Sikkim State Congress

The Sikkim State Congress, or SSC, was an annexationist political party in the Kingdom of Sikkim. It was founded in 1947 and worked closely with the Indian National Congress (INC) to successfully achieve the annexation of Sikkim to India. Other parties established by the INC to serve India's interests in its near abroad included the Nepal State Congress Party and the Bhutan State Congress Party.

Sikkim State Congress
Founded1947
Dissolved1972
Merged intoSikkim Janata Congress
IdeologyAnnexation of Kingdom of Sikkim with India
ColoursBlue

The SSC's main constituents were Nepalese, while its opponent, the Sikkim National Party, had support among the Bhutia and Lepcha people. It campaigned to change the election system from a confessional system to a "one man, one vote" system. When that reform happened in 1974, the numerically superior Nepalese made the Congress Sikkim's dominant political party.

Some anti-clerical and other modernizing elites within the Bhutia-Lepcha community joined the Sikkim State Congress, because of its desire to abolish landlordism. Kazi Lhendup Dorjee, one of these, was president of the party between 1953 and 1958. Kashiraj Pradhan, Nahakul Pradhan, Chandra Das Rai and B. B. Gurung were other prominent leaders who have led the party before the merger with India. Subsequently, SSC merged with Sikkim Janata Party in 1972, forming the Sikkim Janata Congress.

Electoral historyEdit

Election Seats won Seats +/- Source
1953
6 / 18
- [1]
1958
7 / 20
 1
1967
2 / 24
 5
1970
4 / 24
 2 [2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hamlet Bareh (2001). Encyclopaedia of North-East India. 7:Sikkim. Mittal Publications. p. 17. ISBN 9788170997948.
  2. ^ "Sikkim Darbar Gazette - Declaration of the Results of Election, 1970". 14 May 1970. pp. 59–60. Retrieved 16 June 2021.