Siege of Viterbo

The siege of Viterbo was fought in 1243 between the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and the rebellious city of Viterbo, 50 km north of Rome.[1]

Battle of Viterbo
Part of the Wars of the Guelphs and Ghibellines
Date1243
Location
Viterbo, Lazio, present-day Italy
42°25′7.00″N 12°6′15.01″E / 42.4186111°N 12.1041694°E / 42.4186111; 12.1041694Coordinates: 42°25′7.00″N 12°6′15.01″E / 42.4186111°N 12.1041694°E / 42.4186111; 12.1041694
Result Guelph victory
Belligerents
Holy Roman Empire and Ghibellines Guelphs
Commanders and leaders
Frederick II
Siege of Viterbo is located in Italy
Siege of Viterbo
Location within Italy
Siege of Viterbo is located in Mediterranean
Siege of Viterbo
Siege of Viterbo (Mediterranean)

HistoryEdit

Frederick intervened when the Guelph party in the city expelled his garrison from the city, forcing the men, led by the imperial vicar Simeon, count of Chieti, to withdraw into the rocca of San Lorenzo. Frederick was reached by the news at Melfi, and immediately raised an army to set the matter, while the rebel citizens of Viterbo requested help from Frederick's traditional enemy, the pope. The emperor led the siege personally, but the maneuvers of his troops were unsuccessful, and the defenders were able to set on fire the imperial siege towers. The siege thus resulted in a humiliation for Frederick.[2]

Pope Innocent IV, fearing that the event could start a war with the emperor, intervened; his legate, Cardinal Otto of San Nicola in Carcere, convinced the rebels to sign a treaty of peace. However, after the signature, they treacherously attacked and massacred the imperial garrison. The pope punished the citizens of Viterbo only with a pecuniary mulct, and retained control of the city in the person of his legate, Ranieri of Viterbo.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Multiple Authors (17 September 2012). Medieval Wars 500–1500. Amber Books Ltd. pp. 77–. ISBN 978-1-78274-119-0.
  2. ^ Jim Bradbury (1992). The Medieval Siege. Boydell & Brewer. pp. 151–. ISBN 978-0-85115-357-5.

SourcesEdit