Sinan Pasha Mosque (Istanbul)

The Sinan Pasha Mosque (Turkish: Sinan Paşa Camii) is an Ottoman mosque located in a densely populated district of Beşiktaş, in Istanbul, Turkey. It was built by the Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan for the admiral Sinan Pasha. The türbe (tomb) of Barbaros Hayrettin Pasha is located just across the street.

Sinan Pasha Mosque
Sinan Paşa Camii
Sinan Pasha Mosque 0680.jpg
Religion
AffiliationIslam
Location
LocationIstanbul, Turkey
Sinan Pasha Mosque (Istanbul) is located in Istanbul Beyoglu
Sinan Pasha Mosque (Istanbul)
Location within Beyoğlu district of Istanbul
Geographic coordinates41°02′32″N 29°00′22″E / 41.042343°N 29.006245°E / 41.042343; 29.006245Coordinates: 41°02′32″N 29°00′22″E / 41.042343°N 29.006245°E / 41.042343; 29.006245
Architecture
Architect(s)Mimar Sinan
TypeMosque
StyleOttoman architecture
Groundbreaking1554
Completed1555/56
Specifications
Dome dia. (outer)12.6 m (41 ft)
Minaret(s)1
Materialsalternating layers of ashlar and brick

HistoryEdit

The mosque was endowed by the Ottoman admiral Sinan Pasha who was the younger brother of the grand vizier Rüstem Pasha. The mosque was designed by the imperial architect Mimar Sinan. Sinan Pasha died in 1554 and work began after his death. The gilded Arabic foundation inscription above the arched gateway of the mosque records the completion date as November/December 1555. The Turkish inscription carved around the white marble fountain basin in the courtyard records the date as 1555–56.[1]

ArchitectureEdit

The forecourt of the mosque is surrounded on three sides by the madrasa. This has a shed roof supported on short columns and lacks a classroom. At the centre of the courtyard is a rectangular drinking fountain. The mosque is constructed of alternating layers of ashlar and brick. The north side of the mosque originally had a double portico but in 1749 the inner portico with five domes was incorporated into the prayer hall. The 12.6 metres (41 ft) dome is supported on six arches with two free-standing hexagonal piers. The original painted decoration has not survived. The simple minbar is made of white marble.[2] The bath-house, which formed part of the original endowment, was demolished in 1957.[3]

The design of the Sinan Pasha Mosque has been compared with the earlier Üç Şerefeli Mosque in Edirne which dates from 1437 to 1448. In both mosques a dome is supported on six arches with two free-standing piers.[4][5]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Necipoğlu 2005, pp. 418–421.
  2. ^ Necipoğlu 2005, pp. 420–421.
  3. ^ Necipoğlu 2005, p. 420.
  4. ^ Necipoğlu 2005, p. 421.
  5. ^ Goodwin 2003, p. 244.

SourcesEdit

  • Goodwin, Godfrey (2003) [1971]. A History of Ottoman Architecture. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-27429-3.
  • Necipoğlu, Gülru (2005). The Age of Sinan: Architectural Culture in the Ottoman Empire. London: Reaktion Books. ISBN 978-1-86189-253-9.

External linksEdit