1968 Singaporean general election

General elections were held in Singapore on 13 April 1968, the first as an independent state following the island's expulsion from Malaysia. The elections were boycotted by all opposition parties except the Workers Party, which only contested two constituencies. With five independents also running, only seven seats (Farrer Park, Geylang Serai, Jalan Kayu, Kampong Ubi, Moulmein, Nee Soon and Tanjong Pagar) were contested,[1] resulting in People's Action Party (PAP) candidates returned unopposed in the other 51 seats, a first in history PAP returned to power during nomination day.

1968 Singaporean general election

← 1963 13 April 1968 1972 →

All 58 seats to the Parliament of Singapore
30 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout91.8%
  Majority party
  Mr. Lee Kuan Yew Mayoral reception 1965 (cropped).jpg
Leader Lee Kuan Yew
Party PAP
Leader's seat Tanjong Pagar
Last election 37 seats, 46.9%
Seats won 58
Seat change Increase21
Popular vote 65,812
Percentage 86.7%
Swing Increase39.8%

Singaporean election 1968 map.png
Winner by constituency

Prime Minister before election

Lee Kuan Yew
PAP

Elected Prime Minister

Lee Kuan Yew
PAP

Although the total electorate was 759,367, only 84,883 voters lived in seven contested seats. The turnout was 91.8%, or 77,952 voters.[2]

BackgroundEdit

Following the resignations of eleven MPs from Barisan Sosialis (BS) and two other BS MPs fleeing Singapore to escape the Internal Security Department, Parliament was left with only PAP MPs.

TimelineEdit

Thursday 8 February Dissolution of the 1st Parliament
Saturday 17 February Nomination Day. 51 PAP candidates won their seats uncontested, 7 seats were contested. By default, PAP won a majority of seats on Nomination Day.
Saturday 13 April Polling day for 7 contested seats
Monday 6 May First meeting of the 2nd Parliament

Electoral systemEdit

The 58 members of Parliament were elected in 58 single-member constituencies, an increase from 51 in the 1963 elections. The constituencies introduced or removed in the election, as well as constituencies with changes of boundaries, were shown on the table:

Constituency Changes
New Constituencies
Alexandra Carved out from Queenstown constituency
Bukit Ho Swee Carved out from Delta constituency
Kampong Chai Chee Carved out from Kampong Kembangan, Siglap and Tampines constituencies
Kampong Ubi Carved out from Geylang Serai constituency
Katong Carved out from Mountbatten constituency
MacPherson
Potong Pasir
Carved out from Aljunied constituency
Whampoa Carved out from Katong constituency
Defunct Constituencies
Southern Islands Absorbed to Jurong, Pasir Panjang and Telok Blangah constituencies

CampaignEdit

BS boycotted the elections on the grounds that Singapore's independence was "phoney" and several opposition parties heeded its call. The leaders of Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura (formerly the local branch of the UNMO), Ahmad Haji Taff, and the Singapore Chinese Party (formerly the local branch of the MCA), Chng Boon Eng, turned up but did not file their nominations. Three precedents were made in this election: the fewest seats (seven) contested in a general election, the first time PAP was returned to power on nomination day and the first time it won all seats. Walkovers became a perpetual feature in every succeeding general election until 2015, 47 years or 11 elections later.

ResultsEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
People's Action Party 65,812 86.7 58 +21
Workers' Party 3,049 4.0 0 0
Independents 7,033 9.3 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 2,058
Total 77,952 100 58 +7
Registered voters/turnout 84,883 91.8
Source: Nohlen et al.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p254 ISBN 0-19-924959-8
  2. ^ Parliamentary General Election 1968 Singapore Elections