis Joyon Banque Populaire Tri(1) 12 days 09 hours 14 min
  Hervé Laurent Took Took Tri-60(1) 13 days 04 hours 01 min
  Laurent Bourgnon Primagaz Tri-60(1) 13 days 07 hours 40 min
  Yves Parlier Cacolac d'Aquitaine Mono-60(1) 14 days 16 hours 01 min
   Etienne Giroire Up My Sleeve Tri-40(4) 16 days 06 hours 45 min
  Mark Gatehouse Queen Anne's Battery Mono-60(1) 16 days 11 hours 30 min
  Hervé Cléris C L M Tri-50(2) 16 days 12 hours 17 min
  Pascal Hérold Dupon Duran Tri-50(2) 16 days 20 hours 16 min

The Europe 1 STAR, 1996Edit

Loïck Peyron, on the same trimaran Fujicolor II, for the 1996 edition of the race; and he led at the start, passing the Eddystone lighthouse at 28 knots (52 km/h). However, Francis Joyon dominated the race, and 600 miles (970 km) from the finish seemed set to win, at which point he was 24 hours ahead of his nearest rival; but his trimaran Banque Populaire was capsized by a gust off Nova Scotia, leaving the race to Peyron.

Peyron's time of 10 days, 10 hours and 5 minutes, was just 50 minutes short of the course record. Peyron was the first person to win two successive editions of the race, and only the second to win twice. Gerry Roufs won the monohull division, sailing the 60-foot (18 m) Groupe LG2. Italian Giovanni Soldini won the 50-foot (15 m) monohull class, in Telecom Italia.[5][7][26]

Only three multihulls overcame the conditions to make the top ten finishers:

Skipper Boat Class Time
  Loïck Peyron Fujicolor II Tri-60(1) 10 days 10 hours 05 min
  Paul Vatine Region Haute Normandie Tri-60(1) 10 days 13 hours 05 min
  Mike Birch Biscuits la Trinitaine Tri-60(1) 14 days 12 hours 55 min
  Gerry Roufs Groupe LG 2 Mono-60(1) 15 days 14 hours 50 min
  Giovanni Soldini Telecom Italia Mono-50(2) 15 days 18 hours 29 min
  Josh Hall Gartmore Investments Mono-60(1) 16 days 15 hours 56 min
  Vittorio Malingri Anicaflash Mono-60(1) 16 days 19 hours 24 min
  Hervé Laurent Groupe LG1 Mono-60(1) 17 days 00 hours 55 min
  Eric Dumont Café Legal le Gout Mono-60(1) 17 days 01 hours 11 min
  Catherine Chabaud Whirlpool-Vital-Europe 2 Mono-60(1) 17 days 06 hours 43 min

The Europe 1 New Man STAR, 2000Edit

With sponsorship from Europe 1 and New Man, a French sportswear manufacturer, the fortieth anniversary edition of the OSTAR was run under the title Europe 1 New Man STAR.[27]

A surprising total of 24 Open 60 monohulls entered the race; most of these were using the event as a qualifying run for the Vendée Globe starting later in the year. One of these was the youngest racer in the fleet at age 23, Ellen MacArthur in her Owen-Clarke designed Open 60 Kingfisher; she beat the big names to become the surprise winner of the monohull division, and the youngest ever winner of the race. The overall winner was Francis Joyon, in his trimaran Eure et Loir.[5][28][29][30]

