Siglufjörður

Siglufjörður is a small fishing town in a narrow fjord with the same name on the northern coast of Iceland.

Siglufjörður
Town
View over Siglufjörður
View over Siglufjörður
Nickname(s): 
"Síldarbærinn" (Herring Town), Sigló'
Location of the Municipality of Fjallabyggð
Location of the Municipality of Fjallabyggð
Siglufjörður is located in Iceland
Siglufjörður
Siglufjörður
Location of the Municipality of Fjallabyggð
Coordinates: 66°9′7″N 18°54′32″W / 66.15194°N 18.90889°W / 66.15194; -18.90889Coordinates: 66°9′7″N 18°54′32″W / 66.15194°N 18.90889°W / 66.15194; -18.90889
CountryIceland
ConstituencyNortheast Constituency
RegionNortheastern Region
MunicipalityFjallabyggð
Area
 • Total155 km2 (60 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2011)
 • Total1,206
 • Density9.28/km2 (24.0/sq mi)
 • Summer (DST)[[UTC66°9′7″N 18°54′32″W / 66.15194°N 18.90889°W / 66.15194; -18.90889]]
Postal code
580
WebsiteMunicipal website
Siglufjörður
Former Municipality
Location of the former Municipality of Siglufjörður
Location of the former Municipality of Siglufjörður
Country Iceland
 • Summer (DST)[[UTC66°11′N 18°53′W / 66.183°N 18.883°W / 66.183; -18.883]]

The population in 2011 was 1,206; the town has been shrinking in size since the 1950s when the town reached its peak of 3,000 inhabitants.

The municipalities of Ólafsfjörður and Siglufjörður, connected since 2010 by the Héðinsfjörður Tunnels, merged in 2006 to form a municipality called Fjallabyggð, which literally means Mountain Settlement.

Siglufjörður is the site of The Herring Era Museum, a maritime museum which opened in 1994.[1]

HistoryEdit

The town grew up around the herring industry that was very strong in the 1940s and 1950s. Herring fishing is no longer productive in the region.

Siglufjörður was connected with a road for the first time in 1940, when the horse riding trail through Siglufjarðarskarð [is] was improved enabling cars to get through. Before that ships, seaplanes, horses and strong legs provided the transport.

CurrentEdit

Today the town remains dependent on fishing industries. The government of Iceland is attempting to reverse the population shrinking in the area by improving land transportation. The dual Héðinsfjörður Tunnels, with a total length of 11 km (6.8 mi), were dug between Siglufjörður and Ólafsfjörður to connect with the region of Eyjafjörður in the east, and opened on 2 October 2010. Siglufjörður was already connected by the 800 m Strákar Tunnel to the west; it used to be the town's only road connection open year-round. That tunnel was completed in 1967 and before then the only road to the town was a narrow mountain pass between Siglufjörður and Héðinsfjörður, open only during the summer. The new tunnel opened interesting mountain tracks and trout fishing opportunities to those without boats and unwilling to walk the old trail.

The old road to Siglufjörður is open during the summer. It is the highest mountain road in Iceland and is used today for hiking, horseriding and pleasure driving. In January 2021, the ski area of Siglufjörður was destroyed by a snowslide.[2]

In popular cultureEdit

Baltasar Kormákur's 2015[3] TV series "Ófærð (Trapped)" was filmed almost entirely in Siglufjörður, with the exception of a few outdoor scenes shot in the Eastfjords and Reykjavík.[4]

The town is also the setting of Ragnar Jónasson's detective series entitled "Dark Iceland".[5]

 
The new hotel at Siglufjörður

Air transportEdit

There have not been regular flights to Siglufjörður for many years, but private small planes make frequent landings. The closest airport with scheduled flights is in Akureyri, an hour's drive from Siglufjörður.

Daylight hoursEdit

Siglufjörður experiences midnight sun from 9 June until 1 July.[6]

Siglufjörður does not experience polar night at the December solstice; the shortest daylight hours in Siglufjörður is 2 hours 39 minutes, from 11:54 UTC until 14:33 UTC on 21 December.[6]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Around Iceland 2015: Fjallabyggð", Iceland Monitor, Morgunblaðið, 9 September 2015.
  2. ^ Arnljótsdóttir, Þórdís. "Allt í rúst á skíðasvæðinu á Siglufirði". RÚV. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  3. ^ Ófærð (Crime, Drama, Mystery, Thriller), Ólafur Darri Ólafsson, Ilmur Kristjánsdóttir, Ingvar Sigurdsson, Elva María Birgisdóttir, RVK Studios, 2015-12-27, retrieved 2020-10-03CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ "Here's what you need to know about the Icelandic crime-drama "Trapped"". Icelandmag. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  5. ^ "The setting - Siglufjordur". Ragnar Jonasson. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  6. ^ a b "Daylight calculator (number of daylight hours, with sunrise and sunset, and daylight saving time) in Siglufjörður, Islandia". jan.moesen.nu. Retrieved 2017-09-17.

External linksEdit