|c. 8 million|
|Regions with significant populations|
|India||2,772,264 - 3,810,000|
|Related ethnic groups|
The Sindhi are known as Sindhi: سنڌي (Perso-Arabic), सिन्धी (Devanagari) and ਸਿੰਧੀ (Gurumukhi). After the Partition of India during 1947, many Sindhi Hindus were among those forced out of Pakistan, which was predominately Muslim, to India, in what was a wholesale exchange of Hindu and Muslim populations in some areas. Some later emigrated from the sub-continent and settled in other parts of the world. As per the 2011 census of India 2011, there are 2,772,364 Sindhi speakers in India. This number includes some Sindhi Muslims who live in India along the border of Sindh province of Pakistan.
Hinduism in SindhEdit
Hinduism in the Sindh region, as in other areas of the Indian Subcontinent, was the earliest religion predominantly practiced. Later the area and much of the north of the subcontinent, became dominated by Muslims. The region of Sindh has historically been and still is, home to the largest community of Hindus in Pakistan.
Following the Arab Muslim conquest in the 8th century, Islam spread throughout the region and became the faith practiced by the majority of Sindhi people. Islam, coupled with traditional influences and interaction with Hinduism, has shaped the diverse Sindhi culture. Starting with Muhammad bin Qasim and Habbari dynasty, the Delhi Sultanate and later the Mughal Empire ruled the region.
Partition of IndiaEdit
After the partition of India in 1947, an estimated half of Sindh's Hindus migrated to India, often forced by the religious-based persecution of the time. They settled primarily in neighbouring Kutch district of Gujarat, which bears linguistic and cultural similarities to Sindh, and the city of Mumbai. As per Census of India 2011, there are around 2,772,264 Sindhi speakers living in India.  There are also sizable Sindhi Hindu communities elsewhere in the world, sometimes termed, the 'Sindhi diaspora'.
Family naming conventionsEdit
Most Sindhi Hindu family names are a modified form of a patronymic and typically end with the suffix "-ani", which is used to denote descent from a common male ancestor. One explanation states that the -ani suffix is a Sindhi variant of 'anshi', derived from the Sanskrit word 'ansh', which means 'descended from' (see: Devanshi). The first part of a Sindhi Hindu surname is usually derived from the name or location of an ancestor. In northern Sindh, surnames ending in 'ja' (meaning 'of') are also common. A person's surname would consist of the name of his or her native village, followed by 'ja'. The Sindhi Hindus generally add the suffix ‘-ani’ to the name of a great-grandfather and adopt the name as a family name.[self-published source]
Notable Sindhi HindusEdit
- Asrani, Indian comedian and actor.
- Babita, Indian film actress
- Bherumal Meharchand Advani, Linguist, Historian, Novelist, Poet, Researcher
- Kiara Advani, Indian actress.
- L. K. Advani, former Deputy Prime Minister of India.
- Nikhil Advani, Indian movie director and screenwriter.
- Pankaj Advani, 23 times world champion in snooker and billiards from India.
- Suresh H. Advani, oncologist who pioneered Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in India.
- Kirat Babani, freedom fighter, writer, journalist.
- Rana Bhagwandas, Judge on the Supreme Court of Pakistan
- Sabeer Bhatia, entrepreneur and founder of Hotmail.
- Deepak Bhojwani, Ambassador at Indian foreign service
- Aarti Chabria, Actress
- Ashish Chanchlani, Youtuber
- Vishal Dadlani, Playback Singer
- Raja Dahir, last Hindu king of Sindh
- Bhai Pratap Dialdas, freedom fighter, businessman, philanthropist
- Jairamdas Daulatram, political leader in the Indian independence movement, Governor of the Indian states of Bihar and later Assam.
- Harish Fabiani, Indian (NRI) businessman based in Madrid.
- Sobho Gianchandani, Pakistani Sindhi social scientist, and revolutionary writer
- Hari Harilela, Indian businessman based in Hong Kong
- Anita Hassanandani, Indian actress
- Gopichand Hinduja, British businessman, co-chairman of the Hinduja Group.
- Indira Hinduja, is an Indian gynecologist, obstetrician and infertility specialist who pioneered the Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) technique resulting in the birth of India's first GIFT baby.
- Niranjan Hiranandani, co-founder and managing director ofHiranandani Group
- Surendra Hiranandani, co-founder and managing director of Hiranandani Group
- Lakhumal Hiranand Hiranandani, Indian Otorhinolaryngologist.
- Rajkumar Hirani, popular Indian film director and editor.
- Micky Jagtiani, Chairman and owner of Landmark Group.
- Kamna Jethmalani, Indian actress.
- Ram Jethmalani, Indian senior lawyer, former Law Minister of India.
- Motilal Jotwani, Indian writer, educator, follower of Gandhi, fellow of Harvard Divinity School.
- Hemu Kalani, freedom fighter.
