Sierra Salvada

Sierra Salvada (Basque: Gorobel) is a mountain range situated to the northwest of Burgos (Spain), and it is also part of Alava and Orduña (an enclave on Biscay). The southern slope of this mountain range, whose rivers flow to the mediterranean sea, is included in the province of Burgos. However, the north slope is part of the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country. The rivers of this area of Sierra Salvada flow to the Cantabrian coast.

Sierra Salvada
SierraSalvada.JPG
Sierra Salvada and the Ungino mountain peak
Highest point
PeakEskutxi
Elevation1,180 m (3,870 ft)
Dimensions
Length25 km (16 mi)
Area100 km2 (39 sq mi)
Geography
CountrySpain
ProvinceÁlava
Geology
Type of rockAlpine Orogeny

Sierra Salvada is famous because of its peculiar shape, created by its north steep slope, 25 km (16 mi) in length, and because of its biodiversity,[1] That is why Sierra Salvada is considered a Special Protection Area (SPA), in order to protect the different species of birds.

HistoryEdit

 
A beech forest in Sierra Salvada.

This mountain range has been very important between the 16th and 18th centuries, as a communication way between Castilla and the Cantabrian. It is considered an important trade route that connected the Northern Peninsula,[2] and therefore, it was very significant on the commercial communications of the northern area.

Sierra Salvada is known through its limestone area and the speleological researches done there by the caving groups. Among the more than 350 caves located, there is the most famous one, The System of the Beech Forest of Ponata, cavity located and explored by the Speleological Group of Alava (GEA) between 1983 and 2000. This famous cave has 45 kilometres (28 mi) length mapped.[3] Other caves of this mountain range are the Pozalagua System, with 13 kilometres (8 mi) length (explored and mapped by the Speleological Group of Alava and the Edelweiss Caving Group) and the San Miguel or the Old Cave.

Mountains in Sierra SalvadaEdit

  • Urieta – 1,133 m (3,717 ft)
  • Aro – 1,127 m (3,698 ft)
  • Ungino – 1,105 m (3,625 ft)
  • Tologorri – 1,066 m (3,497 ft)
  • Bedarbide – 1,041 m (3,415 ft)
  • Solaiera – 1,039 m (3,409 ft)
  • Txarlazo – 927 m (3,041 ft)
  • Arando – 943 m (3,094 ft)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Igea, Octavio (08.01.2008). "Sierra Salvada, tesoro natural" (article) (in Spanish). El Correo Digital. Retrieved 23 February 2011. formed by 224 different species of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals and plants Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ Igea, Octavio (08.01.2008). "Sierra Salvada, tesoro natural" (article). El Correo Digital (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 February 2011. one of the most important trade routes that connected the Northern Peninsula Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ Grupo Espeleológico Edelweiss. "Sierra Salvada" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 February 2011 (Edelweiss Caving Group). Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)

External linksEdit