Skipper Boat Time
ORMA 60 Multihulls
  Francis Joyon Eure et Loir 9 days 23 hours 21 min
  Marc Guillemot Biscuits la Trinitaine 10 days 1 hours 59 min
  Franck Cammas Groupama 10 days 2 hours 40 min
  Alain Gautier Foncia 10 days 8 hours 37 min
  Jean-Luc Nelias Belgacom 10 days 19 hours 35 min
  Yvan Bourgnon Bayer en France 16 days 6 hours 21 min
  Lalou Roucayrol Banque Populaire retired - lost a hull
IMOCA 60 Monohulls
  Ellen MacArthur Kingfisher 14 days 23 hours 1 min
  Roland Jourdain Sill Beurre le Gall 15 days 13 hours 38 min
  Mike Golding Team Group 4 15 days 14 hours 50 min
 Thierry Dubois Solidaires 15 days 15 hours 33 min
  Giovanni Soldini Fila 16 days 4 hours 10 min
  Catherine Chabaud Whirlpool 16 days 10 hours 19 min
  Michel Desjoyeaux PRB 16 days 15 hours 51 min
  Marc Thiercelin Active Wear 17 days 15 hours 44 min
  Dominique Wavre Union Bancaire Privee 17 days 17 hours 2 min
  Joe Seeten Nord Pas de Calais 18 days 2 hours 22 min
  Xavier Lecoeur GEB 19 days 13 hours 3 min
  Didier Munduteguy DDP 60me Sud 21 days 7 hours 18 min
  Patrick Favre Adrenalines 31 days 5 hours 19 min
  Yves Parlier Aquitaine Innovations retired - dismasted
  Thomas Coville Sodebo Savourons la Vie retired - dismasted
  Eric Dumont Services Euroka retired - dismasted
  Dirk Gunst Tomidi retired - autopilot failure
  Richard Tolkien This Time retired - sail damage
  Bruce Burgess Hawaiian Express retired for personal reasons

The Transat, 2004Edit

After the 2000 event, the RWYC decided to split the race into two separate events. The 2004 professional edition of the race featured a new title — The Transat — and a new finish, at Boston, Massachusetts. 37 boats entered, in four classes: ORMA 50 and 60-foot (18 m) multihulls; and IMOCA 50 and 60-foot (18 m) monohulls. Despite stormy conditions, all four classes of boats broke records; seven of the Open 60 monohulls broke the previous monohull record. Of the first four IMOCA Open 60's, Ecover, Pindar AlphaGraphics and Skandia (ex Kingfisher) were all designed by the British designers, Owen Clarke Design. This office also designed the first IMOCA 50, Artforms, which broke the 'Class 2' record. Several boats suffered damage, however.[8]

Skipper Boat Time
ORMA 60 Multihulls
  Michel Desjoyeaux Geant 8 days 8 hours 29 min
  Thomas Coville Sodebo 8 days 10 hours 38 min
  Franck Cammas Groupama 8 days 14 hours 16 min
  Alain Gautier Foncia 9 days 7 hours 5 min
  Karine Fauconnier Sergio Tacchini 9 days 12 hours 36 min
  Lalou Roucayrol Banque Populaire 9 days 14 hours 5 min
  Giovanni Soldini TIM Progetto Italia 10 days 6 hours 26 min
  Philippe Monnet Sopra 10 days 9 hours 28 min
  Fred Le Peutrec Gitana XI 11 days 9 hours 20 min
  Steve Ravussin Banque Covefi 12 days 4 hours 27 min
  Yves Parlier Mediatis Region Aquitaine 13 days 7 hours 11 min
  Marc Guillemot Gitana X retired - broken centerboard
IMOCA 60 Monohulls
  Mike Golding Ecover 12 days 15 hours 18 min
  Dominique Wavre Temenos 12 days 18 hours 22 min
  Mike Sanderson Pindar Alphagraphics 12 days 20 hours 54 min
  Nick Moloney Skandia 13 days 9 hours 13 min
  Conrad Humphreys Hellomoto 13 days 20 hours 24 min
  Marc Thiercelin Pro-Form 14 days 1 hours 41 min
  Hervé Laurent UUDS 14 days 3 hours 58 min
  Sebastien Josse VMI 14 days 10 hours 2 min (corrected)
  Karen Leibovici Atlantica-Charente Maritime 17 days 17 hours 12 min
  Norbert Sedlacek Austria One 17 days 18 hours 35 min
  Charles Hedrich Objectif 3 18 days 4 hours 12 min
  Anne Liardet Quicksilver 19 days 14 hours 27 min
  Jean-Pierre Dick Virbac retired - dismasted
  Vincent Riou PRB dismasted
 Bernard Stamm Cheminees Poujoulat Armour Lux capsized
ORMA 50 Multihulls
  Éric Bruneel Trilogic 14 days 1 hours 23 min
  Rich Wilson Great American II 15 days 0 hours 19 min
  Dominique Demachy Gify 15 days 13 hours 13 min
  Etienne Hochede PiR2 19 days 13 hours 45 min
  Franck-Yves Escoffier Crepes Whaou! retired - broke daggerboard
  Mike Birch Nootka retired - broken autopilot
IMOCA 50 Monohulls
  Kip Stone Artforms 15 days 5 hours 20 min
  Joe Harris Wells Fargo 16 days 14 hours 21 min
  Jacques Bouchacourt Okami 17 days 23 hours 17 min
  Roger Langevin Branec III over time limit

