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In the year, 1761 the Sikhs besieged Lahore and after facing no opposition of Durrani forces Sikhs captured Lahore.

Siege of Lahore
Part of Indian Campaign of Ahmad Shah Durrani
Date1761
Location
Result
  • Sikhs won the siege.
  • Sikhs Captured Lahore.[1][2]
Belligerents
Nishan Sahib.svg Sikh Misls Flag of the Abdali Afghan Tribes.jpeg Durrani Empire
Commanders and leaders
  • Ahmad Shah Durrani
  • Timur Shah Durrani
  • Khwaja Obed, the Governor of Lahore
  • BackgroundEdit

    After Victory in Third Battle of Panipat , Ahmad Shah Durrani sent General Nuruddin with 12,000 soldiers to chastite Sikhs.Charat Singh Sukerchakia attacked Nuruddin's army at Sialkot.Nuruddin escaped and Sikhs won great victory in the Battle of Sialkot (1761).

    Afghan General Khwaja Obed Khan was also sent to punish Sikhs.Khwaja obed want to attack Charat Singh at Gujranwala but before he was attacked by Sikhs led by Jassa Singh Ahluwalia, Hari Singh Dhillon and Jai Singh Kanheya.The afghan forces were surrounded and Khwaja fled the battlefield. Sikhs once again defeated the Afghans in the Battle of Gujranwala (1761).[3][4]

    Siege of LahoreEdit

    The Sikhs gained enough confidence to capture Lahore after back to back victories.They met at Amritsar on Diwali (22nd Oct 1761) and decided to capture Lahore.Sikhs besieged Lahore, khawaja obed did not faced the Sikh attack, Sikhs entered the Lahore city, plundered the city [5]captured the Royal mint and struck their coins bearing-",

    "Sikka Zad dar Jahan Bafazat-i-Akal, mulk-i-Ahmad garift Jassa Kalal."

    which means,

    "The coin struck by Grace of God in the country of Ahmad captured by Jassa Kalal.".[6]

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ Raj Pal Singh (2004). The Sikhs : Their Journey Of Five Hundred Years. Pentagon Press. p. 115. ISBN 9788186505465.
    2. ^ Mehta, J. L. (2005). Advanced study in the history of modern India 1707–1813. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. 303. ISBN 978-1-932705-54-6. Retrieved 2010-09-23.
    3. ^ "A Concise History of Afghanistan in 25 Volumes, Volume 14". Retrieved 29 December 2014.
    4. ^ Kakshi, S.R.; Pathak, Rashmi; Pathak, S.R.Bakshi R. (2007-01-01). Punjab Through the Ages. Sarup & Sons. p. 15. ISBN 978-81-7625-738-1. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
    5. ^ Grewal, J.S. (1990). The Sikhs of the Punjab. Cambridge University Press. p. 91. ISBN 0 521 63764 3. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
    6. ^ Raj Pal Singh (2004). The Sikhs : Their Journey Of Five Hundred Years. Pentagon Press. p. 116. ISBN 9788186505465.