- Atul Khatri, Stand up comedian and CEO
- Chanda Kochhar (née Advani), Former MD and chief executive officer of ICICI Bank.
- Krishna Kolhi, Senator, Pakistan Peoples Party.
- Rooplo Kolhi, freedom fighter.
- Jayant Kripalani, Film, Television and Stage actor
- J. B. Kripalani, freedom fighter and President of Indian National Congress
- Krishna Kripalani, freedom fighter, author and parliamentarian.
- Ajith Kumar, Tamil actor.
- Gulu Lalvani, chairman of Binatone.
- Kartar Lalvani, founder and chairman of Vitabiotics.
- Nikita Lalwani, indian novelist based in london.
- Tej Lalvani, CEO of the UK's largest vitamin company Vitabiotics.
- Shankar Lalwani, Indian politician and Member of Parliament in the 17th Lok Sabha from Indore, madhya pradesh, india.
- Kishore Mahbubani, Singaporean diplomat
- K. R. Malkani, journalist, historian and politician.
- N. R. Malkani, freedom fighter and social worker.
- Rajeev Masand, Indian film critic.
- Rajesh Mirchandani, global communications leader and former British television journalist.
- Gulab Mohanlal Hiranandani, Indian Navy officer who served as the Vice Chief of the Naval Staff.
- Hansika Motwani, Indian actress.
- Rajeev Motwani, Computer Scientist, Professor at Stanford University.
- Kabir Mulchandani, Indian businessman.
- Kala Prakash, Fiction writer
- Moti Prakash, Poet
- Lila Poonawalla (née Thadani), is an Indian industrialist, philanthropist, humanitarian and the founder of Lila Poonawalla Foundation.
- Chandru Raheja, property developer
- Rajan Raheja, chairman of Rajan Raheja Group
- Gulabrai Ramchand, Indian cricketer.
- Ishwardas Rohani, Indian politician and former Speaker of Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly.
- Bhagat Kanwar Ram, saint
- Bulo C Rani, Indian music director.
- G. S. Sainani, Indian general physician, medical researcher, medical writer and an Emeritus Professor of the National Academy of Medical Sciences.
- Meera Sanyal (née Hiranandani), was an Indian banker and politician. She served as CEO and chairperson of the Royal Bank of Scotland in India.
- Sadhana Shivdasani, Indian film actress.
- Sonu Shivdasani, founder and CEO of Soneva.
- Rana Chandra Singh, founder of Pakistan Hindu Party and Federal Minister; seven times member of Pakistan National Assembly.
- Ranveer Singh(Bhavnani), Indian actor
- G. P. Sippy, Bollywood movie producer and director.
- Ramesh Sippy, Bollywood movie producer and director.
- Anjana Sukhani, Actress
- Tamannaah (tamannaah bhatia), Indian actress.
- Tarun Tahiliani, Indian fashion designer.
- Hiten Tejwani, Indian actor.
- Sundri Uttamchandani, noted Indian writer.
- Mangharam Udharam Malkani,Sindhi scholar, critic, writer, playwright, literary historian and professor.
- Sunil Vaswani, chairman of the Stallion Group.
- Harchandrai Vishandas, British Indian attorney, politician and former mayor of Karachi.
- Seth Vishandas Nihalchand, merchant and former member of Indian National Congress at the time of Independence.
- Romesh Wadhwani, chairman and CEO of Symphony Technology Group(STG), an alumnus of Indian Institute of Technology Bombay.
- Bherumal Mahirchand Advani, "Amilan-jo-Ahwal" - published in Sindhi, 1919
- Amilan-jo-Ahwal (1919) - translated into English in 2016 ("A History of the Amils") at sindhis
- "Census of India 2011" (PDF).Ethnologue report for India Archived 18 January 2010 at WebCite
- http://www.pbs.gov.pk/content/population-religion=. Missing or empty
- Kesavapany, K.; Mani, A.; Ramasamy, P. (1 January 2008). Rising India and Indian Communities in East Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 9789812307996 – via Google Books.
- Rita Kothari, Burden of Refuge: Sindh, Gujarat, Partition, Orient Blackswan
- Nil (4 June 2012). "Who orchestrated the exodus of Sindhi Hindus after Partition?". tribune.com.pk. The Express Tribune. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- NANDITA BHAVNANI (2014). THE MAKING OF EXILE: SINDHI HINDUS AND THE PARTITION OF INDIA. ISBN 978-93-84030-33-9. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
- Data on Language and Mother Tongue. "Census of India 2011" (PDF). p. 7.
- Wakabayashi, Judy; Kothari, Rita (2009). Decentering Translation Studies: India and Beyond. John Benjamins Publishing Company. pp. 122–125. ISBN 978-9027224309.
- "CENSUS OF INDIA 2011" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Govt of India. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
- "Sindhishaan - Whats in Name".
- "Sindhi Surnames".
- Sakhrani, Tarun (4 January 2016). "The Sindhis of Sindh And Beyond". Huffington Post. Retrieved 9 August 2016.