Simon August, Count of Lippe-Detmold

Simon August, Count of Lippe (12 June 1727 – 1 May 1782), ruled the Principality of Lippe-Detmold from 1734 until 1782.

Simon August
Prince of Lippe-Detmold
Simon August Graf von Lippe.jpg
Simon August, Count of Lippe-Detmold
Born(1727-06-12)12 June 1727
Died1 May 1782(1782-05-01) (aged 54)
Noble familyLippe
Spouse(s)Princess Polyxena Louise of Nassau-Weilburg
Princess Maria Leopoldine of Anhalt-Dessau
Princess Casimire of Anhalt-Dessau
Princess Christine of Solms-Braunfels
FatherSimon Henry Adolph, Count of Lippe-Detmold
MotherJohanna Wilhelmine of Nassau-Idstein

He was born in Detmold, the son of Simon Henry Adolph and Johanna Wilhelmine of Nassau-Idstein. Simon August ruled until 1747 under the guardianship of his mother. Under the influence of the Enlightenment, he issued a fiscal and social legislation and in 1749 he introduced, together with Adolf von Hillensberg, a budget in Lippe, so as to not spend money when no revenues were available. The Sparkasse Detmold and a fire insurance company are direct continuations of companies he founded. He acquired salt mine at Bad Salzuflen and built a spa in Bad Meinberg. In 1775, he created a relief fund for the poor. A census in 1776 revealed that his country had 49416 inhabitants.

Marriages and IssueEdit

In Kirchheimbolanden on 24 August 1750, Simon August married firstly with princess Polyxena Louise (Kirchheimbolanden, 27 January 1733 - Detmold, 27 September 1764), daughter of Charles August, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg. They had a daughter:

  • Wilhelmine Caroline (Kirchheimbolanden, 6 July 1751 - Kirchheimbolanden, 4 April 1753).

In Dessau on 28 September 1765 Simon August married secondly with princess Maria Leopoldine of Anhalt-Dessau (Dessau, 18 November 1746 - Detmold, 15 April 1769). They had a son:

In Dessau on 9 November 1769 Simon August married thirdly princess Casimire of Anhalt-Dessau (Dessau, 19 January 1749 - Detmold, 8 November 1778), sister of his previous wife. They had a son:

  • Casimir August (Detmold, 9 October 1777 - Falkenberg bei Berlin, 27 May 1809).

In Braunfels Castle on 26 March 1780 Simon August married fourthly princess Christine of Solms-Braunfels (Braunfels, 30 August 1744 - Detmold, 16 December 1823). They had no children

After his death at Detmold in 1782, his son Leopold I took up government.


  • Lore Blanke: Simon August. In: Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB). Band 24, Duncker & Humblot, Berlín 2010, ISBN 978-3-428-11205-0, p. 425 f.
Simon August, Count of Lippe-Detmold
Born: 12 June 1727 Died: 1 May 1782
German royalty
Preceded by
Simon Henry Adolph
Prince of Lippe
Succeeded by
Leopold I
as Prince of Lippe