Pierre de Troyes, Chevalier de Troyes
Pierre de Troyes
Chevalier de Troyes
|Died||May 8, 1688|
|Service/|| Régiment de Piémont|
French Marines in Canada
|Battles/wars||King William's War|
|Spouse(s)||Marie Petit de L'Estang |
Arrival in CanadaEdit
A captain in the French army de Troyes arrived at Quebec in August 1685 with reinforcements for the colony. On 20 March 1686, with a party of twenty Troupes de la Marine (marines) and sixty Canadien militiamen (selected for their canoeing skills) out of Montreal, he led a mission to chase the English from James Bay (then known as the bottom of Hudson Bay). Among his officers were three Le Moyne brothers, Pierre, Jacques and Paul. They were divided into three groups and headed to their destination using the interior waterways.
Hudson Bay ExpeditionEdit
The mission (Hudson Bay expedition (1686)) made audacious use of canoes for transportation in voyageur style, following the Ottawa River north, portaging by way of Lake Timiskaming and Lake Abitibi (on the Abitibi River). The assault caught the British entirely by surprise and captured Moose Fort with ease on 20 June. On 3 July, de Troyes took Rupert House along with HBC Craven, which he used to descend on Fort Albany, which fell 26 July. Leaving Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville in charge of the captured forts, de Troyes returned to Quebec.
In June 1687, de Troyes commanded a company under Governor Denonville for his famous attack against the Seneca. De Troyes' brilliant military career was cut short by his death the following year. When Denonville created Fort Denonville (now Fort Niagara) in his own honor, de Troyes was left in charge. He died during the winter of 1687–1688, along with most of the troops in his garrison, due to scurvy.
- Caron, Ivanhoë (ed.) Journal de l'expédition du chevalier de Troyes à la baie d'Hudson, en 1686. Beauceville: Compagnie de "L'Éclaireur", 1918
- Lamontagne 1979, p. 653.
- Marsh 1988, p. 2196.
- Sutherland 1988, p. 2196.
- Also known as Fort Rupert and Fort Charles. Marsh, p. 2196.
- Marsh, p. 2196
- Lamontagne, Léopold. "Troyes, Pierre de." In: Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1: 653. 1979
- Marsh, James. "Troyes, Pierre de." In:The Canadian Encyclopedia, vol. 4: 2196. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers, 1988.
- Sutherland, Stuart R. J. "Troupes de la Marine". In: The Canadian Encyclopedia, vol. 4: 2196. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers, 1988.