Faraday Mill OSTAR 2005Edit

The 2005 event was the first held for smaller boats, again under the name OSTAR, sponsored by Faraday Mill.

35 boats took part with 16 forced to retire. Franco Mozoli won the race in Cotonella, taking 17 days and 21 hours to finish. The 2005 race featured the first single-handed, trans-atlantic crossing by a profoundly deaf person: Gerry Hughes.[31]

Skipper Boat Time
Trimarans
  Franco Manzoli Cotonella 17 days 21 hours 41 min
  Roger Langevin Branec IV 18 days 6 hours 7 min
  Pierre Antoine Spirit 18 days 8 hours 43 min
  Leon Bart Houd van Hout 25 days 16 hours 45 min
  Aurelia Ditton Shockwave 27 days 9 hours 19 min
  Anne Caseneuve Acanthe Ingeniere retired - injured knee
   Etienne Giroire Up My Sleeve retired
  Ross Hobson Mollymawk retired - broken daggerboard
Monohulls
  Steve White Olympian Challenger 20 days 5 hours 24 min
  Yves Lepine Atlantix Express 21 days 4 hours 40 min
  Nico Budel Hayai 21 days 18 hours 17 min
  Philip Rubright Echo Zulu 23 days 22 hours 50 min
  Lionel Regnier Trois Mille Sabords 25 days 23 hours 48 min
  Mervyn Wheatley Tamarind 26 days 2 hours 48 min
  Peter Keig Zeal 27 days 11 hours 31 min
  Stephen Gratton Amelie of Dart 30 days 4 hours 32 min
  Richard Hatton Chimp 30 days 18 hours 7 min
  Huib Swets Vijaya 32 days 5 hours 4 min
  Gerry Hughes Quest II 34 days 4 hours 15 min
  Paul Heiney Ayesha of St Mawes 35 days 14 hours 19 min
  Groot Cees Reality 41 days 16 hours 15 min
  Tony Waldeck Adrienne May retired - broken mainsail luff cars
  Michel Jaheny Chivas III retired
  Patrice Carpentier VM Materiaux retired
  Bart Boosman De Franschman retired - broken shroud
  Hannah White Spirit of Canada retired - broken autopilot
  Peter Crowther Suomi Kudu retired - broken forestay
  Michel Kleinjans Roaring Forty retired - bulkhead problems
  Pieter Ardiaans Robosail retired - boom, vang problems
  Ronny Nollet La Promesse retired - previous back injury
  Pierre Chatelin Destination Calais retired - problems with boat
  Bertus Buys Sea Beryl retired - mainsail damage
  Bram Van De Loosdrecht Octavus retired - dismasted
  Jacques Dewez Blue Shadow retired - damaged at start

