Sinai Temple in the Westwood district of Los Angeles, California is the oldest and largest Conservative Jewish congregation in the greater Los Angeles area. Architect Sidney Eisenshtat designed the current synagogue building, constructed in 1956 and expanded in 1998. Since 1997, the senior rabbi has been David Wolpe, the Rabbi Emeritus has been Zvi Dershowitz, and since 2008, the head school rabbi has been Andrew Feig.
|Leadership||Rabbi: David Wolpe |
Rabbi Emeritus: Zvi Dershowitz
Cantor: Marcus Feldman
|Location||Wilshire Boulevard and Beverly Glen Boulevard,|
Los Angeles, United States
|Architect(s)||Sidney Eisenshtat (1956)|
Mehrdad Yazdani and Dworsky Associates (1998)
Begun in 1906, Sinai Temple was established as the first Conservative congregation in Southern California. Its founders saw it as a venue for the practice of traditional Judaism in an environment of assimilation. The congregation first met in a B'nai B'rith hall on Figueroa Street in downtown Los Angeles, then from 1909 to 1925 in a building at 12th and Valencia, just west of what is now the Los Angeles Convention Center. That building then became the Welsh Presbyterian Church, and was named a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in 1977. (In 2013, Jewish music impresario Craig Taubman bought the building and announced plans to convert it into "a multicultural and interfaith performing arts center and house of worship.")
Following the trend of its congregants, who were moving in significant numbers to Beverly Hills and the Westside of Los Angeles, in 1960, Sinai Temple constructed its third facility at its current location at the corner of Wilshire Boulevard and Beverly Glen Boulevard in Westwood. The building has a striking interior marked by the use of stained glass; Eisenshtat's design has been compared to the work of Frank Lloyd Wright. The building was expanded in 1998, under the supervision of architect Mehrdad Yazdani and Dworsky Associates.
In 1986, Akiba Academy, which had rented facilities for its kindergarten through eighth grade program at Sinai Temple since its inception in 1968, merged with Sinai Temple and became known as Sinai Akiba Academy. The school is affiliated with the Solomon Schechter Day School Association and is the longest-accredited Jewish day school in the California Association of Independent School.
Sinai Temple owns and operates Mount Sinai Memorial Parks and Mortuaries, a large Jewish cemetery in the Hollywood Hills, which the temple acquired in 1967 from the neighboring Forest Lawn Memorial Park. In 1997 Mount Sinai dedicated a second cemetery location in Simi Valley.
Notable people and eventsEdit
David Wolpe, Sinai Temple's current senior rabbi, is an author and leader of the Conservative movement. In 2008, a Newsweek article named him the most influential pulpit rabbi in the United States. Other notable clergy of Sinai Temple have included Rabbi David Lieber, who later headed the University of Judaism; cantor and composer Meir Finkelstein; Rabbi Sherre Hirsch, and Emeritus Rabbi Zvi Dershowitz.
Rabbi Laurence Scheindlin, former headmaster of Sinai Akiba Academy, came to the school in 1977, when it had 170 students. As of 2010 the school had 560 students. He has published a number of articles on emotions and spiritual education. In 2009 Rabbi Scheindlin became the first school head to be elected president of the Solomon Schechter Day School Association, the national association of day schools that identify with Conservative Judaism.
"Friday Night Live", a lively, music-driven Shabbat service intended to attract younger congregants, was initially developed by Rabbi Wolpe and musician Craig Taubman at Sinai Temple; the concept is now replicated in other synagogues around the world. In June 2006, a Friday Night Live service at Sinai Temple saw an appearance by evangelical Christian minister and author Rick Warren, Warren's first appearance as featured speaker in a synagogue.
Sinai Temple has been notably impacted by the wave of Persian Jews who immigrated to the United States after the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran. Prior to this event, the congregation had been overwhelmingly composed of Ashkenazi Jews of Eastern European heritage. As many Persian Jews emigrated to Los Angeles, a substantial number joined Sinai Temple; over time the Persian Jews became more fully integrated into the congregation, which is now made up of about even proportions of Ashkenazim and Persians. Jimmy Delshad became the first Persian Jew to become president of Sinai Temple in 1990; in 2007 he was elected as mayor of Beverly Hills.
In 1999, Sinai Temple was the site of a "second bar mitzvah" for actor Kirk Douglas, then age 83. Also in 1999, the 14th Dalai Lama spoke to an overflow audience as part of the World Festival of Sacred Music.
- David Gebhard and Robert Winter, An Architectural Guidebook to Los Angeles (Gibbs Smith, rev. ed. 2003), ISBN 978-1-58685-308-2, p. 143 (excerpt available at Google Books).
- Kerry M. Olitzky, Marc Lee Raphael, The American Synagogue: A Historical Dictionary and Sourcebook (Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996), ISBN 0-313-28856-9, ISBN 978-0-313-28856-2, pp. 47–48 (excerpt available at Google Books).
- Amy Klein, "The Sinai Century", Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, May 18, 2006.
- Ryan Torok. "Finding holy ground in Pico-Union", The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, February 6, 2013.
- Sinai Akiba official website (retrieved October 14, 2009).
- Ruth Stroud, "Westward Expansion", Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, March 20, 1997.
- Tracy Valeri, "Mount Sinai Park Dedication Set", Los Angeles Daily News, March 15, 1997.
- "Top 50 Influential Rabbis in America", Newsweek web exclusive, April 11, 2008 (retrieved October 14, 2009).
- Julie G. Fax, "Rabbi Revolution", Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, June 29, 2003.
- Tom Tugend, "Wolpe Reaches Sinai", The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, July 24, 1997.
- Julie G. Fax, "Class Notes: Camp Ramah celebrates Golden Anniversary", The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, November 30, 2006.
- "Conservative school movement names board chief" Archived March 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 11, 2009 (retrieved October 14, 2009).
- Ron Wolfson, The Spirituality of Welcoming: How to Transform Your Congregation into a Sacred Community", (Jewish Lights Publishing, 2006), ISBN 978-1-58023-244-9, pp. 92–94 (excerpts available at Google Books).
- Rob Eshman, "Jesus' Man Has a Plan", Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, June 22, 2006.
- "Pastor Rick Warren to Make First-Ever Appearance in a Synagogue", Religion News Service, June 6, 2006 (retrieved October 14, 2009).
- Kevin West, "The Persian Conquest", W, July 2009 (retrieved October 14, 2009).
- Kirk Douglas, My Stroke of Luck (HarperCollins, 2003), ISBN 978-0-06-001404-9 p. 110 (excerpt available at Google Books).
- Tom Tugend, "Kirk Douglas—Bar Mitzvah Boy", Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, December 23, 1999.
- Robert W. Welkos, "Douglas Beats the Count", Los Angeles Times, December 7, 1999.