1968 Singaporean general election
General elections were held in Singapore on 13 April 1968, the first as an independent state following the island's expulsion from Malaysia. The elections were boycotted by all opposition parties except the Workers Party, which only contested two constituencies. With five independents also running, only seven seats (Farrer Park, Geylang Serai, Jalan Kayu, Kampong Ubi, Moulmein, Nee Soon and Tanjong Pagar) were contested, resulting in People's Action Party (PAP) candidates returned unopposed in the other 51 seats, a first in history PAP returned to power during nomination day.
All 58 seats to the Parliament of Singapore
30 seats were needed for a majority
Winner by constituency
Although the total electorate was 759,367, only 84,883 voters lived in seven contested seats. The turnout was 91.8%, or 77,952 voters.
Following the resignations of eleven MPs from Barisan Sosialis (BS) and two other BS MPs fleeing Singapore to escape the Internal Security Department, Parliament was left with only PAP MPs.
|Thursday 8 February||Dissolution of the 1st Parliament|
|Saturday 17 February||Nomination Day. 51 PAP candidates won their seats uncontested, 7 seats were contested. By default, PAP won a majority of seats on Nomination Day.|
|Saturday 13 April||Polling day for 7 contested seats|
|Monday 6 May||First meeting of the 2nd Parliament|
The 58 members of Parliament were elected in 58 single-member constituencies, an increase from 51 in the 1963 elections. The constituencies introduced or removed in the election, as well as constituencies with changes of boundaries, were shown on the table:
|Alexandra||Carved out from Queenstown constituency|
|Bukit Ho Swee||Carved out from Delta constituency|
|Kampong Chai Chee||Carved out from Kampong Kembangan, Siglap and Tampines constituencies|
|Kampong Ubi||Carved out from Geylang Serai constituency|
|Katong||Carved out from Mountbatten constituency|
|Carved out from Aljunied constituency|
|Whampoa||Carved out from Katong constituency|
|Southern Islands||Absorbed to Jurong, Pasir Panjang and Telok Blangah constituencies|
BS boycotted the elections on the grounds that Singapore's independence was "phoney" and several opposition parties heeded its call. The leaders of Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura (formerly the local branch of the UNMO), Ahmad Haji Taff, and the Singapore Chinese Party (formerly the local branch of the MCA), Chng Boon Eng, turned up but did not file their nominations. Three precedents were made in this election: the fewest seats (seven) contested in a general election, the first time PAP was returned to power on nomination day and the first time it won all seats. Walkovers became a perpetual feature in every succeeding general election until 2015, 47 years or 11 elections later.
|People's Action Party||65,812||86.7||58||+21|
|Source: Nohlen et al.|