The Artemis Transat, 2008Edit

The 2008 Transat race was named after its sponsor, Artemis. On Thursday 15 May, Frenchman Michel Desjoyeaux (Foncia) had to retire from the race after a collision with a whale. Sebastien Josse (BT), who was leading, had to retire owing to damage to the mainsail carriage on Saturday 17 May, leaving Vincent Riou (PRB) take the lead on the Sunday morning. Loïck Peyron, on Gitana Eighty, caught up with Vincent Riou, who had to abandon the race due to serious keel damage after a collision with a basking shark on the night of Monday 12 / Tuesday 13 May. The race jury decided to grant two and a half hours of bonus time to Loïck Peyron after he rescued Vincent Riou. Starting on 11 May from Plymouth, Peyron spent 12 days, 11 hours, 15 minutes and 35 seconds (not including the time bonus) to cover the 2,992 miles of the race (averaging 8.7 knots), thus improving previous record of 12 days, 15 hours, 18 minutes and 8 seconds, which was held by Mike Golding (Ecover).

Position Skipper Boat Time
IMOCA 60 Monohulls
1     Loïck Peyron Gitana Eighty 12 days 8 hours 45 min
2     Armel Le Cleac'h Brit Air 12 days 12 hours 28 min
3     Yann Eliès Generali 13 days 14 hours 30 min
4   Marc Guillemot Safran 14 days 21 hours 18 min
5   Samantha Davies Roxy 15 days 10 hours 00 min
Ab   Vincent Riou PRB retired - broken keel
Ab   Sébastien Josse BT retired - sail damage
Ab   Michel Desjoyeaux Foncia retired - broken skeg
Ab   Unai Basurko Pakea Bizkaia

OSTAR 2009Edit

The 2009 OSTAR started on 25 May 2009. The skipper's blogs were published on www.blogstar.org.uk

Skipper Boat Elapsed Time
 JanKees Lampe LA PROMESSE 17 days 17 hours 40 min
 Rob Craigie Jbellino 19 days 00 hours 10 min
 Roberto Westerman Spinning Wheel 19 days 03 hours 14 min
 Hannah White Pure Solo 20 days 00 hours 22 min
 Barry Hurley Dinah 20 days 22 hours 35 min
 Luca Zoccoli In Direzione Ostinata e Contraria 20 days 22 hours 39 min
 Jerry Freeman QII 21 days 02 hours 49 min
 Oscar Mead King of Shaves 21 days 12 hours 24 min
 Katie Miller BluQube 21 days 18 hours 53 min
 Uwe Rottgering Fanfan! 21 days 22 hours 42 min
 Marco Nannini British Beagle 21 days 23 hours 44 min
 Huib Swets Vijaya 22 days 03 hours 41 min
 Dick Koopmans Jager 22 days 04 hours 35 min
 Bard Boosman De Franschman 22 days 21 hours 04 min
 Will Sayer Elmarleen 23 days 01 hours 30 min
 Pip Hildesley Cazenove Capital 23 days 14 hours 05 min
 Christian Chalandre Olbia 24 days 09 hours 06 min
 John Falla Banjaard 24 days 20 hours 55 min
 Michael Collins Flamingo Lady 27 days 05 hours 31 min
 Andrew Petty Jemima Nicholas 28 days 15 hours 57 min
 Peter Crowther Suomi Kudu 29 days 02 hours 15 min
 Peter Bourke "Rubicon" 39 days 07 hours 56 min

[32]

OSTAR 2013Edit

The 2013 OSTAR started on 27 May 2013.

