Siege of Tabriz (1501)

The siege of Tabriz took place in 1501 just after the Safavids had defeated the Aq Qoyunlu in the Battle of Sarur. In the preceding battle the Aq Qoyunlus army was 4 times bigger than the Safavid army.[1] After the siege Ismail I chose Tabriz as his capital and proclaimed himself Shahanshah of Iran.[2][3][4]

Siege of Tabriz
Ismail declares himself shah by entering Tabriz, Chingiz Mehbaliyev.jpg
Ismail declares himself shah by entering Tabriz, painter Chingiz Mehbaliyev, in private collection.
Tabriz, Iran
Result Safavid victory.
Safavids capture Tabriz.
Safavid dynasty Aq Qoyunlu
Commanders and leaders
Shah Ismail I


  1. ^ "Welcome to Encyclopaedia Iranica".
  2. ^ George Lenczowski, "Iran under the Pahlavis", Hoover Institution Press, 1978, p. 79: "Ismail Safavi, descendant of the pious Shaykh Ishaq Safi al-Din (d. 1334), seized Tabriz assuming the title of Shahanshah-e-Iran".
  3. ^ Stefan Sperl, C. Shackle, Nicholas Awde, "Qasida poetry in Islamic Asia and Africa", Brill Academic Pub; Set Only edition (February 1996), p. 193: "Like Shah Ni'mat Allah-i Vali he hosted distinguished visitors among them Ismail Safavi, who had proclaimed himself Shahanshah of Iran in 1501 after having taken Tabriz, the symbolic and political capital of Iran".
  4. ^ Heinz Halm, Janet Watson, Marian Hill, Shi'ism, translated by Janet Watson, Marian Hill, Edition: 2, illustrated, published by Columbia University Press, 2004, p. 80: "...he was able to make his triumphal entry into Alvand's capital Tabriz. Here he assumed the ancient Iranian title of King of Kings (Shahanshah) and setup up Shi'i as the ruling faith"