Silver Gate (Diocletian's Palace)

The Silver Gate (Croatian: Srebrna vrata), Latin: Porta argentea), or "the Eastern gate" is one of the four principal Roman gates into the stari grad (old town) of Split that was once Diocletian's Palace. The gate faces east towards the Roman town of Epetia, today Stobreč.[1]

The Silver Gate
Native name
Croatian: Srebrna vrata
Croatia-01232 - Silver Gate (9548728661).jpg
Silver Gate (Porta argentea) as it appeared in 2013
TypeGatehouse
LocationSplit, Croatia
Coordinates43°30′29″N 16°26′28″E / 43.50806°N 16.44111°E / 43.50806; 16.44111Coordinates: 43°30′29″N 16°26′28″E / 43.50806°N 16.44111°E / 43.50806; 16.44111
Built4th century AD
Built byDiocletian
Architectural style(s)Roman
Silver Gate (Diocletian's Palace) is located in Croatia
Silver Gate (Diocletian's Palace)
Location of The Silver Gate in Croatia

HistoryEdit

During the late antiquity, the gate was known as the Porta Orientalis ("the eastern gate").[2] Probably in or around the 6th century, above the gate in the sentry corridor, a small church dedicated to St. Apolinar[3] was built. This coincided with the complex seeing an influx of refugees from outlining communities, simmer churches were over the Golden Gate, the Iron Gate, and the Bronze Gate. The structure of this part of the wall and the door itself were later incorporated in various buildings in the following centuries, such as the Church of Dušica, which was destroyed in the Second World War.[2]

The gate was still in operation during the Middle Ages.[3] In 1764 the Venetians, who had ruled over the city for some time, opened what became known as "the small gate", a few meters from the Silver Gate. Immediately next to the small gate, a building (later the Archaeological Museum) was built in 1820.[3]

At the end of the 19th century, the church was enlarged, and its present appearance was gained in the early 1930s.[2] The gate was extensively renovated in 1952, after the Allied bombing of Yugoslavia in World War II during which the Baroque church Dušica (Saints-innocents) suffered extensive damage.[2][4] It was during this time, controversially that attempts were made to clean up and restore the building by removing later additions of the fabric of the structure of the eastern wall of the Palace. Gates such as "the small gate" were closed off, which undermined the former aesthetic quality of the surroundings.[3]

Opposite the Silver Gate, next to the main town market is an old monastery and a church of the Dominican monastery of St. Catherine of Alexandria built in the 13th century and restored after the demolition in the 17th century.

The Silver Gate was used by the Pope John Paul II in his popemobile on the way to the Cathedral of Saint Domnius, during his visit to Split in 2000.[4]

DescriptionEdit

The Porta Orientalis was a secondary gate of Diocletian's Palace, as it was not the main gate and was located in the middle of the east wall. Made up of two parts, an outer and inner gates designed as a defensive system the architecture was less ornate and decorative that the Golden Gate located in the north wall of the palace, but still retains 2 niches, which most probably housed sculptures.[4] Like the Golden Gate, the Silver Gate was located between two octagonal towers, and beside them, there were four more towers which oversaw the eastern gateway to the palace.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Šušnjar, Bogdan, Villa of the Diocletian in Split, p. 74th
  2. ^ a b c d "Split.hr | Srebrna vrata". split.hr. Retrieved 2019-06-28.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Srebrna vrata u Splitu | Vodiči na Putovnica.net". putovnica.net. Retrieved 2019-06-28.
  4. ^ a b c "Silver Gate, Split". absolute-croatia.com. Retrieved 2019-06-28.

Further readingEdit

  • Šušnjar, Bogdan, Villa cara Dioklecijana u Splitu, Naklada Bošković, Split, 2003. ISBN 953-7090-06-X

External linksEdit