Skipper Boat Time
Multihull Class
  Roger Langevin Branec VI
  Joanna Pajkowska Cabrio 2
Gypsy Moth Class
  Richard Lett Pathway to Children
  Andrea Mura Vento Di Sardegna 17 days 11 hours 12 min (elapsed)
  Jac Sandberg Spirit
  Nico Budel sec. Hayai
  Ralph Villiger Ntombifuti
Jester Class
  Jonathan Green Jeroboam 22 days 4 hours 25 min (corrected)
  Charles Emmett British Beagle
  Krystian Szypka Sunrise
  Mervyn Wheatley Tamarind
  Pether Crowther Suomi Kudu
Eira Class
  Geoff Alcorn Wind of Lorne II

[33]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Royal Western Yacht Club - A friendly club with full range of sailing and social activities, an excellent waterside venue for weddings and corporate events and home to famous oceanic races such as OSTAR, RB & I and Fastnet". rwyc.org.
  2. ^ The Transat, the official web site
  3. ^ Searle, Vianney (April 23, 2019). "OSTAR and TWOSTAR in 2020". Sail~world. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  4. ^ All the Single handed Transatlantic Race history Archived 2006-12-29 at the Wayback Machine, from Team Woodbase
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Marsh, Peter. "The Singlehanded Trans-Atlantic Race 1960–2000". Archived from the original on 2009-06-27.[better source needed]
  6. ^ a b c History — 11 June 1960 Archived 4 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine, from Team Woodbase
  7. ^ a b c d Peyron Repeats STAR Triumph Archived 2006-05-09 at the Wayback Machine, from Sailing World
  8. ^ a b Records Tumble in Classic Transat Race Archived 2005-12-27 at the Wayback Machine, from the official web site
  9. ^ The Race — The Course Archived 2006-05-04 at the Wayback Machine, from Team Woodbase
  10. ^ The Golden Globe Race, by Barry Pickthall, from boats.com
  11. ^ Finding Beauty in a Junk, by Michelle Potter
  12. ^ History — 23 May 1964 Archived 4 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine, from Team Woodbase
  13. ^ Foster, Lloyd (1989). OSTAR The full story of The Observer single-handed transtlantic and the two-handed round Britain races, p. 27. Haynes, Sparkford. ISBN 0854297308.
  14. ^ History — 1 June 1968 Archived 4 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine, from Team Woodbase
  15. ^ History — 17 June 1972 Archived 4 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine, from Team Woodbase
  16. ^ Club Méditerranée: un géant parmi les monocoques (French), with a picture of the boat
  17. ^ The Battle of Trafalgar Muster Roll, from the official HMS Victory website
  18. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/barry-flanagan-sculptor-known-for-his-distinctive-giant-bronzes-1781433.html
  19. ^ History — 5 June 1976 Archived 4 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine, from Team Woodbase
  20. ^ 1980 — Triumph of the Multihulls Archived 2006-01-15 at the Wayback Machine, from the official web site
  21. ^ History — 7 June 1980 Archived 5 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine, from Team Woodbase
  22. ^ Shelagh Mackenzie and Kent Nason (co-directors) (1982). "Singlehanders" (49-minute film; requires Adobe Flash). Documentary film. National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  23. ^ History — 2 June 1984 Archived 4 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine, from Team Woodbase
  24. ^ History — 5 June 1988, from Team Woodbase
  25. ^ History — 7 June 1992 Archived 4 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine, from Team Woodbase
  26. ^ History — 1996 Archived 2006-05-04 at the Wayback Machine, from Team Woodbase
  27. ^ The Race — This Year Archived 2006-05-04 at the Wayback Machine, from Team Woodbase
  28. ^ 2000 — Open 60 battle Archived 2006-01-15 at the Wayback Machine, from the official web site
  29. ^ Kingfisher Challenge 2000 — She Did It!, from Adverc Battery Management
  30. ^ LARGEST EVER PROFESSIONAL 60-FOOT CLASS TO COMPETE IN THE TRANSAT Archived 2006-01-27 at the Wayback Machine, from Nick Moloney
  31. ^ Gerry Hughes. "Gerry Hughes:". gerrysmhughes.com.
  32. ^ The Royal Western Yacht Club of England "OSTAR 2009", Retrieved on 1 October 2014.
  33. ^ The Royal Western Yacht Club of England "OSTAR 2013 - Race Results"